man"s body must be covered from the navel to the 'nees; a woman"s fromthe nec' to below the elbow and to the an'les. ll of the woman"s hair must be covered. !hoes are removed in a place of prayer, (!ome lmams wear slippers or sandals which they wear only inside a mosue.) If there iscoming and going, the space in front should be symbolically delimited bysome obect placed in front of the worshiper. $or this reason, thosepraying a solitary prayer choose for preference to stand before the wall or a pillar. The worshiper must formulate the intention of the prayer to beperformed by naming it.
The motions of the prayer are as follows:1.
!tanding with the feet only slightly apart, the worshiper raises hisarms to the level of his ears, palms open forward, and declares out loud llahu a'bar. This raising of the hands to the level of the head needs tooccurs only at this first ta'bir. This opens the prayer. Then the handsare placed at the sides, or clasped right over left at the waist above thenavel, or clasped at the center of the chest, or above the heart. ll of these have precedents in the !unnah of the %rophet, may peace be upon him.In this standing position, the worshiper pronounces the fatihah, which mayor may not be preceded by the basmalah. t the end of the fatihah, theworshiper says+ amin. If there is an lmam, and the fatihah has been said out loud, this amin is pronounced as a response by the congregation. Inthe first two ra'a"at of the prayer (but not in subseuent ra'a"at), after the fatihah, some verses from the uran are recited. This ended, theworshiper then says+ llahu a'bar (this is always said aloud), and bows,placing his hands upon the 'nees.
In this position, which is called the bow, he says silently+!ubhana-5lahi-l-athim (Glory to God the 2ighty) three times, or a similar formula.
6ising now to the standing position, the worshiper says out loudsami"a-llahu liman hamidah (God listens to him who praises 7im) Then he, or the congregation following an lmam, says as response+ 6abband wala'a-l-hamd (ur 5ord, and to Thee belongs praise).
!aying+ llahu a'bar out loud while still standing upright, theworshiper then prostrates himself, touching the forehead to the ground andwith both palms on the ground. In this position, which is called sadah,he says silently+ subhana 6abbiya-l-"la (Glory to my 5ord the 2ost 7igh),or a similar formula, three times.