Denounce your mother, denounce—for she is not my wife,nor am I her husband.Let her rid her face of her ornamentsand her breasts of her lewd idols;
or I will strip her nakedas on the day of her birth;
Is 1:21;Mic 6:1;Is 50:1Ezk 16:7
Jer 31:333:14Jer 2:202K 9—10
They also say that God calls Israel to be hisspouse: Isaiah 50:1; 54:6; 62:4 and the Song.See also Revelation 21:2. This conviction isfound all along the prophetic books and thelast chapters of the New Testament will picturethe heavenly Jerusalem, ﬁgure of the Churchand the redeemed humankind coming towardsher husband (Rev 21:2).The paragraph 2:1-3 is not in place: itshould be read after Chapter 3.
My peopleand the One I pity
: it is another version of thenames given in 1:6 and 1:9.•
4In this discourse we have a mergingof Hosea threatening his wife and Yahweh re-proaching his people. (2:1-3 after Chapter 3)In Israel nobody denied Yahweh, the God oftheir race. Yet even though they accepted himas savior in the national crises, they thoughtthat the fertility of the earth and of cattle de-pended on other gods, the Baals, and thatYahweh had no power in these matters. SoYahweh threatens to deprive them of all thefruits of the earth and of the land itself in orderfor them to see that all these riches come fromGod alone.•
2Yahweh asks Hosea to marry one ofthe women involved in sacred prostitution ofpagan worship. Those wishing to obtain thefavors of the god Baal for their ﬁelds and theircattle would come to them.This happened often in Israel and only Yah-weh’s true faithful were scandalized. Deepdown, Hosea is torn apart, always hoping thathis ﬁckle and idolatrous wife would change herways, but also consumed by jealousy andanger, and tired of always forgiving.
Name her Unloved.
In Israel every name hadsome meaning, usually a religious meaning.Here Hosea calls his children names whichmust shock everyone, but which convey whathe is teaching the people; Israel will be defeated;they are a people whom Yahweh does not loveand does not acknowledge as his people.
The family of Jehu
(v. 4). Jeroboam IIwould be the last king of this dynasty.Take note of
nor AM-I for you
(v. 9): here,there is an allusion to the name of Yahweh (Ex3:15).After Hosea, the prophets used the terms“prostitution” and “adultery” when speaking ofidolatry. See Jeremiah 2:2; 3:1; Ezekiel 16:23.
for I will soonpunish the family of Jehu for themassacre at Jezreel. I will put an endto the kingdom of Israel.
The daysare coming when Israel will be de-feated in the Valley of Jezreel.”
Gomer was again with child andgave birth to a daughter. Yahwehsaid to Hosea, “Name her
for I will have no more love for thenation of Israel, nor will I forgivethem.” (
After weaning Unloved, Gomerwas with child again and had anotherson.
Yahweh said, “Name him
for you are not my peo-ple, nor
The word of Yahweh was addressedto Hosea son of Beeri, during thereign of Ussiah, Jotham, Ahaz and Heze-kiah in Judah, and of Jeroboam son of Joash, in Israel.
Take a wife: she will betray you
When Yahweh began to speakthrough Hosea, the Lord said to him,“Go, take for your wife a woman in-volved in sacred prostitution andhave children born of prostitution, forthe land is wholeheartedly lapsinginto prostitution and turning awayfrom Yahweh.”
So he married Gomer, daughterof Diblaim. And she was with childand bore a son.
Yahweh told him,