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CALCULUL COEFICIENTULUI GLOBAL DE IZOLARE TERMICĂ

# CALCULUL COEFICIENTULUI GLOBAL DE IZOLARE TERMICĂ

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06/21/2013

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CALCULUL COEFICIENTULUI GLOBAL DE IZOLARE TERMIC\u0102
Verificarea criteriului de satisfacere a exigen\u0163ei de performan\u0163\u0103 termoenergetic\u0103 global\u0103
se face cu rela\u0163ia:
G1\u2264G1 ref.
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
K
m
W*
3

,unde: G1=coeficient global de izolare termic\u0103 al unei cl\u0103diri sau a unei p\u0103r\u0163i de cl\u0103dire \u2014 reprezint\u0103 pierderile orare de c\u0103ldur\u0103 prin transmisie prin elementele de \u00eenchidere , pentru o diferen\u0163\u0103 de temperatur\u0103 de 10C \u00eentre interior \u015fi exterior;

G1 ref.= coeficient global de referin\u0163\u0103 , calculat pe baza coeficientului de
Control;
G1=
\ue004\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue001\ue002\ue000\u2211
m
j
j
j
RA
V
)
*
(
*
1
\u03b8
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
K
m
W*
3
,\u00een care :
\u21d2V= volumul \u00eenc\u0103lzit al cl\u0103dirii sau p\u0103r\u0163ii de cl\u0103dire calculat pe baza dimensiunilor
exterioare ale cl\u0103dirii [m3] ;
\u21d2Aj= aria elementului de \u00eenchidere j , prin care se produce schimbul de c\u0103ldur\u0103 [m2]
\u21d2
\u03b8
j= factor de corec\u0163ie a diferen\u0163ei de temperatur\u0103 \u00eentre mediile separate de
elementul de construc\u0163ie ;
\u21d2Rm= rezisten\u0163a termic\u0103 specific\u0103 corectat\u0103 , medie , a elementului de construc\u0163ie ;
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
W
K
m*
2
G1=
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
+
+
+
+
e
A
P
d
c
A
b
A
a
A
V
4
3
2
1
*
*
1
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
K
m
W*
3
, \u00een care :
\u21d2A1= arie pere\u0163i exteriori calculat\u0103 cu distan\u0163a interax ;
[m2]
\u21d2A2= arie plan\u015feu de la acoperi\u015f calculat\u0103 cu distan\u0163a interax ;
[m2]
\u21d2A3= arie plan\u015feu peste subsol calculat\u0103 cu distan\u0163a interax ;
[m2]
\u21d2P= perimetrul specific ne\u00eenc\u0103lzit , P=0 (nu se ia \u00een calcul subsolul)
\u21d2A4= aria golurilor de t\u00e2mpl\u0103rie ;
[m2]
\u21d2a , b , c , d , e =coeficient de control pentru elementele de \u00eenchidere ce depinde
de categoria de cl\u0103dire (categoria 1) \u015fi tipul de cl\u0103dire;

Rezult\u0103 :
\u2500 tip de cl\u0103dire : \u2500 alte cl\u0103diri \u2500 industriale , cu regim normal de exploatare ;
\u2500 categoria 1 ( tabel 1 ,pag.42 \u2500C107/2)

\u21d2a=0.75 \u21d2b=2.20 \u21d2c=1.10 \u21d2d=1.30 \u21d2e=0.20

BOTO\u015eANI \u2500 ZONA IV :\u21d2 Te=\u2500210C ;
\u21d2 Ti=200C ;
Calculul ariilor elementelor de \u00eenchidere :
\u21d2Ferestre + U\u015fi exterioare :
A4=3*1.5*0.6+12*1.5*1.5+4*0.5*0.9+1.8*2.5=36 m2 ;
\u21d2Pere\u0163i exteriori = [15*2+18.7+3+13.2+3*1.5*3]*3=208.2 m2 ;
AI1=217.2-36=181.2 m2 ; \u2500 etajul III
AII1=[18.3+15.1+15.7*2+3+4.5]*3-36=216.9-36=180.9 m2 ; \u2500 etajul I \u015fi II
AIII1=216.9*35
.
4
-36=289.35 m2 ; \u2500 parter
A1=\u2211
i
A1=289.35+2*180.9+181.2=832.35 m2 ;
A4=36*4=144 m2 ;
14
A
A=0.17=17%\u21d2 nu se ia \u00een considerare
\u21d2Plan\u015feu superior = 14*15.5+3*6+3*6+6*6+3*3+
1
.
305
4
3
*
14
.
3
3
=
m2 =A2 ;
\u21d2Plan\u015feu inferior = 305.1 m2 =A3 ;
H=3*3+4.5=13.5 m ;
V=305.1*13.5\u2500(25.4*3+33.6*3)=3941.85 m3
G1 ref.=
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
+
+
+
+
e
A
P
d
c
A
b
A
a
A
V
4
3
2
1
*
*
1
=
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
+
+
+
2
.
0
144
1
.
1
1
.
305
2
.
2
1
.
305
75
.
0
35
.
832
*
85
.
39411
\u21d2
\u21d2G1 ref.=0.57
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
K
m
W*
3
Calculul rezisten\u0163elor unidirec\u0163ionale :
Rezisten\u0163ele minime termice ale elementelor de \u00eenchidere pe ansamblul cl\u0103dirii :
\u21d2Pere\u0163i exteriori :
RImin.=1.4
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
W
K
m*
2
\u21d2T\u00e2mpl\u0103rie exterioar\u0103
RImin.=0.5
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
W
K
m*
2
\u21d2Plan\u015feu superior
RImin.=3.0
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
W
K
m*
2
\u21d2Plan\u015feu inferior
RImin.=1.65
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
W
K
m*
2
\u2500 Adopt\u0103m t\u00e2mpl\u0103rie dubl\u0103 cu o foaie de geam \u015fi un geam termoizolant la distan\u0163\u0103 de
8\u2026\u202612 cm
RI=0.55
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
W
K
m*
2
, unde : RI= rezisten\u0163a termic\u0103 specific\u0103 ;
\u03c6i=50 (60) %
\u0394Ti=
\ue003\ue002\ue003\ue001\ue000
\u2192
\u2192\u2192
pa rdo s
e li
C
tav an e
C
pe re
\u0163e
C
0
00
5
.
2
5
.
3
5
.
4
Pun\u0163i termice \u2500 st\u00e2lp de col\u0163
\u2500 agrafe 4/m2 \u2500 \u03a66 mm ;
\u03c7=0.0039K
W;

\u03a8=0.1\u2500st\u00e2lp de col\u0163 ;
\u03a8=0.01\u2500st\u00e2lp curent ;
\u03a8=0.36\u2500pentru grind\u0103 + t\u00e2mpl\u0103rie ;
\u03a8=0.27\u2500atic teras\u0103 ;

Calculul rezisten\u0163elor termice specifice corectate
1. Perete exterior
Perete B.C.A.
St\u00e2lp beton armat
40*40 cm2
P\u00e2sl\u0103 (polistiren)
5 cm
40
20

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