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Harry Potter1

Harry Potter1

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Published by katyayanianshu

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Published by: katyayanianshu on Nov 26, 2009
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 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
is the first novel in the
serieswritten byJ. K. Rowlingand featuringHarry Potter , a youngwizard. It describes how Harry discovers he is a wizard, makes close friends and a few enemies at the HogwartsSchool of Witchcraft and Wizardry,and with the help of his friends thwarts an attemptedcomeback by the evil wizardVoldemort, who killed Harry's parents and tried to killHarry when he was one year old.The book was published on 30 June 1997 byBloomsburyin London, and in the UnitedStates under the title
 Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone
byScholastic Corporation in 1998. It won most of the UK book awards that were judged by children, and other awardsin the USA. The book reached the top of the 
 list of best-selling fiction inAugust 1999, and stayed near the top of that list for much of 1999 and 2000. It has beentranslated into several other languages and has been made into afeature-length film of the same name.Most reviews were very favourable, commenting on Rowling's imagination, humour,simple, direct style and clever plot construction, although a few complained that the finalchapters looked rushed. The writing has been compared to that of Jane Austen, one of Rowling's favourite authors, of Roald Dahl, whose works dominated children's stories before the appearance of Harry Potter, and of the Ancient Greek story-teller Homer .  While some commentators thought the book looked backwards to Victorian andEdwardian boarding schoolstories, others thought it placed the genre firmly in themodern world by featuring contemporary ethical and social issues.
 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
, along with the rest of the
 Harry Potter 
series,has been attacked by several religious groups and banned in some countries because of accusations that the novels promotewitchcraft. However, some Christian commentatorshave written that the book exemplifies important Christian viewpoints, including the power of self-sacrifice and the ways in which people's decisions shape their personalities.Educators regard
 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
and its sequels as an
 
important aid in improvingliteracybecause of the books' popularity. The series has also been used as a source of object lessons ineducational techniques, sociological analysis  and marketing.
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Synopsis
Plot
Just before the start of the novel,Voldemort, the most powerful evil wizard in livingmemory, killed Harry's parents but mysteriously vanished after trying to kill Harry.While thewizarding worldis celebrating Voldemort's downfall,Professor Dumbledore, Professor McGonagall andHagridplace the one year-old orphan in the care of his Muggle(non-wizard) aunt and uncle,Vernon and Petunia Dursley. For ten years, they and their son Dudley treat Harry as a drudge andwhipping boy.  Shortly before Harry's eleventh birthday, a series of letters arrive, addressed to Harry butdestroyed by his uncle before Harry can read them. As a result, a torrent of letters pour into the house through every opening, however small, and to escape this, Vernon Dursleytakes the family to a lonely island. As they are settling in, Hagrid bursts through the door to tell Harry what the Dursleys have kept from him: Harry is a wizard and has beenaccepted at Hogwarts for the next year.
 
Hagrid takes Harry toDiagon Alley,a magically-concealedshopping precinctin London, where Harry is bewildered to discover how famous he is among wizards as "the boy wholived." He also finds that in the wizarding world he is quite wealthy, since a bequest fromhis parents has remained on deposit at Gringotts Bank .Guided by Hagrid, he buys the  books and equipment he needs for Hogwarts - and finds that the only wand that workswell for him is effectively the twin of Voldemort's.A month later, Harry leaves the Dursleys' home to catch theHogwarts ExpressfromKing's Cross railway station. There he is befriended by the Weasley family, who show him how to pass through the magical wall toPlatform 9¾,where the train is waiting. While on the train Harry makes friends withRon Weasley, who tells him that someonetried to rob a vault at Gringotts. Another new pupil, Draco Malfoy, accompanied by his beefy sidekicks Crabbe and Goyle, offers to advise Harry, but Harry dislikes Draco'sarrogance and prejudices.Before the term's first dinner in the school's Great Hall, the new pupils are allocated tohousesby the magicalSorting Hat. The Hat assigns most pupils instantly – particularly when sending Draco, Crabbe and Goyle toSlytherin  – but has atelepathicdiscussion with Harry about whether the boy's ambition would make Slytherin the best choice for him. When Harry silently but vehemently objects, the Hat sends him to join the WeasleysinGryffindor . While Harry is relaxing after dinner, Professor Snape glares at him and he feels a stab of pain in the scar Voldemort left on his forehead.After a traumatic firstPotions lesson with Snape, Harry and Ron visit Hagrid, who lives in a rustic house on the edge of theForbidden Forest. There they learn that the attemptedrobbery at Gringotts happened around the time that Harry was withdrawing some money,and Harry remembers Hagrid leaving the bank with a small package.During the new pupils' first flying lesson, Neville Longbottombreaks his wrist and Dracotakes advantage to throw the forgetful Neville's fragileRemembrallhigh in the air. Harrygives chase on his broomstick , catching the Remembrall inches from the ground.Professor McGonagall dashes out and appoints him as Gryffindor's newSeeker .
Draco tricks Ron and Harry into a midnight excursion, and Neville and the bossyHermione Granger  accompany the pair to keep them out of trouble. All four accidentallyenter a forbidden corridor and find a room containing a hugethree-headed dog.The group beats a hasty retreat, and only Hermione notices that the dog is standing over atrap-door. Harry concludes that the monster guards the package Hagrid retrieved fromGringotts.After Ron criticizes Hermione's ostentatious proficiency inCharms, she hides in tears inthe girls' toilet.Professor Quirrellreports that atrollhas entered thedungeons. While everyone else is evacuating the building, Harry and Ron rush to warn Hermione. The trollcorners Hermione in the toilet but, while Harry stabs it with his wand, Ron knocks out thetroll with its own club, using thelevitationspell Hermione demonstrated in Charms.

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