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Push and Pull Factors Towards and Against a Common European Migration Policy

Push and Pull Factors Towards and Against a Common European Migration Policy

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Published by IFRI
Sarah Toucas, décembre 2008, Document de travail du séminaire : ' Quels sont les coûts de la non-régularisation des migrants en situation irrégulière ' , première réunion (29 octobre 2008) du Dialogue anglo-français sur les régularisations et le codéveloppement
Sarah Toucas, décembre 2008, Document de travail du séminaire : ' Quels sont les coûts de la non-régularisation des migrants en situation irrégulière ' , première réunion (29 octobre 2008) du Dialogue anglo-français sur les régularisations et le codéveloppement

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Published by: IFRI on Jun 26, 2014
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12/28/2014

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PUSH AND PULLFACTORSTOWARDS AND AGAINST ACOMMONEUROPEAN MIGRATION POLICY:
FRANCE, BRITAIN, AND THEIR APPROACH TOIRREGULAR MIGRATION
Sarah Toucas
December 2008
Note de l’IfriNote de l’Ifri
Migrations, Identities, Citizenship
 
The Institut Français des Relations Internationales (Ifri) is a researchcenter and a forum for debate on major international political andeconomic issues. Headed by Thierry de Montbrial since its foundingin 1979, Ifri is a non-governmental and a non-profit organization. As an independent think tank, Ifri sets its own research agenda,publishing its findings regularly for a global audience.Using an interdisciplinary approach, Ifri brings together political andeconomic decision-makers, researchers and internationallyrenowned experts to animate its debate and research activities.With offices in Paris and Brussels, Ifri stands out as one of the rareFrench think tanks to have positioned itself at the very heart of European debate.
The opinions expressed in this text are the responsibility of theauthor alone
.ISBN: 978-2-86592-439-4© All rights reserved, Ifri, 2008
I
FRI
27
RUEDELA
P
ROCESSION
75740 P
 ARIS
C
EDEX
15 - F
RANCE
T
ÉL
. : 33 (0)1 40616000F
 AX
: 33 (0)1 406160 60Email: ifri@ifri.org
IFRI
-
BRUSSELSRUEMARIE
-
THÉRÈSE
, 21 1000 - B
RUSSELS
, B
ELGIUM
T
ÉL
. : 00 + (32) 2 238 51 10Email: bruxelles@ifri.org
WEBSITE
:www.ifri.org
 
 
1 © Ifri
Contents
I
NTRODUCTION
...............................................................................................2
 
W
HAT IRREGULARITY
?
..................................................................................4
 
The administrative construction of irregularity....................................4
 
Terminology matters...............................................................................5
 
N
UMERICAL SIGNIFICANCE VS
.
POLITICAL SIGNIFICANCE
?
........................6
 
H
OW IS IRREGULAR MIGRATION ADDRESSED CURRENTLY
?
.......................8
 
Security-based approach........................................................................8
 
Information and border control measures..........................................9
 
Return and detention........................................................................10
 
Regularisation...................................................................................12
 
Intergovernmental approach................................................................13
 
Power competition............................................................................13
 
Migrants as an asset.........................................................................14
 
 A
T WHAT COST  ARE CURRENT IRREGULAR MIGRATION POLICIES IMPLEMENTED
?
...........15
 
Costs for migrants.................................................................................16
 
Victims of trafficking..........................................................................16
 
 Asylum seekers and refugees..........................................................17
 
Costs for the EU.....................................................................................18
 
R
EFERENCES
...............................................................................................20
 

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