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1999 a szent landzsa az urartui kulturaban

1999 a szent landzsa az urartui kulturaban

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Published by: BuhályAttila on Nov 26, 2009
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F IA T A L M IS K O L C I T \u00d6 R T \u00c9 N \u00c9 S Z E K
F O L Y \u00d3 IR A T A
Ill. \u00e9 v fo ly a m
1999. 1. sz\u00e1m
-
U graiJ\u00e1nos:M a rc z a li H e n rik t\u00f6 rt\u00e9 n e t\u00edr\u00e1 s a , k \u00fc l\u00f6 n \u00f6 s te k in -
te tte l a h a z a i fe lv il\u00e1 g o s u lt a b s z o lu tiz m u s \u00e9 r t\u00e9 k e l\u00e9 s \u00e9 r e
-
B e re c z k i
\u00c1 g n e s :K \u00eds \u00e9 r le t a L a M a g d e le in e b a r la n g d o m -
b o rm u v e in e k \u00e9 rte lm e z \u00e9 s \u00e9 re
-
B u h \u00e1 ly A ttila :A"s z e n t l\u00e1 n d z s a " a z u ra rtu i k u lt\u00fa r\u00e1 b a n
-
L e n g y e lG y\u00f6rgy:M e g je g y z \u00e9 s e k a fe ls o - p a le o litik u m
g e o -
m e tr ik u s m ik r o litja ih o z
-
S z itk a S z a b o lc s :A z \u00e9 g ite s te k h e z fu z o d o h ie d e lm e k \u00e9 s
s z o k \u00e1 s o k
-
Fazekas Csaba:U n a tk o z \u00f3 h o n a ty \u00e1 k ra jz a i 1 8 4 4 -b o l
-
K o n c z A ttila :A t\u00f6 r t\u00e9 n e ti s z o c io lin g v is z tik a
m in t a t\u00f6 rt\u00e9 n e -
le m s e g \u00e9 d tu d o m \u00e1 n y a
-
T \u00f3 th
P \u00e9 te r:C ig \u00e1 n y t\u00f6 rt\u00e9 n e t-ro m a t\u00f6 rt\u00e9 n e le m
-
K r \u00f3 n ik a
i
-
S z e m le
-
A d a tt\u00e1 r
I
B U H \u00c1 L Y A T T IL A
A " s z e n t l\u00e1 n d z s a "
a z u ra rtu i k u lt\u00fa r\u00e1 b a n
,

M ir c e a E lia d e s z e r in t e m b e r n e k le n n i a z t je le n ti: v a ll\u00e1 s o s n a k le n n i.1 K \u00fc l\u00f6 n \u00f6 s k \u00e9 p p a z a z a r - c h a ik u s e m b e r s z \u00e1 m \u00e1 r a , a k i m in d e n e m b e r i m e g n y ilv \u00e1 n u l\u00e1 s n a k s z e n ts \u00e9 g i \u00e9 r t\u00e9 k e t tu la jd o n \u00edt. A z a r c h a ik u s e m b e r n e m te s z e g y l\u00e9 p \u00e9 s t s e m \u00fa g y , h o g y n e tu d n \u00e1 , a z t a l\u00e9 p \u00e9 s t m \u00e1 r e lv \u00e9 g e z - te " in illo te m p o re " e g y te re m to , c iv iliz \u00e1 to r is te n s \u00e9 g . S z e n ts \u00e9 g i \u00e9 rt\u00e9 k e v a n s z \u00e1 m \u00e1 ra a v a d \u00e1 - s z a tn a k , a z e le jte tt v a d n a k , e g y s z ik l\u00e1 n a k , a n \u00f6 v \u00e9 n y z e tn e k , a z e lv \u00e9 g z e tt m u n k \u00e1 n a k .. O e s z e n ts \u00e9 g i \u00e9 rt\u00e9 k e v a n e g y l\u00e1 n d z s \u00e1 n a k , m in t h a j\u00edt\u00f3 fe g y v e rn e k is .

