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TC 31-93.3 Threat Force Paramilitary and Nonmilitary Organization and Tactics

TC 31-93.3 Threat Force Paramilitary and Nonmilitary Organization and Tactics

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Published by manuals&manuals
This manual is one of a series that describes a contemporary THREAT FORCE
training for U.S. Army Special Operations Forces units. Together, these manuals
outline a Generic THREAT FORCE that can cover the entire spectrum of military
capabilities against which the Army Special Forces must train to ensure success
in any future conflict.
This manual is part of the TC 31-93 series that describes a contemporary
THREAT FORCE that exists for the purpose of training U.S. Special Operations
Forces for potential combat operations. This manual also describes paramilitary
forces thatunlike a State’s internal security forcesare not part of a
government structure. These include insurgents, terrorists, large-scale drug and
criminal organizations, and private security organizations. They may operate
independently or become affiliated with the State’s military or paramilitary
forces.
This manual also deals with other, nonmilitary entities that are not part of a
government and fall under the category of noncombatants. These
nongovernment, nonmilitary elements may include multinational corporations,
international humanitarian relief organizations, media, small drug and criminal
elements, and other civilians on the battlefield.
When a major extraregional power, such as the United States, becomes involved
in a region, it may have to deal with any or all of these types of paramilitary and
nonmilitary elements. It might encounter these elements individually or, more
likely, in combination with other such elements or with the military forces of a
regional power. Whether these elements operate in concert or independently,
they are an important part of the contemporary operational environment (COE).
This manual is one of a series that describes a contemporary THREAT FORCE
training for U.S. Army Special Operations Forces units. Together, these manuals
outline a Generic THREAT FORCE that can cover the entire spectrum of military
capabilities against which the Army Special Forces must train to ensure success
in any future conflict.
This manual is part of the TC 31-93 series that describes a contemporary
THREAT FORCE that exists for the purpose of training U.S. Special Operations
Forces for potential combat operations. This manual also describes paramilitary
forces thatunlike a State’s internal security forcesare not part of a
government structure. These include insurgents, terrorists, large-scale drug and
criminal organizations, and private security organizations. They may operate
independently or become affiliated with the State’s military or paramilitary
forces.
This manual also deals with other, nonmilitary entities that are not part of a
government and fall under the category of noncombatants. These
nongovernment, nonmilitary elements may include multinational corporations,
international humanitarian relief organizations, media, small drug and criminal
elements, and other civilians on the battlefield.
When a major extraregional power, such as the United States, becomes involved
in a region, it may have to deal with any or all of these types of paramilitary and
nonmilitary elements. It might encounter these elements individually or, more
likely, in combination with other such elements or with the military forces of a
regional power. Whether these elements operate in concert or independently,
they are an important part of the contemporary operational environment (COE).

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Published by: manuals&manuals on Nov 26, 2009
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THREAT FORCEPARAMILITARY ANDNONMILITARYORGANIZATIONS ANDTACTICS
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTIONDistribution authorized to US government agencies only to protect technical or operationalinformation from automatic dissemination under the International Exchange Program orby other means. This determination was made on 7 March, 1990. Other requests for thisdocument will be referred to Commander, US Army John F. Kennedy Special WarfareCenter and School, ATTN: ATSU-DT-PDM, Fort Bragg, NC 28307-5000.DESTRUCTION NOTICEDestroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents or reconstruction of thedocument.
TC 31-93.3
*TC 31-93.3Headquarters Department of the Army, 7 February 2003
 
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY TRAINING CIRCULAR
 
i
TC 31-93.3
Training Circular HeadquartersNo. 31-93.3 Department of the Army
Threat ForceParamilitary and NonmilitaryOrganizations and Tactics
Contents
Page
PREFACE
..................................................................................................................iii
INTRODUCTION
......................................................................................................ivi
Chapter 1 REGIONAL AND GLOBAL FRAMEWORK
............................................................1-1Paramilitary and Nonmilitary Organizations.............................................................1-1War and Armed Conflict...........................................................................................1-2Nature of the Conflict...............................................................................................1-3Basic Principles of Paramilitary Organizations........................................................1-4Principles Versus Adversary of Greater Power.......................................................1-8The Role of Paramilitary Forces in Operations of the State’s Armed Forces........1-16
Chapter 2 GENERAL PARAMILITARY TACTICS
..................................................................2-1Offense ....................................................................................................................2-1Defense....................................................................................................................2-5Information Warfare Activities..................................................................................2-5Intelligence Activities................................................................................................2-9
Chapter 3 INSURGENT ORGANIZATION AND TACTICS
.....................................................3-1Types and Roles......................................................................................................3-1Insurgent Environment.............................................................................................3-2Strategy....................................................................................................................3-3Organization.............................................................................................................3-7Tactics....................................................................................................................3-14Information Warfare...............................................................................................3-24Intelligence.............................................................................................................3-26Logistics Support ...................................................................................................3-28
 
TC 31-93.3_______________________________________________________________________________ ii
Sources of Support................................................................................................3-30
Chapter 4 TERRORIST ORGANIZATION AND TACTICS
......................................................4-1Types of Terrorist Groups........................................................................................4-1Terrorist Motivation..................................................................................................4-2Terrorist Environment ..............................................................................................4-4Organization.............................................................................................................4-4Terror Tactics, Methods, and Means.....................................................................4-12Information Warfare...............................................................................................4-27Intelligence.............................................................................................................4-27Support ..................................................................................................................4-28
Chapter 5 INTERNAL SECURITY FORCES
...........................................................................5-1Ministry of the Interior ..............................................................................................5-1Command and Control...........................................................................................5-19Operations and Tactics..........................................................................................5-20Recruitment and Training ......................................................................................5-22Uniforms and Equipment.......................................................................................5-22
Chapter 6 DRUG AND CRIMINAL ORGANIZATIONS
............................................................6-1Similarities................................................................................................................6-1Motivation.................................................................................................................6-1Threats.....................................................................................................................6-2Organization.............................................................................................................6-2Activities.................................................................................................................6-13Mutual Interests .....................................................................................................6-16
Chapter 7 NONCOMBATANTS
...............................................................................................7-1Types of Noncombatants.........................................................................................7-1Information Warfare.................................................................................................7-7Exploiting Noncombatants.......................................................................................7-7

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