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Uthman bin Affan

Uthman bin Affan

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Published by Waqas Ahmed
A short article on the 3rd Rightly Guided Caliph Uthman-bin-Affan
A short article on the 3rd Rightly Guided Caliph Uthman-bin-Affan

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Published by: Waqas Ahmed on Nov 25, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/05/2012

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1
 
Uthm
Ā
n bin
Ă
 Aff 
Ā
n (
 Dhul-N 
 Ĉ
 rayn
 )
:
The Third of the Rightly Guided Caliphs (
Ė
)
By Waqas Ahmed, MD
t was the 9
th
years of 
 Hijrah
. The expedition was to head towards Tab
Ĉ
k,approximately 400 miles from the city of Medinah. 400 miles in swelteringheat and the prospect of facing a massive well equipped army of theRoman Empire made the journey an extremely undesirable prospect. TheNoble Prophet
Ē
had ordered all able bodied men to march with him,approximately 30,000 of them. The distance and the large number of Companions
Ė
necessitated extra supplies and that was a serious problem – thenascent city state did not have enough resources to carry out such anexpedition. As the Noble Prophet
Ē
sat in
 Masjid al-Nabawi
watching hisCompanions
Ė
bring what little they had in their homes, the man called
Uthm
 Ā
 n bin
Ă
 Aff 
 Ā
 n
walked in with 1000 gold dinars and scattered them at thefeet of the Prophet
Ē
. but that was not it, this extraordinary sacrifice was alsofollowed by 1000 camels and horses for the Muslim army. The Prophet jubilated and has been reported to have said in an authentic had
ą
th,
“Nothing Uthm
Ā
n does after today, will harm him.”
He is the third in the venerated list of “The Ten” (
Ă
 Asharah Mubasharah
) who were given glad tidings of Paradise by the Noble Prophet
Ē
.His name was
Uthm
 Ā
 n bin
Ă
 Aff 
 Ā
 n bin Abil-
ĂĊ 
 s bin Umayyah bin
Ă
 Abd Shams bin
Ă
 Abd Mun
 Ā
 f 
. His clan was the respectable
 Banu Umayyah
. His lineage meets that of the Noble Prophet
Ē
in
Ă
 Abd Mun
 Ā
 f 
. He was born in T
Ā
if and was also thecousin (from his maternal grandmother’s side) of the Noble Prophet
Ē
. Whenhe grew older, he took up trade as his profession in which he becameexceptionally proficient and successful. During one of his trips to Syria, he hada dream in which he heard a caller in the desert, “Sleepers, awake, for verily
I
 
2
 
 Ahmad has come forth in Makkah.” On his return to Makkah, he met Abu Bakrand on his invitation, proclaimed the
Shahadah,
he was 35 years old then.Subsequently, the Noble Prophet
Ē
gave Uthm
Ā
n the hand of his daughterRuqayya
Ĕ
in marriage after her divorce by
Ă
Utbah bin Abi La
 Ą
 ab
on theinsistence of his parents
 Abu La
 Ą
 ab
and
Umm Jameel
. Uthm
Ā
n and Ruqayya wereamong the small group of early Muslims who undertook the first emigration to Abyssinia on the orders of the Prophet
Ē
. After migration to Medinah, Ruqayya
Ĕ
, the wife of Uthm
Ā
n became seriouslyill, when the expedition which eventually became the battle of Badr, leftMedinah. The Prophet
Ē
expressly permitted Uthm
Ā
n to stay in Medinah tolook after her and made it clear that Uthm
Ā
n would share the reward of those who actually took part in the expedition and subsequent battle, as well as in the war booty. Ruqayyah
Ĕ
died during the period of the battle of Badr and in thefollowing year, the husband of 
 Hafsa bint
Ă
Umar bin Khatt
 Ā
b
also died.
Ă
Umarapproached Uthm
Ā
n and asked him to marry Hafsa. Uthm
Ā
n remained quite.
Ă
Umar made the same suggestion to Abu Bakr who also remained quite (sincethe Noble Prophet
Ē
had hinted to him that he
Ē
would marry Hafsa).
Ă
Umar was hurt by the apparent rejection of his daughters hand in marriage andapproached the Noble Prophet
Ē
, who said to him,
“Uthm
Ā
n will be married to someone better than Hafsa and Hafsa will have a husband better than Uthm
Ā
n.”
 The words materialized when the Noble Prophet
Ē
himself married Hafsa andgave the hand of his other daughter
Umm Kals
 Ĉ
 m
to Uthm
Ā
n, hence theappellation of 
 Dhul-N 
 Ĉ
 rayn
(the one with two lights), an honor not shared byanyone in the Ummah of Muhammad
Ē
. The enormous love the NobleProphet
Ē
had for Uthm
Ā
n was made more evident after
Umm Kals
 Ĉ
 m
also diedfollowing the expedition of Tab
Ĉ
k, when he
Ē
said,
“If I had another daughterleft, I would have given her hand in marriage to Uthm
Ā
n as well.”
 
 
3
 
Even in the time of his Ignorance, Uthm
Ā
n never indulged in a sinful life. He was famous for his chastity and his kindness. The Noble Prophet
Ē
said,
“Even the angels show modesty to Uthm
Ā
n as he shows it to Allah and His Messenger.”
  When the Muslims migrated to Medinah, there was a shortage of fresh waterand the only fresh water well,
 B
ā
 ir R
 Ĉ
 mah
was owned by a Jew and he would onlysell the water to the Muslims. The Prophet
Ē
said,
“Who will buy this well and share it with the Muslims in return for Paradise?”
 Uthm
Ā
n bought the well for several thousand
 Dirhams
and donated it to all theMuslims. In the 6
th
year of the
 Hijrah
, the Noble Prophet
Ē
set out for Makkah withapproximately 1400 Companions to perform Umrah. They camped at
 Hudaybiyah
and Uthm
Ā
n was sent to Makkah as the emissary of the Prophet
Ē
. After their refusal to allow the Muslims to enter Makkah for the pilgrimage, the
Quraysh
did not allow Uthm
Ā
n to return. Word spread that Uthm
Ā
n had beenkilled by the
Quraysh
. Upon hearing this, the Prophet
Ē
sat under a tree andtook the pledge from his Companions to fight till death to avenge Uthm
Ā
n.Every man came and presented his hand to the Prophet
Ē
, who then used oneof his own hands as the hand of Uthm
Ā
n and the other as the pledge takinghand, another unique honor for Uthm
Ā
n. Later when the
Quraysh
learned of the intention of the Muslims, they allowed Uthm
Ā
n to return back.Once the Prophet
Ē
climbed the mountain U
Ą
ud in the company of Abu. Bakr,
Ă
Umar and Uthm
Ā
n
Ė
. The mountain shook and the Prophet
Ē
put a firm stepon it and said,
“Steady O U 
 Ą
ud! There is none over you except a Prophet, a sidd 
ą
que and two shuhadah,”
foretelling the martyrdom of 
Ă
Umar and Uthm
Ā
n
ĕ
.
 

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