A z e m b e r le g o s ib b ta p a s z ta la ta a z id o b e \u00e9 s t\u00e9 r b e v a l\u00f3 b e z \u00e1 r ts \u00e1 g .
2A k \u00f6 z e lih e z ,a " c iv i-

liz \u00e1 lth o z " , p o z it\u00edv h o z k \u00e9 p e s t a t\u00e1 v o li fo k o z a to s a n n e g a t\u00edv v \u00e1 , tito k z a to s s \u00e1 , " d \u00e9 m o n iv \u00e1 " k e z d v \u00e1 ln i. Ily e n h e ly z e tb e n a l\u00e1 n d z s a \u00e9 s a n y \u00edl a z \u00c9 g \u00e9 s a F \u00f6 ld \u00f6 s s z e k \u00f6 t\u00e9 s \u00e9 t, \u00e1 tj\u00e1 r h a t\u00f3 s \u00e1 g \u00e1 t, a t\u00e9 r le g y o z \u00e9 s \u00e9 t k e z d i e l s z im b o liz \u00e1 ln i. A z e ld o b o tt l\u00e1 n d z s a a z a d o tt te r \u00fc le t m e g h \u00f3 d \u00edt\u00e1 s \u00e1 n a k , v ir tu \u00e1 lis a n a te r \u00fc le t \u00fa jj\u00e1 te r e m t\u00e9 s \u00e9 n e k s z im b \u00f3 lu m \u00e1 v \u00e1 k e z d v \u00e1 ln i. A l\u00e1 n d z s a le s z to v \u00e1 b b \u00e1 a z

" a x is m u n d i" ,a v il\u00e1 g fa je lk \u00e9 p e .3

M in d e z e k a tu la jd o n s \u00e1 g o k m in t \u00e1 lta l\u00e1 n o s e m b e r i je lle m z o k je le n tk e z n e k . K \u00fc l\u00f6 n f\u00e9 le k u l- tu r \u00e1 lis h a t\u00e1 s o k k \u00f6 v e tk e z m \u00e9 n y e k \u00e9 n t a z o n b a n b iz o n y o s n \u00e9 p e k n \u00e9 l, k \u00f6 z \u00f6 s s \u00e9 g e k n \u00e9 l e g y e s m o - t\u00edv u m o k t\u00fa ls \u00fa ly b a k e r \u00fc lh e tn e k m \u00e1 s o k r o v \u00e1 s \u00e1 r a . M \u00e1 s e le m e k d o m in \u00e1 ln a k p \u00e9 ld \u00e1 u l e g y n o - m a d iz \u00e1 l\u00f3 , \u00e1 lla tte n y \u00e9 s z to t\u00e1 r s a d a lo m b a n , m in t a v \u00e1 r o s o k b a n . U g y a n a k k o r a k \u00fc l\u00f6 n b \u00f6 z o k u ltu - r \u00e1 lis e le m e k v iz s g \u00e1 la ta e lo s e g \u00edth e ti a d o tt \u00e1 lla m o k e r e d e t\u00e9 n e k r e k o n s tr u \u00e1 l\u00e1 s \u00e1 t.

A r\u00e9 g \u00e9 s z e ti s z a k iro d a lo m n \u00e9 g y d a ra b o ly a n u ra r1 u i l\u00e1 n d z s a h e g y ro l tu d , a m e ly e k e ls o - s o rb a n je le n to s e lt\u00e9 r\u00e9 s t m u ta t\u00f3 m \u00e9 re te ik k e l tu n n e k k i a t\u00f6 b b i, " n o rm \u00e1 lis n a k " m o n d h a t\u00f3 l\u00e1 n - d z s a h e g y k \u00f6 z \u00fc l:

