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THEFUTURETENSES,THEORYANDPRACTICE

THEFUTURETENSES,THEORYANDPRACTICE

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Published by Virginia Jb

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Published by: Virginia Jb on Jun 26, 2014
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06/26/2014

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IES LA ARBOLEDA
 
2º BACHILLERATO
THE EXPRESSION OF THE FUTURE
1.- FUTURE SIMPLE: - “ The weather forecast says
it will rain
 tomorrow” (Predicción de futuro) - “ I forgot to call him yesterday. I
will call
 him right now” (acción futura no  planeada y que decido en el mismo momento de hablar). 2.- TO BE GOING TO: -“
We are going to
 meet at the disco tomorrow”.- (acción futura ya planeada; intención) -“ Those clouds are very dark. I think
it’s going to rain
( hay evidencias externas que  permiten saber casi con toda seguridad que algo va a pasar. Llamado futuro inmediato) 3.- PRESENT CONTINUOUS: -
We are meeting
 at the disco tomorrow”. Acción futura planeada y de alguna manera ya gestionada o tramitada ( a bit more certain than To be going to) 4.- PRESENT SIMPLE: -
 
“My train
leaves
 at three o’clock tomorrow morning” ( horarios y programaciones  pre-establecidos) -
 
I must get to the bank before it
closes
”. ( acciones futuras con oraciones temporales introducidas por conjunciones como
 after, as, when, as soon as, before,  by the time, until.)
5.- FUTURE CONTINUOUS: -
 
“ Andrew can’t go to the party.
He’ll be working
 all day tomorrow” ( acción que estará sucediendo en el futuro) 6.- FUTURE PERFECT - “ By this time next year
I will have paid
 all the money back to the bank and
We will have found
 a new place to live in”. 7.- WAS/ WERE GOING TO: -
 
I was going to
 iron the clothes but I didn’t have any time” ( expresa una intención en el pasado; a menudo la acción no se llegó a hacer. Es una forma muy habitual para poner excusas) 8.- OTHER STRUCTURES FOR THE FUTURE: - “In 200 years
there will be
 spaceships instead of cars and
there won’t be
 any  pollution” (futuro del impersonal there is/ there are) - “ The plane is at the end of the runway
. It’s about to
 take off” (estar a punto de..) - “She is very angry and
she is on the point of 
 leaving the meeting” ( estar a punto de) -
 
I’m likely to
 go to OBK’s concert (to be likely + Infinitive= ser probable) -
 
Sheila will
probably
 go to university. -
 
When
you grow up
, then you will realise how wrong you are! (Modo subjuntivo) 9.- WHEN? Conjunciones:
AFTER, BEFORE, ONCE, AS SOON AS, BY THE TIME, WHEN, UNTIL Adverbios: TOMORROW, TOMORROW MORNING, NEXT, IN + time expression. THIS TIME + Adv.
 
THE FUTURE.-
PRACTICE: 1.-
Place yourself in the future ( next summer, next year, in 10 years, next weekend, etc) and write 5 things
you will be doing
 then. Write the time reference too. 1.- 2.- 3.- 4.- 5.-
2
.- Write five sentences by saying what
you will have done
 in a specific time in the future. 1.- 2.- 3.- 4.- 5.- Write your predictions about the world in 50 years. Use the structure
There will be/ There will not be
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. THE SUBJUNCTIVE .- Translate into English. 1.- Cuando te canses, descansa un rato.  _____________________________________________________________________2.- ¿ Por qué no me llamas una vez que tu avión aterrice?  _____________________________________________________________________3.- El torneo empieza el jueves a las 10  ____________________________________________________________________ 4.- Antes de que te cuenta, ha pasado un año  _____________________________________________________________________
 

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