The Revelation of Jesus Christ.
God gave it to him to let his servants know what is soon to take place.He sent his angel to make it known to his servant, John,
who reports everything he saw, for this is the word of God and the dec-laration of Jesus Christ.
Happy is the one who reads aloud these prophetic words,and happy those who hear them and treasure everything written here,for the time is near.•
From John to the seven Churches of Asia:receive grace and peace from him who is, who was and who is to come,and from the seven Spirits of God which are before his throne,
and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the ﬁrstborn of the dead, theruler of the kings of the earth.To him who loves us and has washed away our sins with his own blood,
making us a kingdom and priests for God his Father,to him be the glory and power for ever and ever. Amen.
he comes with the clouds
and everyone will see him, even
those who pierced him
; on his account
all the nations of the earth will beat his breast.
Yes. It will be so.
“I am the
says the Lord God,
he who is, who was and who is to come: the Master of the universe.
of me and I heard a voice behind mewhich sounded like a trumpet,
“Write down all that you see, in abook, and send it to the sevenChurches of Ephesus, Smyrna, Per-gamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadel-phia and Laodicea.”
The time is near.
This has been writ-ten ﬁrst of all for John’s ﬁrst readers. Thus theidea of contemporary readers who would wishto read a description of current events intoRevelation is unfounded.• 4. John greets his readers, wishing themthe peace that comes from the Father, Christand the Holy Spirit. As soon as John hasnamed the three divine Persons, all his praisegoes to Christ. This was the newness that en-ergized the early Christians so powerfully:Christ, God who came as a human.
The Seven Spirits
means the fullness ofGod’s Spirit.
The one who is, who was, and who is tocome.
This way of naming God expands whatwas revealed to Moses: “I am who am” (Ex 3).The living God is a God who is coming.Then Christ is presented as the Messiah andJudge hoped for by the Jews.
He comes withthe clouds.
In his trial, Jesus also referred tothis text of the prophet Daniel (7:13).
All the nations of the earth will mourn hisdeath.
See this prophecy of the murdered Mes-siah: “the one they pierced” in Zechariah 12:10.
Alpha and Omega
(that is A and Z). Thissuggests that God embraces all time.Revelation is addressed to Christians whoare beginning to suffer for their faith, andshows Christ to them, as the model they areimitating. Christ is the “servant and the witnessof God the Father.” Let us not forget that
means witness.• 9. John had been condemned on ac-count of his faith and was living in exile on Pat-mos. It was around the year 95.John had this vision
on the Lord’s Day,
thatis, on Sunday, or the day of the resurrection.So this vision will be enlivened by the tri-umphant breath of the resurrection.
3:14Ps 89:28;Col 1:151P 2:9Dn 7:13;Zec12:10;Mt 24:30
I, John, your brother, whoshares with you, in Jesus, the suffer-ings, the kingdom and the patientendurance, was on the island of Pat-mos, because of the Word of Godand witnessing to Jesus.
On theLord’s day, the Spirit took possession