1 . T o p r a k K a le le lo h e ly e n 4 1 9 5 9 - b e n fe d e z te fe l B . \u00d6 g \u00fc n e z e n le le tc s o p o r t e g y ik p \u00e9 l-
d \u00e1 n y \u00e1 t. A k \u00f6 z \u00f6 lt r a jz o k a la p j\u00e1 n a v a s b \u00f3 l k \u00e9 s z \u00fc lt l\u00e1 n d z s a h e g y t\u00f6 r e d \u00e9 k h o s s z a m in te g y
8 0 c m le h e te tt.5
2 . 1 9 6 9 -b e n a ~ a v u ~ te p e -i te m p lo m 6 \u00e9 s z a k i fo ly o s \u00f3 j\u00e1 n a k fe lt\u00e1 r\u00e1 s a k \u00f6 z b e n a z \u00e1 s a t\u00f3 , A .
E rz e n7 e g y 6 4 c m h o s s z \u00fa v a s l\u00e1 n d z s a h e g y e tf e d e z e tt fe l.
3 . 1 9 7 0 -b e n a B a s ta m e ro d j\u00e9 t8 fe lt\u00e1 r\u00f3 n \u00e9 m e t r\u00e9 g \u00e9 s z e k t\u00e1 rt\u00e1 k fe l a z t a k b . 4 1 ,5 c m
h o s s z \u00fa \u00e9 s 2 1 ,3 c m s z \u00e9 le s s \u00e9 g u l\u00e1 n d z s a h e g y e t (1 . \u00e1 b ra ), a m e ly e b b e a t\u00edp u s b a s o ro lh a -
t.9
o .
4 . A z e lo b b i le lo h e ly e n 1 9 7 2 - b e n is ta l\u00e1 lta k e g y e t e b b o l a l\u00e1 n d z s a h e g y - t\u00edp u s b \u00f3 l. E n n e k
m \u00e9 re te i: 3 2 ,8 c m h o s s z \u00fa
\u00e9 s 1 6 c m s z \u00e9 le s (2 . \u00e1 b ra )1 0
1E lia d e , M .: V a ll\u00e1 s i
eszm \u00e9k
\u00e9 s h ie d e lm e k
t\u00f6 rt\u00e9 n e te .
1 . B p ., 1 9 9 4 . (to v \u00e1 b b ia k b a n :
E lia d e ,
1 9 9 4 .)
7. p.
2E lia d e , 1 9 9 4 . 1 1 . p . A fe g y v e re k
(l\u00e1 n d z s \u00e1 k ,
n y ila k )
m in t s z im b \u00f3 lu m o k
a z \u00f6 s k o ri v a d \u00e1 s z t\u00e1 rs a d a lm a k ra
je lle m -
z\u00f6k, de a k\u00e9sobbi korok
h a rc o s a i,
h \u00f3 d lt\u00f3 i
is , e g \u00e9 s z e n
a k \u00e1 r a m o n g o lo k ig ,
a tip ik u s
v a d \u00e1 s z
s z im b o lik \u00e1 j\u00e1 t
\u00e9 s
id e o l\u00f3 g i\u00e1 j\u00e1 t
h o rd o z z \u00e1 k .
V \u00f6 .E lia d e ,
1 9 9 4 .
37. p.
3E lia d e , M :
N o te s o n th e s y m b o lis m
o f th e A rro w .
In :N e u s n e r,
J . (e d .):
R e lig io n s
in A n tiq u ity .
L e id e n
,1 9 6 8 .
4 6 3 -4 7 5 .
p . F \u00f6 le g
a n y il s z im b o lik \u00e1 j\u00e1 v a l
fo g la lk o z ik ,
d e a l\u00e1 n d z s a
is t\u00f6 lth e t
b e h a s o n l\u00f3
s z e re p e t.
4
H a u p tm a n n , H . e t a l.:T o p o g ra p h is c h e K a rte v o n U ra rtu . In : A rc h a e o lo g is c h e M itte ilu n g e n a u s Ira n . E rg a n -
z u n g s b a n d
3 . (to v \u00e1 b b ia k b a n :
