Tying in entails attaching your rope to the climbing harness. This technique is a must particularly when leading a climb or belaying. The commonly used tie-in knot is theFigure-of-eight follow through. Once you tie-in, you will create a belay loop which willcontain your belay device when needed. This technique should be done properly toensure your safety when ice climbing.
In this climbing technique, you are going to use either running belays or fixed belays. Arunning belay on ice is similar to a running belay on rock or snow. The leader of theclimb puts protection and clips the rope through it. The next climber puts away the protection. There should be at least two points of protection between the leader and thenext climber. Fixed belays, on the other hand, require a belayer, belay anchor, and points of protection. A belay anchor is attached to a cliff in supporting a belay or toprope. In using either a running- or fixed belay, it is necessary that you have enoughknowledge on boot/ice-screw belay techniques.
Leading refers to the act of leading a climb and thus, requires a leader and a follower.This ice climbing technique entails putting protection while ascending. In doing so,leading is done in sections. The leader places the protection as he/she climbs untilhe/she reaches the top of a
. At the top, the leader builds a belay anchor with whichto belay the second climber. While the second climbs, he/she removes the protection placed by the leader. When the second climber finishes, they both proceed to the second pitch.
Also called rappelling,abseiling uses a fixed rope to descend. This technique is not only
used to go down after a climb. It can also be used when trying new climbing routes andwhen there is a seemingly difficult access to the start of a climb. Careful execution isimportant in doing abseiling. There are the possibilities of jammed ropes, ropes becoming severed after getting in contact with sharp edges, and other cases of equipment failure.
Lowering is one of the most common methods of getting down. A belayer at the base of the vertical wall ensures that the climber is lowered safely. This climbing technique isused when going down routes where there are short, steep walls. This is also used whenyou want to go down faster.These are the different techniques used in climbing activities. Keep in mind, though,that it is very crucial to learn these skills from expert climbers before attempting themyourself.