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ZigBee is a low-power wireless technology, rewriting the wireless sensor equation. It is a secure network technology that rides on top of the recently ratified IEEE 802.15.4 radio standard. It is designed to interact with the remote controlled devices, which are put under a single standardized control interface that can interconnect into a network. Once associated with a network, a ZigBee node can wake up and communicate with other ZigBee devices and return to sleep.
Zigbee\u2019s key technical features include three license free frequency bands- 2.4GHz, 868MHz, 915MHz;multiple channels; up to 100mts range; CSMA- CA channel access; low power, long battery life; supporting up to 255devices per network.
Zigbee is used in home security systems where wireless sensors are easily installed than sensors that need wiring. The same is true in industrial environments, where wiring typically accounts for 80% of the cost of sensor installations. And then there are applications for sensors where wiring isn't practical or even possible. ZigBee promises to put wireless sensors in
everything from factory automation systems to home security systems to consumer electronics.
The network name comes from the zigzagging path a bee (a data packet) takes to get from flower to flower (or node to node). The technique that honeybees
communicate newfound food sources to other members of the colony is referred to as the ZigBee Principle. Using this silent, but powerful communication system, whereby the bee dances in a zigzag pattern, they are able to share information such as the location, distance, and direction of a newly discovered food source to her fellow colony members.
worldwide, including 2.4GHz (global), 902 to 928MHz (Americas), and 868MHz (Europe). Raw data throughput rates of 250Kbps can be achieved at 2.4GHz (16 channels), 40Kbps at 915MHz (10 channels), and 20Kbps at 868MHz (1 channel). The transmission distance is expected to range from 10 to 75m, depending on power output and environmental characteristics. Like Wi- Fi, Zigbee uses direct-sequence spread spectrum in the 2.4GHz band, with offset-quardrature phase-shift keying modulation. Channel width is 2MHz with 5MHzchannel spacing. The 868 and 900MHz bands also use direct- sequence spread spectrum but with binary-phase-shift keying modulation
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