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Acute Pancreatitis

Acute Pancreatitis

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Published by al yves roman
Acute Pancreatitis

Pancreas is a heterocrine gland, both an exocrine portion. It is found in the abdominal cavity inferior to the stomach. Its head is surrounded by the curve of the duodenum and the tail extends over to the spleen. It composes of the islets of Langerhans, tissue of the pancreas that produces hormones, which has four kinds of cell identified: A-cells, which produce glucagons (helps the conversion of glycogen to glucose and raises blood sugar); B-cells, which produce insulin (lo
Acute Pancreatitis

Pancreas is a heterocrine gland, both an exocrine portion. It is found in the abdominal cavity inferior to the stomach. Its head is surrounded by the curve of the duodenum and the tail extends over to the spleen. It composes of the islets of Langerhans, tissue of the pancreas that produces hormones, which has four kinds of cell identified: A-cells, which produce glucagons (helps the conversion of glycogen to glucose and raises blood sugar); B-cells, which produce insulin (lo

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Published by: al yves roman on Nov 25, 2009
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01/01/2013

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Acute Pancreatitis
 
 
Pancreas is a heterocrine gland, both an exocrine portion. It isfound in the abdominal cavity inferior to the stomach. Its head issurrounded by the curve of the duodenum and the tail extends over to thespleen. It composes of the islets of Langerhans, tissue of the pancreasthat produces hormones, which has four kinds of cell identified: A-cells,which produce glucagons (helps the conversion of glycogen to glucoseand raises blood sugar); B-cells, which produce insulin (lowers bloodsugar); D-cells, which produce somatostatin (growth hormone-inhibitinghormone that suppress the release of other hormones form the pancreasand hormones of the digestive tract and reduces the rate at whichtriglyceride are absorbed from the intestine after a fatty meal); and F-cells,which produce PP or pancreatic peptide (inhibits the release of digestivesecretions of the pancreas abuse of such organ like excessive alcoholintake and salty foods may lead to a serious life-threatening condition of the pancreas.) (
 Anatomy and Physiology by Shirley Burke p 467-468 
).
 
 
Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory process of the pancreas. Itcaused by a premature activation of pancreatic enzyme that destroy ductaltissue and pancreatic cells, resulting in auto digestion and fibrosis of thepancreas. Its severity depends on the extent of inflammation and tissuedestruction. It may range from mild involvement evidenced by edema andinflammation to NHP or necrotizing hemorrhagic pancreatitis (
Medical Surgical Nursing 5th ed. by Ignatavicius p 1402-1403
).To know more about this disease, this case study includes the following:Normal anatomy and physiologyRisk factors and pathophysiologyPhysical Assessment and review of systemDiagnostic testsPharmacology or medicationsNursing Care PlansMedical-Surgical ManagementDischarge Plan and Health Education Plan; andPrognosis

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