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Chemical Bond III

Chemical Bond III



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Published by MalaysiaBoleh

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Published by: MalaysiaBoleh on Mar 19, 2008
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Chemical Bond III
Covalent Bonding
Covalent bonds
are formed by atoms
sharing electrons
to form
.This type of bond usually formed between
two non-metallic elements.
The molecules might be that of an
element ie one type of atom
only ORfrom
different elements
chemicallycombined to form a
The covalent bonding is caused by themutual electrical attraction between thetwo positive nuclei of the two atoms of the bond, and the electrons between them.4.
single covalent bond
is a sharing of 
1 pair of electrons
, two pairs of sharedelectrons between the same two atomsgives a double bond and it is possible fortwo atoms to share 3 pairs of electronsand give a triple bond.
Examples of Covalent Bond
Chlorine phosphorusoxygencarbon dioxidenitrogenTetrachloro-methaneHydrogensulfur dioxideNumber of Covalent bonds depends on howmany pairs of electron been shared.Number of electronExample and type of covalentbond1 pairtype of covalent bond
2 pairtype of covalent bond
3 pairtype of covalent bond
Example of covalent bondSingle BondChlorine Water
 2Ammonia TetrachloromethaneDouble BondOxygen Carbon Dioxide
 3Triple BondPredicting The Molecular FormulaNon-metal element that bond togetherElement X valency Element YvalencyMolecularFormulaGroup IV Group VIIGroup IV Group VIGroup V Group VIIGroup VI Group VIIExample 1The diagram below shows the electronarrangements inamolecule of compound YZ
.Which one of the following pairs of elements could be Y and Z? XYAargon neonBcalcium fluorine  Ccarbon oxygen  Doxygen hydrogen  Esulphur chlorineExample 2Example 3Example 2Exercise1What is the total number of sharedelectrons in the ethene molecule?A6D12
B8E16  C10 2In which of the following pairs do theelements form a compound by sharingelectrons? Acarbon and chlorine Blithiumand iodine  Cneon and oxygen Dpotassium and bromine 

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