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2 Ringed flyer

2 Ringed flyer

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Published by Powerhouse Museum
This paper plane is a twist on the traditional paper plane. Using 2 paper loops and a straw you can create a plane that will fly a surprisingly long way. We explore the importance of wing shapes, aerodynamics and resistance in this fun activity for kids.
This paper plane is a twist on the traditional paper plane. Using 2 paper loops and a straw you can create a plane that will fly a surprisingly long way. We explore the importance of wing shapes, aerodynamics and resistance in this fun activity for kids.

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Published by: Powerhouse Museum on Jun 27, 2014
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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11/28/2014

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500 Harris St UltimoPO Box K346 Haymarket NSW 1238 Australia Tel: 02 6217 0111http://play.powerhousemuseum.com This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
 THE CRAFT TABLE
Make & Do Activity Kit 
2 Ringed flyer
In this activity we do an interesting twist on the paper plane where we use rings for wings and a straw for the fuselage! You’ll be amazed at how far it can fly!
 Time:
 
15 minutes
Difficulty:Hints:
 
Be careful not to crease the paper  rings while building your flyer or it won’t fly properly.
Print out the template page. Cut out the shortest strip marked A. Bring both ends together to form a ring by overlapping the dotted line. Stick together with sticky
1.
Repeat step 1 with the longer strip marked B.
2.
Put one end of the straw inside the small ring (A) as shown. Attach together with sticky tape.
3.
Repeat with the larger ring (B) so that your flyer looks like our photo.
4.
Place a paper clip at the bottom of the small ring by inserting it into the straw.
5.
Fly your 2 ringed flyer by holding it in the middle of the straw with the small ring at the front. Throw it as  you would throw a spear.
6.
template
scissors
paper glue
sticky tape
paper clip
 A4 coloured paper 
What you will need:
 
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Page 2
500 Harris St UltimoPO Box K346 Haymarket NSW 1238 Australia Tel: 02 6217 0111http://play.powerhousemuseum.com This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
 THE CRAFT TABLE
Make & Do Activity Kit 
2 Ringed flyer
What’s going on? 
Different wings for different  jobs
So can we call your 2-ring flyer a plane? It looks weird but it glides through the air surprisingly well. That’s because the rings act like wings. Things that fly—like insects, birds, and aeroplanes—all have wings. But wings are not all the same shape and size as you have just found out. Different wings can be better for different kinds of flight. For example, an albatross has long, wide wings that help it glide.
 Air resistance
With our 2-ring flyer the two different sized rings helped to keep the straw balanced as it flew. The big ring creates “drag” (or air resistance) which helps keep the straw level while the smaller ring at the front kept your flyer from turning off course.
Stability 
 You may have also noticed that the flyer does not turn over even though the rings are heavier than the straw. This is because objects of different weight generally fall at the same speed, the hoop will keep its “upright” position.
What else can i do? 
If you would like to experiment with your 2-ring flyer here are some other things you can try.
 Try throwing just a straw
Does it fly further or less than a 2-ring flyer? This demonstrates the importance of wings for flight.
Remove the paper-clip
 How well does it fly now? The paper clip is what is known as “ballast” and changes where the “centre of gravity” is on the flyer. You can try finding this centre of gravity by finding what point along the straw you can balance the flyer on a finger. Does the centre of gravity change with or without a paperclip? What happens when you add a second paper clip?
 Vary the wing size
When we tested our flyer we came up with ring sizes we found were an “optimum” size for your flyer to fly the furthest. Try adjusting the size of your front ring and see how well it can fly. We found that when our rings were of equal size or the front ring was larger the flyer didn’t fly very well at all. A smaller ring we also found had shorter flights. How do your own results compare?
 Vary the straw length
 The straw acted as the “fuselage” or body of the plane. Try making a really long flyer with two straws. You can do this by cutting a little slit at the end of one straw and pinch it so it fits inside the other straw, and then tape them together. Using the same ring sizes, does the flyer go further than the single straw flyer or not? You might like to experiment to find the optimum size rings for the 2-straw 2-ring flyer. Also, is there an optimum number of straws you can use in a ring flyer?
 
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