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The Meaning of the Convolution_vibration

The Meaning of the Convolution_vibration

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Published by: jeyaselvanm on Jun 26, 2014
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06/26/2014

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Convolution by Mauro Caresta 1
The meaning of the Convolution
This note aims to explain the meaning of the Convolution between two functions. The convolution of two functions ()
 x
and ()
h
is defined as: ()()()
 ftxht
η η η 
−∞
=
 To understand the meaning of the convolution we can break it down into the following steps: 1)
 
 x
 and
h
 are given as function of a dummy variable
η 
 2)
 
Transpose of the functions: ()()
hh
η η 
 3)
 
Add an offset
 which allows ()
h
 η 
to slide along the
η 
 axis in the right direction. 4)
 
The value at a fixed
 x
is given by the area of the curve resulted by the product of the two functions()()
 x
 xh
η η 
, i.e. ()()()
 xx
 ftxht
η η η 
−∞
=
 
 
Convolution by Mauro Caresta 2 Example 1 Shown in the following simple example is the convolution of two identical windows, note that in this case ()()
hh
η η 
=
. Here the amplitude is A=1, then the value of the convolution is exactly the intersection area between the two curves.
 
()
 x
 
()
h
 
()()()
 ftxth
=
 
1
 
2
 
3
 
4
 
1
 
2
 
3
 
4
 B/2 A AB B -B/2 -B
t t t

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