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Published by: api-19497174 on Nov 27, 2009
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Introduction to political science
October 9th
Political Science belongs to social sciences
Why are social sciences recent? (the end of the 19th century)
Phenomena which caused the appearance of the social sciences:
1) The Industrial Revolution (communication, social mobility, education,
2) Scientism = the idea that society and the human being can be understood
3) Individualism - we are free as individuals as long as we do not interfere in the
freedom of others
4)Development of academic institutions - libraries, printing press, scientific

Causes of the appearance of the Political Science:
1) The possibility of political participation - the common folk has political rights =

2) Development of modern administration = the increase in administrative institutions and employees (=civil servants, white collars) => centralization, unification of all issues related to administration (i.e. there is only one body who can raise taxes). Police is part of the administration.

3) The separation between the discipline of economy and the study of political

- thinking/ writing about political phenomena is old; what changes is the 19th century: new institutions, new tools, methods, objects; the old is introduced in the discipline under the name of "political thought"

Institutionalization in the US:
-1880 - University of Columbia - the School of Political Science
-1886 - University of Columbia - first political scientific journal: The Political

Science Quarterly
-1983 - The American Political Science Association (APSA)
-1986 - The American Political Science Review Journal (belongs to the APSA)
-most studied topics in the 20s: Government, Public Administration

The World War II was beneficial for Political Science => the American Political Science is a developed discipline, autonomous, undisputed, mostly because of the technology and the storing information technique.

-behaviourism (1950)
- political behaviours
Lasswell (!)
-1932 - Literary Digest magazine - questionnaire for voting preferences &
estimations were close to the actual results
-polls, interviews

Traditional study of politics:
-political philosophy
-Thomas d'Aquino

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