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Introduction to Matlab - Image Processing By Dhananjay K. Theckedath

Introduction to Matlab - Image Processing By Dhananjay K. Theckedath

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Published by: api-3768869 on Nov 28, 2009
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04/04/2014

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INTRODUCTION TO MATLAB
IMAGE PROCESSING
Compiled by Dhananjay K. Theckedath
 
 Image Processing Using MATLAB Codes Dhananjay K. Theckedath
2
M
ATLAB
(an acronym for MATrix LABoratory) is a special-purposecomputer program optimised to perform engineering and scientific calculations.MATLAB is a powerful high-level language and is very easy to use. The MATLABlibrary has an extensive set of predefined functions, which make it much easier comparedto languages such as FORTRAN or C.To get stared with MATLAB, one needs to know how to manipulate and represent data.One also needs to know how to find information about available functions and finallyhow to write our own programs.
A.1 Starting MATLAB
To start MATLAB, double click on the MATLAB icon on the desktop
.
The mainMATLAB window (
command window
) with the command line prompt “
>>
” will appear on screen. MATLAB is an interpreted language, which means that the instructions thatwe give are interpreted by the computer directly as opposed to C in which we first need tocompile the instruction before it can be executed by the computer.There are two ways to give instructions in MATLAB
(1)
On the command line after the prompt “
>>
”. For example, we can directly write>> help
abs
and the following details will appear on the command window.
 
 
 Image Processing Using MATLAB codes Dhananjay K. Theckedath
3
In short, if we type an instruction, MATLAB executes it and gives us the result. We donot use the command window to write programs. We use it only to check certainoperations.
(2)
Through a script (.m file, program) or a function where a code is written in a text filewith the
.m
extension. These scripts contain lists of instructions. To start writing a.m file we need to activate the editor. One way to do that is to click on the iconshown below on the command window. The editor page pops up immediately.

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