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Presentation of Diptheria

Presentation of Diptheria

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Published by R-o-N-n-e-l

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Published by: R-o-N-n-e-l on Nov 27, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/11/2013

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Definition
Is an infectious diseases cause by corynebacteruimdiphtheria, characterized by the formation of pseudomembrane, commonly in the faucial area andtonsils, and the elotoration of powerful exotoxin affectingthe important viscera of the heart and kidneys and theperipheral nervous system.
Diphtheria causes the progressive deterioration of myelinsheaths in the central and peripheral nervous systemleading to degenerating motor control and loss of sensation. Diphtheria is a contagious disease spread bydirect physical contact or breathing the aerosolizedsecretions of infected individuals.
Acute febrile infection of the tonsils, throat, nose, larynx ora wound marked by a patches of grayish membrane fromwhich bacilli is readily cultured.
 
Etiology
Corynebacteruim diphtheriae
(Klebs-loeffler bacillus)
Is typically a slender, curved and slightly tapered clubbedorganism which gram + to variable, facultatively aerobic
 
Mode of transmission
Contact with a patient, carrier,articles soiled with discharged of infected person
Source: discharged from nosepharynx, eyes or lesion on otherparts of body of infected person.

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