H a u p tm a n n .)
9 . 2 . p . R u s a h in ili,
a k \u00e9 s \u00f6 b b i k ir \u00e1 ly i r e z id e n c ia .
D ia k o n o ff,
I . M
-
K a s h k a i,
S .M :
G e o g ra p h ic a l
N am es
A c c o rd in g
to Urartian
T e x ts .
In : R e p e rto ire
G e o g ra p h iq u e
d e s T e x te s
C u n e ito rm e s .
IX . W ie s b a d e n ,
1 9 8 1 .(to v \u00e1 b b ia k b a n :
D ia k o n o ff-K a s h k a i,
1 9 8 1 .) 7 4 . p .
5\u00d6 g\u00fcn,
B .:K u rz e
G e s c h ic h te
der Ausgrabungen
V a n
u n d
d ie t\u00fc r k is c h e n
V e rs u c h s g ra b u n g e n
a u td e m
T o p ra k
K a le
1 9 5 9 .
In : Z e its c h rift
d e r D e u ts c h e n
M o r g e n la n d is c h e n
G e s e lls c h a ft,
1 9 6 1 .
2 5 4 -2 8 2 .
p .,T a t. Ill. A l\u00e1 n -
d z s a h e g y r\u00f6 l:
280. p.
6 H a u p tm a n n .
1 0 .7 .
p . S a r d u r ilh in ili.
7E rz e n ,A .:c ;a v u :? te p e .1 .A n k a ra , 1 9 7 8 .
6H a u p tm a n n .2 9 . 1 2 . p .; R u s a i U R U .T U R . D ia k o n o ff-K a s h k a i,
1 9 8 1 .7 4 . p .
9K le is s ,
W
(e d .):B a s ta m . 1 .A u s g ra b u n g e n in d e n u ra rta is c h e n A n la g e n 1 9 7 2 -1 9 7 5 . In : T e h e ra n F o rs c h u n g e n
B d . 4 . B e rlin , 1 9 7 9 . (to v \u00e1 b b ia k b a n :K leiss (ed .),1 9 7 9 .) 1 8 3 . p ., A b b . 1 .
1 0K le iss (e d .),1 9 7 9 . 1 8 4 . p ., A b b . 2 .
-2 7 -
B u h \u00e1 ly
A ttila
E z e k e n a t\u00e1 rg y a k o n
k \u00edv \u00fc l re n d e lk e z \u00e9 s \u00fc n k re
\u00e1 ll m \u00e9 g e k \u00fc l\u00f6 n \u00f6 s
m \u00e9 re tu
l\u00e1 n d z s a h e g y
k \u00e9 p i
m e g je le n \u00edt\u00e9 s e is . A
m a i E v o g lu fa lu
h a t\u00e1 r\u00e1 b a n
k e r\u00fc lt e l\u00f6 e g y K r.e . 8 -7 . s z \u00e1 z a d b a n
\u00e9 p \u00edta tt
u ra l\u i e r\u00f6 d ro m ja it\u00f3 l n e m
m e s s z e e g y r e lie ft\u00f6 r e d \u00e9 k . E z e g y s z a k \u00e1 lla s a la k o t \u00e1 b r \u00e1 z o l, a m in t
jo b b j\u00e1 b a n e g y l\u00e1 n d z s a h e g y e t, b a lj\u00e1 b a n p e d ig e g y k e c s k e g id \u00e1 t ta r t ( 3 . \u00e1 b r a ) .1 1
1 . \u00e1 b ra
- - 1
1 .L
L
. ~
'o
1 ..1 . l
I
-t--.L L -
o
~ O
2 .{)
"''''''
2 . \u00e1 b ra
--P -.l-L .L f-..l-L .L L I-'-.L L
-
o
. r
.fc )
c # v v
3 . \u00e1 b ra
1 1P io tr o v s z k ij, B .B .: K a rm ir-B lu r. 1 :. E re v a n ,1 9 5 2 . (to v \u00e1 b b ia k b a n :P io tr o v s z k ij,1 9 5 2 .) 5 4 . p .
-2 8 -

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