10. Glass block skylightTurkish bathhouse, Iznic, TurkeyOttoman period12. Library, Exeter AcademyExeter, New HampshireLouis Kahn, 196811. Open Air School, Amsterdam, NetherlandsJohannes Duiker, 1930
The Sun School is designed to maximize naturallighting through it’s primary orientation to the south.The use of skylights over the entry spine, atrium, library,and greenhouse, clerestory windows in the gym, fullglazing areas on the south facade, extension of thelaboratories and classrooms to the outdoor decks andpond, and significant glazing on the North facade allcontribute to natural lighting. A student is thusconnected to the outdoors in being able to see thepond, the sky, and the hills in the distance. Studentscan stretch beyond the confines of the classroom togain a perspective and reflect on what they are doing.They can make a connection to the naturalenvironment. The Architecture of the Sun Schoolpermits and encourages this connection. Inside theschool sunlight striking the atrium wall through thephotovoltaic skylight, and producing light and shadowsfrom the south facing doors can provide visual andtactile delight.The outdoor decks on the southern edge of thebuilding offer not only natural light but total exposureto the outdoors. They are a forum for relaxing,socializing, reading, and directly observing the naturalenvironment. They are a direct extension of the indoorclassrooms. From here the weather, bird behaviorand migration patterns, freezing and thawing, and theeffects of sunlight on the pond, can be studied. Thelaboratory students and the art students cancollaborate, lab students collecting specimens fromnature, and art students sketching, drawing andpainting them. The pond and the hills can also makewonderful subjects to draw or paint.Hopper and clerestory windows on the school’snorth facade admit natural light to the north facingclassrooms, including the Octagonal classroom.Trellis areas on the decks, at the pond terminus of theentry spine, and at the pond perimeter provide shadedplaces to sit, socialize and observe nature. The indoorplaza, entry spine steps, and the first floor atrium sittingareas provide a more climatically controlled, but stilldynamic, place to be. All these places help create asense of community in the school. The indoor plazain particular can be a central gathering place for thestudents and faculty, as well as community membersattending daytime or evening events in the gymnasiumor multipurpose room.we use for electric lighting, and can therefore decreaseour impact on the natural environment.