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technical paper green buildings

technical paper green buildings

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Published by jayprakash1016
this paper deals with the advanced concept of green building in india
this paper deals with the advanced concept of green building in india

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Published by: jayprakash1016 on Nov 27, 2009
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ENERGY CONSERVATION : INDIAN SCENARIO ANDGREEN BUILDING CONCEPTAuthor : Jay Prakash, Scientist ‘C’, CCE(R&D)North, New DelhiABSTRACT
The Energy conservation concepts can be traced back in the history of ancient Greek built cities where they used passive solar design so that all the homes recovered solar heat in thewinter. In the recent times, the oil prices increase in 1970s combined with environmental movement led to the earliest experiments with contemporary green building concept. In India construction industry being the second largest sector after agriculture,contributing around 7% of India’s GDP growth, is forecast to grow at a rate of around 9.2%, ascompared to Global average of 5.5%. This industry consumes 40% of total energy and about one half of the world’s major resources. Thus, the issue of energy security and green building initiatives is required to be taken up seriously.This paper discusses the concerns over energy security measures and energyconservation in Indian context with a brief idea of different policies made and effected toconstruct new and renovate existing buildings in a direction towards Green Building concept.The potential for energy savings is 40-50% in new buildings designed based on Green Buildingswhere as for existing buildings it can go upto 20-25% based on retro fitting measures. Theincremental cost vis-à-vis conventional building is around 5-8% with a pay back period of 2-4 years. The importance and benefits of Green Buildings have been highlighted in the paper in aview to save our planet and sustain life.
 
1.INTRODUCTION
Energy efficiency, in today’s scenario, is in no way less important than for resources of energy i.e. coal, gas, oil and uranium. The best part of energy efficiency lies in the smartconstruction and disciplined use of it. Statistics shows that over 40 million sqm of commercialand residential space is being added annually which results in additional burden of nearly 5.5 billion units of electricity.Application of energy efficiency requires planning of building, its envelope, interiors, air-conditioning and other gadgets. The requirement is to recognize the areas where the use of naturalresources of energy can be maximized to make the building effective and sustainable.
2.NEED OF ENERGY CONSERVATION
Since 1990, India has emerged as one of the wealthiest economies in the developing world.During this period, the economy has grown constantly with only a few major set backs. With 35cities with populations in excess of 1 million, and more cities joining the list, investments in urbaninfrastructure for the provision of services are projected to be higher than ever before.In order to sustain its GDP growth at the projected average of around 7-8%, one needs toensure a sustained energy supply and increased energy security. Be it problems of shortages of fuels or consumption of electricity we need to work out every detail to fight with the scarcity of sources of energy. Since the building sector is inextricably connected to nearly all over energydemands whether it be agricultural, transportation, industrial or residential & commercial, it is of  prime importance that all possibilities towards energy efficiency and conservation in this sector belooked at in depth and put to use as soon as possible.
3.INDIAs PERSPECTIVE : GROWTH PROFILESl. Five yearTarget CostRemarksNo.planfor energyefficiency
a)9
th
(1997-2002) 5000 MW in elec Rs.14 billion Energy Conservation6 million tones in (USD 0.3 billion) Act 2001 passed petroleum b)10
th
(2002-2007)
 
95000 million units no specific BEE established(Mu) (3% ofallocationestimated demand)c)11
th
(2007-2012)The renewable energy targets for 11
th
five year plan (2007-2012) can besummarized as below :-i)Grid interactive renewable power : A physical target of 14000 MW is targetfor Eleventh plan for grid –interactive renewable power through wind, smallhydro, bio-power and solar power.
 
ii)For rural application a target of 100 MW of renewable based distributed /off grid power has been decided.iii)National bio-fuel policy to be finalized that provides incentives and leads toa competitive industry.iv)IREDA (Renewable Energy Development Agency Limited) to berestructured.
4.ENERGY EFFICIENCY POLICIES IN INDIA
The energy policies since independence have been adopted only to serve the socio-economic priorities of development in India. This has resulted in inefficiencies in the use and production of energy and the situation is so grim that India pays one of the highest prices for energy in purchasing power purity terms. There are two major challenges aheada)to ensure adequate supply of energy at the least possible cost b)to supply ‘lifeline’ energy to poor in the country and ensure the affordability.With the above two primary objectives Planning Commission of India has prepared anIntegrated Energy Policy (2006) linked with sustainable development that covers all sources of energy and addresses all aspects of energy use and supply including energy security, access andavailability, affordability and pricing as well as efficiency and environmental concerns.To balance that growth of urbanization and the resultant demand of energy and concernsover energy security following areas have been identified in the Integrated Energy Policy 2006where 40-50% of all possible measures of reducing energy consumption needs to be exercisedforthwith :-i)Miningii)Electricity Generation, transmission and distributioniii)Water pumpingiv)Industrial production, processor, haulingv)Mass transportvi)Building designvii)Constructionviii)Heating, ventilation and Air-conditioning

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