Nepali SongsMedieval Era Newari Music developed and flourished during this era. The Malla kings were known for their interest in arts. Drama created during those era are accompanied by music. Many of the guthis of Kathmandu valley have their origin in this era. These guthis maintain themusical genres established during that era. Dāpā music, a type of Newari bhajan is believed to have originated in this era.Modern HistoryThe modern history is a very short one. At times when big and private music companieswhere mushrooming the Western cities, Kathmandu got its first radio station, Radio Nepal in the year 1952. Since then Radio Nepal has expanded to become the dominantradio station all over the country, which helped in the uprising of many key figures in thefield, notably Shiva Shankar, Natikaji, Narayan Gopal, Arun Thapa Magar (also knownas Arun Thapa) , Dharma Raj Thapa, Jhalak Man Gandarva, and in the female arena KoiliDevi Mathema, Tara Devi, Aruna Lama.Those music genres which have roots in Nepal can be considered as indigenous Nepalesemusic. This includes:- Newar MusicMain article: Newari MusicKhas MusicIn the Khas society traditionally, castes like Damai, used to play a number of instrumentsfor occasions such as marriage. However, with many villages now having television,radio and even a local FM station, such accounts are declining gradually. The minstrels,gaine, used to play instruments like Sarangi but even the Gaine are declining in number.A special type of Khas music called Deuda is played in Far West and Mid West.Deuda MusicDeuda is one type of music having variety of genre including Thadi Bhakha, Raheri andother, presented in western region of Nepal. Specially this type of music present in Sudur paschim, and many regions of madhya-paschim.Gurung MusicThe Gurung have a very rich tradition of music and culture. Gurungs have an ancienttradition of Rodhi where young people meet, sing and dance to folk songs, and share their views. Young men and women at Rodhi often sing call-and-response songs called dohori,which are largely improvised. Some musical dances like Ghantu and Chudka are still inexistence, and are still performed in many Gurung villages. These dances are manyhundreds of years old, and are performed either solo or in a group. Music also plays a bigrole in the Gurung ritual of Argum, which is performed when someone in the communitydies.