P – axis with scales ----1T – points plotted accurately ------ 1B – shape of line – smooth, single curve ------1(b) Explain the observed reduction in the length of the egg white strip. [3 marks]· Increasing the pH value of the medium will decrease the action of enzyme Q on egg white.· The optimum pH of enzyme Q is 2.· Enzyme Q works at its maximum rate at this pH/ At this pH, the reduction of length of the eggwhite strip is the greatest(c) A type of herbicide was sprayed on the weed plants to control their population. The herbicidecauses the proteins and ATPase enzyme in the cell to denature. Explain the effect of thisherbicide in the transportation process of potassium ions in weed plants. [3 marks]· The active sites of the carrier proteins and ATPase enzyme are denatured / destroyed.· Potassium ion cannot bind with carrier protein· Potassium ion is not transported into the cells of the weed plants/ No active transport ofpotassium ions.· No energy / ATP produced /availableQuestion 3:Mitosis and meiosis are a phenomenon in the cell cycle which happens gradually andcontinuously. The figure shows two cells taken from different parts of the flowering plantCell A is taken from the anther while cell B is taken from the root tip.(a) What are the differences between the importance of cell division in Cell A and Cell BCell B to increase number of cell / growth /repair damage tissue whereas cell A to producehaploid gameteCell B involves in asexual reproduction whereas cell A involves in sexual reproductionCell B maintain the number of chorosome whereas in cell A the chromosome number in daughtercell is haploidIn cell B, the genetic content of chromosome is identical to parents cell, but in cell A there is avariation in genetic contents.[3 marks](b) Suggest a technique that can produce plants with the same good characteristics in a shortperiod of time. Briefly explain the technique which you have mentioned[4 marks]· Tissue culture technique / invitro technique· Suitable pH, use of sterile instruments and a correct balance of nutrients. [Conditions for thesuccess of this technique ]· The piece of cell or explants is cultured in a conical flask containing a suitable culture mediumfor growth, for example, a culture containing growth hormones.