Hi Saran, you are not the earliest toclass, are you?
èπ◊ ´·çü¿’ ´*açC†’´¤y é¬ü¿’-í∫ü∆?)
Sarika and some others were earlierthan me. I was not later than they(were)/them by more than ten min-utes.
(≤ƒJéπ, ÉçéÌç-ü¿®Ω’ Ø√éπçõ‰ ´·çü¿’´î√a®Ω’. ¢√∞¡x-éπçõ‰ØË†’ °æC EN’-≥ƒ©
éπØ√o áèπ◊\´ Ç©Ææ uç é¬ü¿’.)
Sarika isn't always the earliest tocome
?(á°æ ¤púø ÷ ´·çü¿®Ω´îË a ¢√∞¡x™ ≤ƒJéπ
No, she isn't. In fact, she is notamong those who are the earliest.
(é¬ü¿’. ûªy®Ωí¬ ´îËa-¢√-∞¡x™x ÅÆæ-™«¢Á’Öçúøü¿’.)
You were thinking of buying a bike.You had better buy now. It is on saleat a discountand is cheaperthan before.
éÌØ√-©†’-èπ◊çô’-Ø√o´¤ éπü∆.É°æ¤púË éÌ†ôç´’ç*C.
™ Å´·t-ûª’-Ø√o®Ω’. Éçûª-èπ◊-´·ç-ü¿’-éπçõ‰
É°æ¤púø ’ îª´éπ.)
It is not the cheapest now.It is going to be cheaperstill. I'll wait for anothermonth.
(É°æ ¤púø ’ Åçûª ûªèπ◊\¢Ë çé¬ü¿’. Éçé¬ îª´éπ´
¶-ûÓçC. ÉçéÓ ØÁ™«í∫’û√.)
Yes. Some other brands will then beas cheap as this or even cheaper.
(Å´¤ØË x. ´’J-éÌEo
Éçûªîª´í¬_†÷ Öçö«®·, Éçé¬ îª´í¬_†÷
Moreover some other matters aremore important for me than the bikenow.
éπçõ‰ ´·êu-¢Á’i†N≠æßª÷©’ ´’J-éÌEo ÖØ√o®· Ø√èπ◊.)
(So) you mean a bike has the leastpriority now.
There are other more important mat-ters.
(ÅE é¬ü¿’. é¬E Åçûªéπçõ‰´·êu-¢Á’i†N
When you decide to buy just let meknow. I know the dealer. We can getsome concession.
(†’´¤y éÌØ√-©E E®Ωg®·çîª’-èπ◊†o-°æ ¤púø ’ Ø√èπ◊
ûÁ©’Ææ’. ´’†èπ◊é¬Ææ h ûªT_ ç°æ ¤ üµ ¿®Ω-éÌÆæ’hçC.)
Thank you.You observe that the conversation abovehas mostly negative sentences. There are,among them, superlatives, comparativesand positives too. Now before we studythem look at the following sentences.
Madanapalle is not the coolest place in A.P= Adjective - the coolest - degree superla-tive -
Å®Ωn ç:Ççvüµ ¿-v°æüË¨¸™ ´’ü¿-†-°æ™„ xÅûªuçûªîª©xE v°æüË¨¡ç
é¬ü¿’ ÅE éπü∆.Åçõ‰, ´’ü¿-†-°æ™„ xéÌEo Éûª®Ω v°æüË¨»-©éπØ√o îª©xE-C-
é¬ü¿’ ÅE– ÉC
comparative.Madanapalle is not cooler than some otherplaces in A.P.
positive:Some other places in A.P. are as cool asMadanpalle =
-á.°œ.™ éÌEoîÓô’x´’ü¿-†-°æ™„ x
That is not the tallest tree in the garden.
(Ç ûÓô™-E ÅEo îÁôx™ ÅC áèπ◊\´ §Òúø¢Á j çC
not the tallest (not + superlative)
The tree is not taller than some other treesin the garden.
(Ç ûÓô™ N’í∫û√ éÌEo îÁôxéπØ√o ÉC §Òúø¢Á j çC
not taller than someother - comparative.
Some other trees inthe garden are as tallas the tree.
(ûÓô™E éÌEo îÁô’x, Ç îÁôd çûª
Some other novels are as good as'You only live Twice'
novels, 'you only liveTwice'
As good as - degree - positive
comparative"you only live Twice" is not better than someother novels ('You only live Twice'
superlative'You only live Twice' is not the best novels.(You only live Twice'
ÅEo-öÀ™ Öûª h-´’-¢Á’i†
Now look at the following sentences fromthe conversation at the beginning of thelesson.1)
You are not the earliest to the class.
Sarika and some others were earlier thanme.
It is cheaper than before.
Sarika is not always the earliest to come.
It is not the cheapest now.
Some other brands are going to be ascheap as this or even cheaper.
Moreover some other matters are moreimportant for me than the bike now.
... the bike has the least priority now?
there are other more important matters.All the sentences above are more or lessthe same pattern.
not the best/ greatest, etc
èπ◊ Ææ ç•çCµ ç*†N. OöÀéÀ
îª÷ü∆l ç.äéπ ´·êu-N≠æßª’ç í∫’®Ω’hçîª’-éÓçúÕ: É™« äéπ
Spoken English improve
é¬ü¿’. O’®Ω ’
í¬ Å´é¬¨¡ç üÌJ-éÀ†-°æ ¤p-úø™«x
´÷ö«x-úø ’-ûª’-Ø√o-®Ω-†’-éÓçúÕ, Å°æ ¤púø’ O’®Ω ’ îÁ§ƒp-©†’-
èπ◊†o ¶µ «¢√Eo, Ææ çü¿-®√s¥Eo•öÃ d, à
™á™« îÁ§ƒp™ O’èπ◊ ûÁ©’-Ææ ’hçC.
