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Planificar Un Proyecto de Investigacion

Planificar Un Proyecto de Investigacion

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Published by: Jose Severiano Luis Bravo Mora. Ph.D. on Nov 27, 2009
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08/11/2013

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PLANIFICAR UN PROYECTO DE INVESTIGACIÓN.
Por:José Severiano Luis Bravo Mora, Ph.D.Profesor e Investigador en:La Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
,
La Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo.
Y
El Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo del Estado de Michoacán.
I N D I C E.
 
El contexto de un proyecto de investigación
 
Elegir el método+++ Repeating the Method of Another Investigation +++Objetivos para el uso de recursosCalendario de trabajo
El contexto de un proyecto de investigación.
 Todo proyecto de investigación tiene relaciones importantes con lateoría ya existente dentro del campo pertinente de investigación, yfrecuentemente las tiene tambn con el mundo emrico. Estasrelaciones determinan qué métodos de investigación son posibles yefectivos y también orientan el carácter general del proyecto. De hecho,estas relaciones sirven de base de la clasificación tradicional de lasactividades de investigación:Las
ciencias formales
como matemáticas, lógica y filosofía teórica notienen asociación con la empírica. Sólo estudian teorías y persiguenclarificar sus estructuras: las formas y leyes del pensamiento. Estasciencias no serán tratadas en los puntos siguientes.
Página 1 de 10
 
Las
ciencias objetivas,
en contraste, estudian fenómenos empíricos yobjetos. Las ciencias objetivas, además se clasifican sobre la base de losresultados esperados: ¿será el resultado principalmente teórico, prácticoo de ambos tipos?
Investigación básica
se supone que promueve en primer lugar lateoría y el conocimiento recogido del campo de estudio apropiado.
Investigación aplicada
suele promover tanto la teoa como lapráctica.Los proyectos de
desarrollo
persiguen sólo beneficios prácticos.Los cuatro diagramas presentados aqilustran las cuatro formasmencionadas de estudio. 
Repeating the Method of Another Investigation
 The tables above can help you in tailoring a unique method of investigation for your particular problem. Another source of potentialmethods are the published studies of a comparable issue. Whenselecting such an archetype for your investigation, obvious candidatesare the earlier studies which belong to the same paradigm of study, i.e.
Página 2 de 10
 
those which have similar object of study, and a resembling point of view(interest of study).It is normal practice of researchers to acquire a good sample of availablereports of earlier studies of the same paradigm; perhaps all of them, if they are not too many. They can be found with the help of abibliographical study. Typical keywords in such a study are on the onehand the type of artefact and on the other hand the point of view thatyou are taking.If no reports turn out which would have both comparable object andsimilar view, or if there are too few of them, you can widen your searchinto reports with
either 
the same object
or 
the same point of view withyour own project. This will probably return a multitude of references andit will become necessary to sort them out, perhaps into a table likebelow where the references are classified into boxes named "Topic A1"etc. The most interesting row in the table will be the one which relates to theproduct "x" that will be the object of your study. Besides, it will usuallybe worthwhile to study those reports on studies of 
other products
whichhave similar
 point of view
to your own and which therefore probablyhave applied methods that you could use, too. These references will befound in the same
column
. Some usual points of view in the study of artefacts are listed in the heading of the table above and from there youhave links that lead to various pages of "Arteology" where they will bediscussed.Note that when duplicating the methods of an earlier project you have totake care of not copying those procedures that are unsuited to
 your 
special problem of study. When imitating a paradigm of research younormally accept quite a lot of its tacit components like approach,concept definitions and evaluations. This may be advantageous becauseit promotes "normal science" i.e. the steady growth of the field of study
Página 3 de 10Type oartefact
Point of viewEcology,impact onenvironmentEconomy,cost,priceUsability,functionBeauty,appealMessage,symbolismOther pointof viewAppliancesTopicA1TopicA2TopicA3TopicA4TopicA5TopicA6BookcasesTopicB1TopicB2TopicB3TopicB4TopicB5TopicB6ClocksTopicC1TopicC2TopicC3TopicC4TopicC5TopicC6Product"
x
"TopicX1TopicX2TopicX3TopicX4TopicX5TopicX6

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