Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Flute Extended Techniques 2

Flute Extended Techniques 2

Ratings: (0)|Views: 693|Likes:
Published by dj2590

More info:

Published by: dj2590 on Nov 28, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Flutter Tonguing
Flutter-tonguing is one of the oldest and mostwidely-used extended techniques, dating back to the works of Richard Strauss. Flutists should be familiar with and be able toexecute the two different types: one produced by rolling thetongue; the other by vibrating the throat. Composers notateflutter-tonguing in one of two ways: through use of three slashesthrough a note stem, or by writing “flatterzunge” (or flatt.).Composers are more and more commonly choosing to specify the typeof flutter-tonguing to be used in a given passage, indicating“rrrr” for the throat version. The technique has many uses beyondthe mere “special effect.” In the following passage from his soloflute piece Oiseau Miro, for example, James Romig usesflutter-tonguing to highlight prominent individual and small groupsof notes within a dense musical surface.James Romig: Oiseau Mirò (m. 54-58)
Pitch Bends Ex. 1
Another extremely common technique in flutewriting is the pitch bend, or glissando. There are two differentkinds of glissandi, the fingered gliss, and the lip gliss. The lipgliss has a smaller pitch range than the fingered variety, but ismore versatile because just about every note on the flute can bebent to a certain extent (though pitches in the first two octavesare much easier to bend than third-octave notes). Fingeredglissandi are only possible on certain notes of a French model(open-hole) flute, so it is best for a composer to consult aperformer before using them. A glissando is notated as a straightline from the note head, up or down depending on its direction.This example illustrates the lip gliss.
James Romig, Sonnet 2 (m. 30-31)
Pitch Bends Ex. 2
Edward Taylor, Voices in the Night (VII: m.1-3)
Harmonics are produced on the flute in asimilar way as on brass instruments: by fingering one note andmanipulating the embouchure to produce higher pitches correspondingto the harmonic series. These alternate fingerings affect both thetone color and the pitch of the written note. Composers exploitflute harmonics in a variety of ways. One particularly beautifulpassage is the "Sea Nocturne" variation in George Crumb's VoxBalanae, or Voice of the Whale. Here, several harmonics arealternated with regular fingerings in rapid succession to create a"shimmering" effect. Crumb uses the standard notation of a smallcircle above the note head, and indicates the fingered notes inparentheses.George Crumb, Vox Balanae (Sea Nocturne, p.14, top)

Activity (15)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
Lil-Lis liked this
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
Anthony Lacson liked this
geri_ericson liked this
naouso liked this
Roger Feria Jr. liked this
Pigpig Pig liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->