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Analysis Converter Buck Boost

# Analysis Converter Buck Boost

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11/26/2012

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Buck-boost Converter3-3-1 Circuit diagram and key waveforms
RRLCRLC
(b)
L
(c)(a)
DCIRF150VgVg
+
v
L

-
i
i
L
i
D

-
v
o
+
i
o

-
v
o
++
v
L

-+
v
L

--
v
o
+
C
AB
i
L,min
i
L,max
tt
v
o

v
o
t(1-D)TDT
i
L,min
i
L,max
i
L

-V
o
/R
i
L
t
V
g
- V
o

v
L
i
D

(d)
i
c

t
Figure 3-3
(a) Buck-boost converter (b) switch on for a time duration
DT
(c) switch off for atime duration
(1-D)T
(d) key waveforms.

3-3-2 Circuit description and operationCircuit description
. The three basic dc-dc converters use a pair of switches, usually onecontrolled (eg. MOSFET) and one uncontrolled (ie. diode), to achieve unidirectional power flow from input to output. The converters also use one capacitor and one inductor to storeand transfer energy from input to output. They also filter or smooth voltage and current.The dc-dc coverters can have two distinct modes of operation: Continuousconduction mode (CCM) and discontinuous conduction mode (DCM). In practice, aconverter may operate in both modes, which have significantly different characteristics.Therefore, a converter and its control should be designed based on both modes of operation.However, for this course we only consider the dc-dc converters operated in CCM.
Circuit Operation
. When the switch is on for a time duration
DT
, the switch conducts theinductor current and the diode becomes reverse biased. This results in a positive voltage
v
L
=
g
across the inductor. This voltage causes a linear increase in the inductor current
i
L
. Whenthe switch is turned off, because of the inductive energy storage,
i
L

continues to flow. Thiscurrent now flows through the diode, and
v
L
= -
o

for a time duration
(1-D)T
until the switchis turned on again.
3-3-3 Analytical expressions for
g o
,
L
, and
v
o

The circuit is operating in the steady state
The circuit is operating in the CCM
The capacitor is large enough to assume a constant output voltage
The component are idealEquating the integral of the inductor voltage over one time period to zero (Volt-second balance) yields
0)1()( 0
000
=×+× =+=
∫ ∫ ∫
D DT  dt vdt vdt v
o g  L L L
off on

g o
D D
=
1 or
D D
g o
=
1 Assuming a lossless circuit,
P
g
=
P
o
,Therefore
oo g  g
I  I
=
And

D D I  I
o g  g o
)1(
==
For a buck-boost converter, it is obvious that
o g  L
I  I  I
+=
0
L DT  L L
v Ldt v Li
==
∫

DT  L
g
×=
1 From
i
L
we can obtain
i
L,min
and
i
L, max
2
min,
L L L
i I i
=
2
max,
L L L
i I i
+=
To obtain the average inductor current, we can use this relationship
Lo D
I  D I  I
)1(
==
Therefore
R D D I  I
oo L
)1()1(
==
(2-14)
The peak-peak output voltage ripple,
v
o
.
From the information of the capacitor current,
i
c
, we can obtain
v
o
.

DT  Ri Ldt ivv
occco
××====
∫
DT  Rv
oo
××=
1