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Essay on Geometry

Essay on Geometry

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Published by ardeshirmehta

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: ardeshirmehta on Nov 25, 2009
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01/15/2013

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E
SSAY
:
O
N
G
EOMETRY
(With Particular Reference to the Theory of Relativity)
 by
 Ardeshir Mehta
414 Kintyre PrivateCarleton SquareOttawa, ON K2C 3M7
C
ANADA
ardeshirmehta@myself.com
Started 
Thursday, December 13, 2001
 Finalised 
February 4, 2002
© Ardeshir Mehta
 
C
ONTENTS
I
MPORTANCE OF
G
EOMETRY
..........................................................................1E
XACTLY
W
HAT
 I 
 
G
EOMETRY
?....................................................................1L
IMITATIONS OF
D
EFINITIONS
........................................................................2D
EFINITIONS
I
MPLICIT IN
O
THER 
D
EFINITIONS
.................................................2D
EFINITIONS WHICH
C
ONTRADICT
O
THER 
D
EFINITIONS
.....................................3L
IMITATIONS OF
D
EFINITIONS
........................................................................3L
OGIC AS THE
B
ASIS OF
A
LL
M
ATHEMATICS
(I
 NCLUDING
G
EOMETRY
)..................4L
OGIC
VS 
.
 
S
YMBOLIC
L
OGIC
............................................................................4D
EFINITIONS
 N
EEDED FOR 
G
EOMETRY
 — E
UCLID
S
D
EFINITIONS
.......................5D
EFINITIONS
 N
EEDED FOR 
G
EOMETRY
 — O
UR 
P
RELIMINARY
D
EFINITIONS
..........6P
OSITION
M
UST BE
I
MMOVABLE
......................................................................6C
RUCIAL
I
MPORTANCE OF A
“S
TRAIGHT
L
INE
IN
G
EOMETRY
............................7D
EFINITION OF
“D
IMENSION
.........................................................................7S
OME
P
ROPOSITIONS
 N
EEDED FOR 
G
EOMETRY
..................................................8S
OME
C
OROLLARIES OF THE
A
BOVE
.................................................................9“N
ON
-E
UCLIDEAN
” G
EOMETRIES
....................................................................9S
TRAIGHT
L
INE
............................................................................................9P
OSTULATE OF
IGIDITY
..............................................................................10E
XAMINATION OF THE
G
EOMETRY OF
C
URVED
S
PACES
.....................................11A
TTEMPTS AT
C
ONSTRUCTING
A
LTERNATIVE
D
EFINITIONS OF
“S
TRAIGHT LINE
”.12A
 NOTHER 
D
EFINITION OF
“S
TRAIGHT LINE
”....................................................12T
HE
D
EFINITION OF
“D
IMENSION
”..................................................................13 N
ECESSITY OF THE
C
ONCEPTS OF
B
OTH
“D
IMENSION
AND
“S
TRAIGHT
L
INE
”......14S
TUDIOUS
A
VOIDANCE OF THE
W
ORD
“S
TRAIGHT
”...........................................14L
OBACHEVSKY
S
G
EOMETRY
.........................................................................15T
OPOLOGY
I
 NCLUDED IN
O
RDINARY
G
EOMETRY
..............................................16E
UCLID
S
P
OSTULATE OF
P
ARALLELS
.............................................................17A
RITHMETICAL AND
A
LGEBRAIC
I
 NTERPRETATION OF
G
EOMETRY
.....................17“I
F
… T
HEN
” A
RGUMENTS
............................................................................18A
 N
I
 NTERPRETATION OF
G
EOMETRY IS NOT
G
EOMETRY
...................................19T
HE
M
EANING OF A
S
ET OF
S
YMBOLS
.............................................................19T
HE
M
EANING OF
G
EOMETRY
........................................................................20M
EANING AND
L
OGIC
...................................................................................20T
HE
G
EOMETRY OF
M
INKOWSKI
“S
PACE
-T
IME
..............................................21M
INKOWSKI
“S
PACE
-T
IME
” I
 NCOMPATIBLE WITH THE
C
ONCEPT OF
M
OTION
......22
 
E
SSAY
: O
N
G
EOMETRY
This edition finalised on February 4, 2002Page 3
 b    y
 
 d  e s i  M e t   a
ELATIVITY OF
S
IMULTANEITY
.....................................................................22E
INSTEIN
S
“T
RAIN
” T
HOUGHT
-E
XPERIMENT
C
ONTRADICTS THE
P
OSTULATE OFTHE
C
ONSTANCY OF THE
S
PEED OF
L
IGHT
.......................................................23I
MPOSSIBILITY OF THE
P
OSTULATE OF THE
C
ONSTANCY OF THE
S
PEED OF
L
IGHT TOBE
C
ORRECT
................................................................................................24“T
RICKS
” P
LAYED BY
G
EOMETRY
..................................................................25“R 
EALITY
IN THE
C
ONTEXT OF
G
EOMETRY
...................................................26S
TRAIGHT
VS 
.
 
C
URVED
P
ATHS
........................................................................26E
INSTEIN
S
“E
LEVATOR 
” T
HOUGHT
-E
XPERIMENT
...........................................27T
HE
“E
LEVATOR 
” T
HOUGHT
-E
XPERIMENT
W
ITH A
T
WIST
...............................28T
HE
“P
RINCIPLE OF
ELATIVITY
”..................................................................29T
HE
T
HEORY OF
ELATIVITY AS A
P
URELY
G
EOMETRICAL
E
XERCISE
..................30T
HE
T
HEORY OF
ELATIVITY
F
ALLS
F
LAT WHEN
P
HYSICAL
P
ROPERTIES ARE
I
 NTRODUCED INTO IT
...................................................................................31A
BSOLUTE
EST
..........................................................................................32T
HREE
D
IFFERENT
INDS OF
M
OVEMENT
........................................................32T
HE
P
RINCIPLE OF
ELATIVITY
 D
 EMANDS 
THE
E
XISTENCE OF A
S
TATE OF
A
BSOLUTE
EST
..........................................................................................33L
OGICAL
I
MPOSSIBILITY OF THE
E
XISTENCE OF AN
I
 NFINITE
U
 NIVERSE
...............34W
HY
A
BSOLUTE
EST HAS NOT
Y
ET
B
EEN
D
ISCOVERED
....................................34T
HE
I
MPORTANCE OF NOT
F
ALLING INTO
T
RAPS
..............................................34A S
ET OF
P
OSTULATES AND
D
EFINITIONS FOR 
ODERN 
 
G
EOMETRY
...................35
Declaration.................................................................................................................................35Postulates...................................................................................................................................35Definitions..................................................................................................................................36
C
ONCLUSION
...............................................................................................36C
OMMENTS
.................................................................................................39

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