Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
112Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Chemical Bond III

Chemical Bond III

Ratings:

5.0

(2)
|Views: 5,496 |Likes:
Published by MalaysiaBoleh

More info:

Published by: MalaysiaBoleh on Mar 19, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/22/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 1
Chemical Bond III
Covalent Bonding
1.
 
Covalent bonds
are formed by atoms
sharing electrons
to form
molecules
.This type of bond usually formed between
two non-metallic elements.
2.
 
The molecules might be that of an
element ie one type of atom
only ORfrom
different elements
chemicallycombined to form a
compound
.3.
 
The covalent bonding is caused by themutual electrical attraction between thetwo positive nuclei of the two atoms of the bond, and the electrons between them.4.
 
One
single covalent bond
is a sharing of 
1 pair of electrons
, two pairs of sharedelectrons between the same two atomsgives a double bond and it is possible fortwo atoms to share 3 pairs of electronsand give a triple bond.
Examples of Covalent Bond
Chlorine phosphorusoxygencarbon dioxidenitrogenTetrachloro-methaneHydrogensulfur dioxideNumber of Covalent bonds depends on howmany pairs of electron been shared.Number of electronExample and type of covalentbond1 pairtype of covalent bond
 
2 pairtype of covalent bond
 
3 pairtype of covalent bond
 
Example of covalent bondSingle BondChlorine Water
 
 2Ammonia TetrachloromethaneDouble BondOxygen Carbon Dioxide
 
 3Triple BondPredicting The Molecular FormulaNon-metal element that bond togetherElement X valency Element YvalencyMolecularFormulaGroup IV Group VIIGroup IV Group VIGroup V Group VIIGroup VI Group VIIExample 1The diagram below shows the electronarrangements inamolecule of compound YZ
2
.Which one of the following pairs of elements could be Y and Z? XYAargon neonBcalcium fluorine  Ccarbon oxygen  Doxygen hydrogen  Esulphur chlorineExample 2Example 3Example 2Exercise1What is the total number of sharedelectrons in the ethene molecule?A6D12
 
B8E16  C10 2In which of the following pairs do theelements form a compound by sharingelectrons? Acarbon and chlorine Blithiumand iodine  Cneon and oxygen Dpotassium and bromine 

Activity (112)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
Namisi Geoffrey added this note
the information is good. thanks
qalanis liked this
Fyqa Husni liked this
Kogi Lan liked this
Dice Each liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->