treatment to Puerto Rico residents are unconstitutional and (d) that Congress cease to discriminate against plaintiffs as stated in the complaint.
II. THE PARTIES
2. Idelfonso Colón, Jr. is a citizen of the United States, with his permanent residence in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. He is retired from the U.S. Marine Corps, receiving Social Security payments from the United States. Ernesto R. Rivera Gandía is a citizen of the United States, with his permanent residence in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, receiving Social Security payments for the United States. 3. Eric Holder is the Attorney General of the United States of America who defends the constitutionality of the laws of the federal government. The United States of America is the name of this nation, which enacts its own laws and regulations.
III FACTUAL ALLEGATIONS
4. On July 25, 1998, Puerto Rico, then a colony of Spain, was invaded by the armed forces of the United States. Pursuant to the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898, P.R. became a possession of the United States of America. The Treaty was duly ratified by Congress, 30 Stat. 1754. 5. From 1898 to April 2, 1900, P.R. was governed by the U.S. military. On April 2, 1900 the Foraker Act was passed. It provided for a civil governor, named by the President of the United States, with a 11 man council, also named by the President, but only 5 could be Puertorricans. It also created a popularly elected House of Representatives with 35 members and for the position of Resident Commissioner, which still exists today. 6. Subsequently, in1917, Congress passed the Jones-Shafrot Act, better known as the Jones Act and it was signed into law by President Wilson on March 2 of that year, 39 Stat. 951.