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Surah Zalzala

Surah Zalzala

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Published by: Bibliothèque Islamique - Islamic Bookshelf on Jun 26, 2014
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06/26/2014

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Asalaam alaikum Warahmatulah Wabarakatuh
Surah Zalzala [99]  – Dream Student Notes – Nouman Ali Khan 
There were 3 doubts the deniers had
1
! "ow #an the world end a$ter ha%in& been e'istant $or so lon&(
2
 ! "ow #an e%er)thin& that we do in li$e be written and re#orded in the minutest o$ details(
3
! *%en i$ a +ud&ement did o##ur, we ha%e inter#essors -an&els, saints et#. to hide behind between us and Allah(This is the /s)#holo&) o$ Shirk -asso#iatin& /artners [with Allah]. be#ause a /erson ma) do whate%er he wants o$ disobedien#e to Allah, but then he wants to hide behind someone #lose to Allah to /rote#t him $rom Allah0s an&er1 This /erson will e%en tr) to /lease and o%er/raise that inter#essor, so that the inter#essor will inter#ede in $a%our o$ his #ase in the #ourt o$ Allah1 2ittle do these /eo/le know that Allah will $or&i%e who "e wills on that Da), and this is the sin that Allah does not $or&i%e -o$ shirk.1This surah remo%es those doubts, as we will see inshaa0 Allah [od willin&]1The Surah is short -onl) 4 aa)aat5%erses lon&.1The $irst /art o$ the surah e'/lains how the world will #ome to an endA)ah 67
 لازل
 
ضرا
 
تلزل
 
اذإ
! Zalzala is re/eated twi#e in the $irst a)ah5%erse1Zalzala is a 8 root lettered word1 Some s#holars -ie1 a&hib al :s$ahani. sa) 8 letter words #ome $rom a 3 root lettered word, in this #ase Zalzala #omes $rom Zal!la [-
#&

1604
 ! za,lam,lam], but it has 8 letters $or em/hasis1Zal!la -
ل
. means ! to sli/ -ie1 i$ )ou walk, and )ou sli/.1
2in&uisti#;ira#le1blo&s/ot1#om2iterar);ira#le1word/ress1#om
 
When 
zal-la (
 ز
) is repeated
 -ta<rar la$dhi., it be#omes
 Zalzala
, so its re/etition means -ta<rar ma0nawi. 0
repeated slipping
01So )es,
Zalzala = Earthquake
 in arabi# lan&ua&e, but its e$$e#ts are #ontinuous $allin& and sli//in& o$ ob+e#ts due to instabilit)1So when Allah sa)s
Idhaa zulzilatil arddu..
1 :t im/lies that the earth will be#ome hea%il) shaken, be#omin& unstable $or humans and an)thin& on it -the earth. on that da) -=ud&ment Da).1Similarl) Allah sa)s in surah "a++
ميظع
 
ء
! "
ع
 
 $
 لا
 "
لزل
 %$
 إ
 
م
 
 '($
ر
 
ا
)*+$
ا
 ,
 
 -$
لا
 
 
 ./ .
>a a)uhal naas itta<oo rabakum, ina zalzat!ass!saa0ati sha)0un 0azeem -oh mankind, /rote#t )oursel%es5$ear [
a
q
oo
] )our ;aster -rabakum., surel) the %iolent shakin&5instabilit) [
zalzalah]
 o$ the hour is a &reat thin&1
 2
 ر
 '(
م
 3 5  2
 ر
 ' ,
 
 
 -$
لا
 7+5
Wa taran!naasa sukaaraa wa maa hum bi sukaaraa1The da) when )ou will see /eo/le drunk -into'i#ated5hi&h., but the) will not be drunk1A /erson will tri/ o%er himsel$, unable to kee/ balan#e, shake), in a daze when drunk, and also do the same when an earth<uake is ha//enin&1 :n both situations, the human is out o$ their mind, almost insane1
 لازل
 
ضرا
 
تلزل
 
اذإ
:dhaa zulzilatil arddu zilzaalaha1When the earth shakes %iolentl) -as it should., a terrible shakenin&1*arth<uakes des#ribed in the ?uran #an be o$ man) di$$erent t)/es
Raj-ja
-or Tar+ee+.7
violent jerk/sudden
 and une'/e#tedl)1
2in&uisti#;ira#le1blo&s/ot1#om2iterar);ira#le1word/ress1#om
 
Rajaf 
 ! this is used to des#ribe somethin& whi#h #han&es the state o$ somethin& normal1 :e1 i$ )ou throw a stone in water, and ri//les are #aused1 @r i$ )ou hold a sheet o$ #loth $rom one side and shake it, wa%es are #aused so the ori&inal state is #han&ed1 Allah uses this word to des#ribe the h)/o#rites1-
 "-.89
لا
 : %);<79
لا
 
al murjifoona fil madinah
 [Ahzab 337B] ! be#ause the) #aused disturban#e in the /ea#e o$ the ;uslims in ;adinah.1
 لازل
 
ضرا
 
تلزل
 
اذإ
:dhaa zulzilatil arddu zilzaalaha1When the earth shakes %iolentl) -as it should., a terrible shakenin&1The Ce&innin& o$ Surah ZalzalaThe be&innin& o$ Surah Zalzala is #ommentin& on the be&innin& o$ the endin& -ie1 o$ the end o$ the world and =ud&ement.1 :n the endin& o$ the /re%ious surah -Ca))inah. it was talkin& about the end o$ the end -$inal destinations o$ the belie%ers and disbelie%ers i1e1 hell and /aradise.1 Al Ci#a0i sa)s7 the word
Idhaa/izaa
 .-
اذإ
. [
When
] ! is used to remind /eo/le o$ somethin& im/ortant that will without a doubt ha//en -in the $uture. whi#h /eo/le #ontinuousl) $or&et1 [/ast tense $or 0when0 is :dh5iz -
ذإ
., and idhaa -
اذإ
. is $uture tense1]C) sa)in& idhaa -
اذإ
., Allah has made =ud&ement Da) a realit) be#ause "e is sa)in&
'When it happens (for sure in the future)'.
 Zulzilat 
 
تلزل
 
! /assi%e $orm, ie1
hen the earth is shaken
1"e didn0t mention "imsel$ shakin& the earth1 Whenassi%e tense is used in arabi#, it im/lies that its eas) to do that without mu#h e$$ort $rom the doer1 Eit will &et doneE im/lies its eas) to do1 Wheras
 !i ill do it!
im/lies
'it ill take me some effort' 
1
2in&uisti#;ira#le1blo&s/ot1#om2iterar);ira#le1word/ress1#om

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