Energy efficiency, in today’s scenario, is in no way less important than for resources of energy i.e. coal, gas, oil and uranium. The best part of energy efficiency lies in the smartconstruction and disciplined use of it. Statistics shows that over 40 million sqm of commercialand residential space is being added annually which results in additional burden of nearly 5.5 billion units of electricity.Application of energy efficiency requires planning of building, its envelope, interiors, air-conditioning and other gadgets. The requirement is to recognize the areas where the use of naturalresources of energy can be maximized to make the building effective and sustainable.
2.NEED OF ENERGY CONSERVATION
Since 1990, India has emerged as one of the wealthiest economies in the developing world.During this period, the economy has grown constantly with only a few major set backs. With 35cities with populations in excess of 1 million, and more cities joining the list, investments in urbaninfrastructure for the provision of services are projected to be higher than ever before.In order to sustain its GDP growth at the projected average of around 7-8%, one needs toensure a sustained energy supply and increased energy security. Be it problems of shortages of fuels or consumption of electricity we need to work out every detail to fight with the scarcity of sources of energy. Since the building sector is inextricably connected to nearly all over energydemands whether it be agricultural, transportation, industrial or residential & commercial, it is of prime importance that all possibilities towards energy efficiency and conservation in this sector belooked at in depth and put to use as soon as possible.
3.INDIA’s PERSPECTIVE : GROWTH PROFILESl. Five yearTarget CostRemarksNo.planfor energyefficiency
(1997-2002) 5000 MW in elec Rs.14 billion Energy Conservation6 million tones in (USD 0.3 billion) Act 2001 passed petroleum b)10
95000 million units no specific BEE established(Mu) (3% ofallocationestimated demand)c)11
(2007-2012)The renewable energy targets for 11
five year plan (2007-2012) can besummarized as below :-i)Grid interactive renewable power : A physical target of 14000 MW is targetfor Eleventh plan for grid –interactive renewable power through wind, smallhydro, bio-power and solar power.