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An Introduction to Acoustics[1]

# An Introduction to Acoustics[1]

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An Introduction to Acoustics
An Introduction to Acoustics

Published by: paulomareze on Nov 27, 2009

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An Introduction to Acoustics
S.W. Rienstra & A. HirschbergEindhoven University of Technology19th January 2003(extended and revised edition of IWDE 92-06)

Contents
Preface1 Some uid dynamics 3
1.1 Conservation laws and constitutive equations
. . . . . . . . . . .
31.2 Approximations and alternative forms of the conservation laws forideal ﬂuids
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
2 Wave equation, speed of sound, and acoustic energy 13
2.1 Order of magnitude estimates
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
132.2 Wave equation for a uniform stagnant ﬂuid and compactness
. . .
182.2.1 Linearization and wave equation
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
182.2.2 Simple solutions
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
192.2.3 Compactness
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
212.3 Speed of sound
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
222.3.1 Ideal gas
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
222.3.2 Water
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
242.3.3 Bubbly liquid at low frequencies
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
242.4 Inﬂuence of temperature gradient
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
262.5 Inﬂuence of mean ﬂow
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282.6 Sources of sound
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
292.6.1 Inverse problem and uniqueness of sources
. . . . . . . . .
292.6.2 Mass and momentum injection
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
292.6.3 Lighthill’s analogy
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
312.6.4 Vortex sound
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
352.7 Acoustic energy
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36

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