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Us Army Fm 3-22.9 (23-9) Marksmanship m16a1, m16a2-3, m16a4, & m4

Us Army Fm 3-22.9 (23-9) Marksmanship m16a1, m16a2-3, m16a4, & m4

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FM 3-22.9(FM23-9)

RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP
M16A1, M16A2/3, M16A4,
AND M4 CARBINE

APRIL 2003
HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
*FM 3-22.9(FM 23-9)
FIELD MANUAL
HEADQUARTERS
No. 3-22.9 (23-9)
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
Washington, DC, 24 April 2003
RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP
M16A1, M16A2/3, M16A4 and M4 CARBINE
CONTENTS
Page
PREFACE...........................................................................................................................v
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION AND TRAINING STRATEGY
Section
I. Training Overview................................................................................1-1
1-1.
Objectives................................................................................. 1-1
1-2.
Training Strategy...................................................................... 1-1
1-3.
Training Phases......................................................................... 1-3
Section
II. Marksmanship Training Strategy......................................................... 1-5
1-4.
Mission-Essential Tasks........................................................... 1-5
1-5.
Training Assessment................................................................. 1-5
1-6.
Basic Program Implementation................................................ 1-6
1-7.
Training the Trainer.................................................................. 1-6
1-8.
Duties of the Instructor-Trainer................................................ 1-7
1-9.

Trainer Certification Program................................................... 1-7 1-10. Qualification Training..............................................................1-9 1-11. Unit Live-Fire Exercises......................................................... 1-10 1-12. Commander\u2019s Evaluation Guide............................................. 1-11

CHAPTER 2. CHARACTERISTICS, AMMUNITION, AND ACCESSORIES
2-1.
Characteristics........................................................................... 2-1
2-2.
Rail Adapter System................................................................. 2-9
2-3.
Rail Grabbers and MILES Training Extender........................ 2-12
2-4.
Backup Iron Sight................................................................... 2-14
2-5.
M68, Close-Combat Optic...................................................... 2-15
2-6.
AN/PAQ-4B/C Infrared Aiming Light................................... 2-17
2-7.
AN/PEQ-2A Target Pointer/Illuminator/Aiming Light.......... 2-19
2-8.
AN/PAS-13 (V2) Medium Thermal Weapon Sight and
AN/PAS-13 (V3) Heavy Thermal Weapon Sight................... 2-22
2-9.

AN/PVS-4 Night Vision Sight................................................ 2-23 2-10. Borelight.................................................................................2-25 2-11. Ammunition Types and Characteristics.................................. 2-26

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
__________________________
*This publication supersedes FM 23-9, 3 July 1989.
i
FM 3-22.9
Page
CHAPTER 3. TROUBLESHOOTING AND DESTRUCTION
3-1.
Stoppages.................................................................................. 3-1
3-2.
Malfunctions............................................................................. 3-2
3-3.
Destruction Procedures............................................................. 3-7
CHAPTER 4. PRELIMINARY RIFLE INSTRUCTION
(PHASE I of Basic Rifle Marksmanship)
Section
I. Introduction to Basic Rifle Marksmanship and Mechanical Training . 4-1
4-1.
Clearing..................................................................................... 4-2
4-2.
Cycles of Functioning............................................................... 4-3
4-3.
Modes of Fire............................................................................ 4-8
4-4.
Peer Coaching......................................................................... 4-10
Section
II. Marksmanship Fundamentals I........................................................... 4-11
4-5.
The Four Fundamentals.......................................................... 4-12
4-6.
Firing Positions....................................................................... 4-18
4-7.
Training Devices and Exercises.............................................. 4-19
Section
III. Marksmanship Fundamentals II......................................................... 4-20
4-8.
Weaponeer.............................................................................. 4-20
4-9.
Engagement Skills Trainer 2000............................................ 4-21
CHAPTER 5. DOWNRANGE FEEDBACK
(PHASE II of Basic Rifle Marksmanship)
5-1.
Grouping Procedures................................................................ 5-1
5-2.
Zeroing Procedures................................................................. 5-14
5-3.
Known-Distance Range (With or Without LOMAH)............ 5-17
5-4.
Effects of Wind and Gravity................................................... 5-26
5-5.
Ballistics................................................................................. 5-32
CHAPTER 6. FIELD FIRE
(PHASE III of Basic Rifle Marksmanship)
Section
I. Target Detection...................................................................................6-1
6-1.
Locating Targets....................................................................... 6-1
6-2.
Marking Targets........................................................................ 6-3
6-3.
Range Determination................................................................ 6-4
Section

II. Field-Fire Training (Single Timed Targets
and Multiple Timed Targets)................................................................ 6-5
6-4.

Conduct of Field-Fire Range.................................................... 6-6
6-5.
Field-Fire Standards.................................................................. 6-7
Section
III. Record Qualification.............................................................................6-9
6-6.
Practice Record Fire I and II..................................................... 6-9
6-7.
Practice Record Fire Standards............................................... 6-10
6-8.
Record Fire............................................................................. 6-11
6-9.
Alternate Qualification Courses............................................. 6-14
ii

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