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final defense rica

final defense rica

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Published by: api-19649313 on Nov 25, 2009
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03/18/2014

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Alpha-Amylase Production
by Bacillus licheniformis
1331using Jackfruit Seeds
as Substrate

Rica Mae A. Palongpalong
Prof. Percival G. Garcia
What are Amylases?
\u2022Enzymes that breakdown starch
glycogen

\u2022These are produced by living
organisms such as bacteria,
plants, and humans.

\u2022Bacteria and fungi secrete
amylases to the outside of the
cells to carry out extracellular
digestion.

\u2022When they have broken down
the insoluble starch, the soluble
end products such as glucose or
maltose are absorbed into their
cells.

Classification of Amylases
(based on how organisms breakdown starch
molecules)

1. Alpha-amylase- reduces the viscosity of starch by
breaking down the bonds at random, therefore
producing varied sized chains of glucose

2. Beta-amylase- breaks the glucose-glucose bonds
by removing two glucose units at a time, thereby
producing maltose

3. Amyloglucosidase- breaks successive bonds from
the non-reducing end of the straight chain,
producing glucose

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