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Jorge Hernandez-Hernandez, A045 582 968 (BIA May 20, 2014)

Jorge Hernandez-Hernandez, A045 582 968 (BIA May 20, 2014)

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In this unpublished decision, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) terminated proceedings upon finding fourth degree arson under N.Y.P.L. 150.05 not to be a categorical crime involving moral turpitude because perpetrators need have a specific intent to damage property. The Board also found the statute was not subject to the modified categorical approach under Descamps v. United States, 133 S. Ct. 2276 (2013), which it said overruled the Board’s prior decision on divisibility in Matter of Lanferman, 25 I&N Dec. 721 (BIA 2012). The decision was written by Member John Guendelsberger and joined by Member Sharon Hoffman by Vice Chairman Charles Adkins-Blanch.

Looking for IRAC’s Index of Unpublished BIA Decisions? Visit www.irac.net/unpublished/index
In this unpublished decision, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) terminated proceedings upon finding fourth degree arson under N.Y.P.L. 150.05 not to be a categorical crime involving moral turpitude because perpetrators need have a specific intent to damage property. The Board also found the statute was not subject to the modified categorical approach under Descamps v. United States, 133 S. Ct. 2276 (2013), which it said overruled the Board’s prior decision on divisibility in Matter of Lanferman, 25 I&N Dec. 721 (BIA 2012). The decision was written by Member John Guendelsberger and joined by Member Sharon Hoffman by Vice Chairman Charles Adkins-Blanch.

Looking for IRAC’s Index of Unpublished BIA Decisions? Visit www.irac.net/unpublished/index

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Published by: Immigrant & Refugee Appellate Center, LLC on Jul 02, 2014
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07/26/2014

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Molot, David Esq. Law Oces of Arcia
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Associaes 82-17 Roosevelt Avenue 2nd FL Jackson Heights NY 11372
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Executive Ofce r Imigraon Revew
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HS /ICE Oice of Chief Counsel NC 26 Federal Plaza 11th Floor New York NY 10278 Name: HERNANDEZ HERNANDEZ JOR  A 045582968 Date of this notie 5 /20 /01
Encosed s a copy of he Board's ecsion nd order in e above-rereced cse. closre
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For more unpublished BIA decisions, visit www.irac.net/unpublished
Cite as: Jorge Hernandez-Hernandez, A045 582 968 (BIA May 20, 2014)
 
US Depent  Jusce
Execuve Oce

Imaon Revew Decsion of te Bod o Imaon Appeals Falls Cch Vga
20530
Fe: A045 582 968 -Ne York, Y
:
JORGEHEDEZHEEZ  EMOVA PROCEEGS APPEAL ON BEHALF OF RESPONDEN:  David oot, Esquire ON BEHAF OF DHS mda Jeopoos ssistt Cef Consel PPLICATION Teination of proceedings  Date:
MAY
 0 214
The Den of Homeld ecury (DHS) apeas the miaon Judges decision, dated Novber 29, 201, in whch e  iation Judge eaed e ov  proceedngs agains the responden The ape il be dismissed e Bod reviews ndngs of ft made by he Immao Judge nd a cely eoneo stdd. 8 C..R § 1003(d)(3)(i). We revie questions of aw, includng heer e pes have met e reevt brden of poof, d issues of sceon der a de  novo stdd. 8 CF.R. 1003.(d)(3)(i). he reondt, a native d citzen of Meico, was aied to e United States as a aw eent resident on Jay 17, 1997  He  subsequey convcted on Seembe 9, 1999, in the New York Co Co, Weschester Coy,  the crime of rson in the Fo Deee nder New York Sate Pena La section 150.05.  He laer aped r admssion to e Ute Sates as a al pe esidt on Mch 2, 2006. Section 50.05 provides a a person is y of son n e h deee hen he  reckessy dages a buidg or moor vehce by intentionay stng a re or causing eposion" The gov
ent contds at e reondents convcion is a crime nvoving  mora tide hch reders him inaissible der secion 212(a)(2)(A)(i)(I) of e aon d Naonalty Act, 8 U.S.C.  182(a)(2)()()(Q. Te queson on pea is heter e oese of son in te u deee der section 15005 of e Ne York Sate Pena Code qaies categocay or under e modied categoca approach as a cme invoving moral iude (CT'') so as o sppor a chge of inssibty der section 212(a)(2)(A)(i)(Q of te ct. Deeiing wheter a c covicion is a cme invoving moral titde requres  aysis of e statte
Cite as: Jorge Hernandez-Hernandez, A045 582 968 (BIA May 20, 2014)
 
045 582 968 unde which e alien has been convicted (as opposed to e iens condct at eslted in e conviction)
See Matter of Silva-Trevino
24 I&N Dec 687 (G 2008) oldg at, en detening whethe a convction is  a cme involving moa titude, e Bod shod st look to e statute of conviction der te categrical inuiy d deteine  wheer ee is a eistic pobabiity" at e state cimn statte psut to whic e ali was convicted oud be appied to reach condct at does not nvove mor  tide)
e United States Speme Cot recenty expned, the moed categoic appoach is a tool at heps cos impement te categoric appoac by suppyng em w a mechsm  to identi e eements" of oenses sing nd dvisibe" cimna states
See Descamps v. United Stat
133 S Ct 2276, 2285 (2013) Under
Descamps
 the modied categorca appoach apples oy f (1) e state of conviction is divisibe" in the sense at it sts  mtipe discete oenses as enmeated alteaves or denes a singe oense by efece to disnctve sets of elements, moe  one combination of which cold suppo a convicton; d (2) some (but not al) of ose listed oenses or comations of disnctive eemts e a categoic match to the relevt genec stdd
Id
at 2281, 2283 Te modied categoica appoach does not apply meely becase e elements of e cime c somemes be pved by  reence to condct at ts e genec federastdd e ve of e
Descamps
Cot, such cmes e ovbroad," but not divsbe"
d
at 228586, 229092
(emphasis adde
Thus, e Spe Co has oved
Mater of Lanfean
25 I&N Dec 721 (IA 2012), in  which e Bod held that a cmina state is visible, egdess of ts sce, i ased on e elemts of e oense, some but not al violaons of the statte give se to ounds   emova o ineigibiity  elief
e Spreme Co expaned, te modied categoc appoach  etns e categoic approacs cenal feae: a c on e eements, ra  e cts, of a cime nd it presees e categoric appoachs basic method comping ose eements ith e genec oenses ll the modied categorica appoac adds is a  mechsm r ming that compson hen a statte ists mltpe, tetive elemts, d so eectively ceates sever dierent  cimes"  If at least one, but  not al of ose crimes matches e generic version, a co needs a way to nd out whch e defendt  convicted of That is the job, as e have aays derstood it, of e  modied categorical approach: to denti, om ong sevea teatives, e cime of conviction so tat e co c compe t to e geneic oense
Dcamps, supra
at 2285
inteal citation omite
e d a e staute nde hch te espondent w convcted s not categocaly a crime involving mo tide The satute at isse, Ne York Pen law § 15005  povides at [] psn is guilty of son in the  deee hen he reckessly dages 2
Cite as: Jorge Hernandez-Hernandez, A045 582 968 (BIA May 20, 2014)

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