Å´é¬¨¡ç ´*a†-°æ ¤púø™«x´÷ö«xúøôç ´·êuç. É´Fo
¢√ôçûªô Å¢ËûÁL-Æœ§Ú-û√®·. îªü¿-´ôç ´©x
èπÿú≈ ÉçTx≠ˇ´Ææ ’hçC.
Now study the following conversation:Sindhu:
Congrats Rahul, your team won thematch yesterday. You played thebest of all. You scored more runsthan any other member of your team.
ÈíL-*çC. Åçü¿-J™†’´¤y ¶«í¬ Çú≈´¤. N’í∫û√-¢√-∞¡xéπØ√o
†’¢Á y-èπ◊\´ °æ®Ω’-í∫’©’ B¨»´¤.)
Unfortunately, I could not bowl aswell as Ganesh. He took more wick-ets than I did.
BÆæ ’-èπ◊Ø√oúø ’)
Your captain played the worst of all.His single digit score shows that.
(Åçü¿®ÓxÅüµ ∆y†çí¬ ÇúÕ çC O’ ÈéÂ°dØË.
ÅûªE äéπ ÅçÈé
He hasn't been in form of late.Otherwise he plays better than mostof us.
(ÅûªF-´’üµ ¿u Åçûª
™ ™‰úø ’. ™‰èπ◊çõ‰
´÷™ î√™«´’çC éπçõ‰Åûª†’ ¶«í¬ Çúøû√úø ’.)
But he didn't play so well in the earli-er match either.
(é¬F Åûª†’ Åçûª-èπ◊-´·çü¿’
™†÷ Åçûª¶«í¬ Çúø™‰ü¿’ éπü∆)
That's true. But once he regains form,very few of us can play as well as he.
(Eï¢Ë ’. é¬E ´’Sx
™ éÌî√aúø çõ‰´÷vûª ç ´÷™ à éÌCl´’çüÓ Åûª†çûª
Wish him the best.
Look at the following sentences from theconversation above:1)
You played the best of all.
You scored more runs than any other mem-ber of your team.
... I could not bowl as well as Ganesh.
He took more wickets than I did.
Your captain played the worst of all.
... he plays better than most of us.
But he didn't play so well in the earliermatch either.
... very few of us can play as well as he.
ÅEoçöÀ™ èπÿú≈ §ÚL-éπ©’-Ø√o®·
éπü∆– ÅFo ûª®Ω-ûª´’ ¶µ ‰ü∆©†’ í∫’JçîË. Å®·ûËÑ
™ ´Ææ ’h-´¤©/ ´uèπ◊h© í∫’ùí∫ù«©†÷,≤ƒ´’-®√nu-©†÷ é¬éπ ´uèπ◊h© °æEB®Ω ’†’ §Ú©’-Ææ’h-Ø√o-
´’E í∫´’-EçîËÖçö«®Ω’. äÍé °æEE Éü¿l®Ω÷,
Åçûªéπçõ‰áèπ◊\´ ´uèπ◊h©’, äéπJ-éπçõ‰ ÉçéÌéπ®Ω’¶«í¬ îË¨»®√, ûªèπ◊\´ îË¨»®√ ÅØËC §Ú©’-Ææ’hØ√oç.
comparison of adverbs, compari-son of adjectives
degrees ofcomparison, adjectives
èπ◊ èπÿú≈ Öçô’çü¿-†o-´÷ô. É°æ p-öÀ´®Ωèπÿ ´’†ç
comparison of adjectives.
Ééπ´·çü¿’ ´’†ç °æJ-Q-LçîËC,
degrees of com-parison of adverbs.(adverb
ûÁLÊ° °æE á™« ïJ-TçC
ÅE ûÁLÊ° °æü¿ç)
You played the best of all -
Çú≈´¤. Ç Çúøôç á™« ïJ-TçC?
Answer: the best.
- §ƒûª- ¢√u≤ƒ©éÓÆæç - éÀ x é˙-îË -ßª ’ç- úÕ ..
- •’üµ ¿- ¢√®Ωç 6 Â ÆÂ °dç-•®Ω ’ 2006Ñ-Ø√úø ’ Â £j «ü¿ ®√¶«ü˛
It is cheaper than before
-Ççí∫ x- ¶µ«- ≠æ-ù
Ççí∫ x- ¶µ «- ≠æ-ù
Some others are as earlyto class as you.
I was not early as Sarikaand some others.
It was not as cheap beforeas it is now.
Some others are alwaysas early as Sarika.
It is not as cheap as it wasearlier.
Some other brands aregoing to be as cheap asthis.
The bike is not as impor-tant for me as some othermatters.
No other matter has as lit-tle priority as the bike.
Some other matters are asimportant as this.
You are not earlier than someothers to class.Sarika and some others wereearlier than me.
sentence)It is cheaper than before
sentence)Sarika is not always earlier thansome others.It is not cheaper now than before.This is not going to be cheaperthan some other brands.Some other matters are moreimportant for me than the bikenow.
sentence)The bike has less priority thanany other matterThere are other more importantmatters than this.
You are not the earliest toclass.
sentence)I was not the earliest.No superlative.Sarika is not always the ear-liest.
sentence)It is not the cheapest now.
sentence)This is not going to be thecheapest of brands.The bike is not among/ notone of the most importantmatters for me.The bike has the least prior-ity now.
sentence)This is not the most impor-tant matter.[little (positive) - less (comparative) - least (superlative)]