Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword or section
Like this
3Activity

Table Of Contents

0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
RL33741_06_25

RL33741_06_25

Ratings: (0)|Views: 2,585 |Likes:
Published by samlagrone
RL33741_06_25
RL33741_06_25

More info:

Published by: samlagrone on Jun 30, 2014
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/09/2014

pdf

text

original

 
 
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress
Ronald O'Rourke
Specialist in Naval Affairs  June 25, 2014
Congressional Research Service
7-5700 www.crs.gov RL33741
 
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress
Congressional Research Service
Summary
A total of 20 Littoral Combat Ships (LCSs) have been funded through FY2014. The Navy had  been planning to procure an eventual total of 52 LCSs, but on February 24, 2014, Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel announced that “no new contract negotiations beyond 32 ships will go forward” and that the Navy is to submit “alternative proposals to procure a capable and lethal small surface combatant, generally consistent with the capabilities of a frigate. I’ve directed the  Navy to consider a completely new design, existing ship designs, and a modified LCS.” LCSs have been procured since FY2010 under a pair of 10-ship, fixed-price incentive (FPI) block  buy contracts that the Navy awarded to the two LCS builders—Lockheed and Austal USA—on December 29, 2010. Under these contracts, which cover the years FY2010-FY2015, four LCSs (numbers 21 through 24) were to be requested for procurement in FY2015. The Navy’s proposed FY2015 budget, however, requests funding for the procurement of three rather than four LCSs, suggesting that one of the two LCS block buy contracts will not be fully implemented in its final year. The Navy’s request for three rather than four LCSs in FY2015 and Hagel’s February 24 announcement that “no new contract negotiations beyond 32 ships will go forward” and that the  Navy is to submit “alternative proposals to procure a capable and lethal small surface combatant, generally consistent with the capabilities of a frigate” raise several potential oversight issues for Congress, including the Navy’s plan for determining which of the two LCS builders would receive one LCS in FY2015 rather than two, and the analytical basis for the actions affecting the LCS program announced by Hagel on February 24. The LCS is a relatively inexpensive Navy surface combatant equipped with modular “plug-and-fight” mission packages for countering mines, small boats, and diesel-electric submarines,  particularly in littoral (i.e., near-shore) waters. Two very different LCS designs are being built. One was developed by an industry team led by Lockheed; the other was developed by an industry team that was led by General Dynamics. The Lockheed design is built at the Marinette Marine shipyard at Marinette, WI; the General Dynamics design is built at the Austal USA shipyard at Mobile, AL. The LCS program has been controversial due to past cost growth, design and construction issues with the lead ships built to each design, concerns over the ships’ survivability (i.e., ability to withstand battle damage), and concerns over whether the ships are sufficiently armed and would  be able to perform their stated missions effectively. Prior to Secretary Hagel’s February 24, 2014, announcement, some observers, citing one or more of these issues, had proposed truncating the LCS program. In response to criticisms of the LCS program, the Navy has acknowledged certain  problems and stated that it was taking action to correct them, disputed other arguments made against the program, and (until Hagel’s February 24, 2014, announcement) maintained its support for completing the planned program of 52 ships.
 
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress
Congressional Research Service
Contents
Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 1
 
Background ...................................................................................................................................... 1
 
The Program in General ............................................................................................................ 1
 
The LCS in Brief ................................................................................................................. 2
 
Planned Procurement Quantities ......................................................................................... 2
 
Two LCS Designs ................................................................................................................ 3
 
Two LCS Shipyards ............................................................................................................ 5
 
LCSs in Service ................................................................................................................... 5
 
Mission Package Deliveries Initial Operational Capability (IOC) Dates ............................ 5
 
Manning and Deployment ................................................................................................... 6
 
Unit Procurement Cost Cap ................................................................................................. 6
 
Acquisition Cost .................................................................................................................. 7
 
Operation and Support (O&S) Cost .................................................................................... 9
 
Major Program Developments Prior to February 24, 2014, DOD Announcement of Actions Affecting LCS Program .......................................................................................... 11
 
Growth in Sea Frame Procurement Costs ......................................................................... 11
 
2007 Program Restructuring and Ship Cancellations ........................................................ 11
 
2009 Down Select Acquisition Strategy (Not Implemented) ............................................ 11
 
2010 Dual-Award Acquisition Strategy (Implemented) .................................................... 12
 
Changes in Mission Package Equipment .......................................................................... 13
 
2012 Establishment of LCS Council ................................................................................. 14
 
Controversy and Proposals to Truncate the Program ........................................................ 14
 
February 24, 2014, DOD Announcement of Actions Affecting LCS Program ....................... 15
 
February 24, 2014, Address and Background Briefing ..................................................... 15
 
February 24, 2014, Memorandum to Navy Leadership .................................................... 16
 
Earlier Press Reports That DOD Was Considering Truncating Program .......................... 17
 
 Navy Work to Identify Ship to Follow 32 LCSs ..................................................................... 17
 
 Navy Testimony and Letter ............................................................................................... 17
 
Press Reports ..................................................................................................................... 21
 
FY2015 LCS Program Funding Request ................................................................................. 26
 
Issues for Congress ........................................................................................................................ 26
 
Oversight Issues Arising from Request to Procure Three Rather Than Four LCSs in FY2015 ................................................................................................................................. 26
 
Oversight Issues Arising from DOD’s February 24, 2014, Announcement ............................ 27
 
Potential Oversight Questions Relating to Figure of 32 Ships .......................................... 28
 
Potential Oversight Questions Relating to Follow-On Ship Generally Consistent With Capabilities of A Frigate ........................................................................................ 28
 
Generalized Arguments For and Against Truncating LCS Program ................................. 29
 
Should There Be a Down Select to a Single LCS Design After the 24
th
 Ship? ....................... 34
 
Should Procurement of LCS Sea Frames and Mission Modules Be Slowed Until Operational Testing Is More Complete? ............................................................................... 34
 
Technical Risk in LCS Program .............................................................................................. 40
 
Sea Frame .......................................................................................................................... 40
 
Mission Packages .............................................................................................................. 44
 
Defense-Acquisition Policy Lessons of LCS Program ............................................................ 47
 
Legislative Activity for FY2015 .................................................................................................... 48
 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->