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Hydraulic Ram Design

Hydraulic Ram Design

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Published by api-19753598

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Published by: api-19753598 on Nov 28, 2009
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03/18/2014

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HYDRAULIC RAM DESIGN
PARTICULARS
POPULATION
Residents
350.00
6.00
2,100.00
Poultry
5.00
2,500.00
12,500.00
Swine
20.00
2.00
40.00
Cattle
40.00
2.00
80.00
Sheep/Goat
10.00
10.00
100.00
TOTAL AMOUNT OF WATER REQUESTED: V
14,820.00
Vol. Requirement,q req. Liters/min
=
12.35
Stage A:
Site Data/Information:
Maximum Supply Head Available: Hmax =
6.10 meters
Maximum Supply Flow Available: Qmax
=
65.00 liters/min

12.00 meters 18.10 meters 14.40 meters

Delivery Flow, q = QH\u03b7/h
19.83 liters/min
Pump Power = 9.81qh/60
38.90 Watts
Pumps Specifications:
\u03b7 = Pump Efficiency
0.60
Minimum Drive Flow, Qp, min
50.00 liters/min
Average Drive Flow, Qp, av
65.00 liters/min
Maximum Delivery Head, hp, m
a x
15.00 meters
Minimum Drive Head, Hp, min.
7.00 meters
DESIGN CRITERIA:
Stage B:

1.00If hp max > 1.2h1, OK, PROCEED STEP 2
2.00If Hmax<Hpmin., LOOK FOR A POSSIBLE SITE
3.00If Qmax > Qpmin, OK, PUMP WORKS ON SITE, PROCEED STA

GE C
Stage C:
CHECK THAT THE SITE WILL GIVE THE REQUIRED FLOW
1.00
SET:
H = Hmax
6.10meters
Q = Qmax
65.00lit/min.
2.00
Calculate:
18.10meters
3.00
Calculate:
13.14lit/min.
If q max > q reqd.,OK, THE SITE IS CAPABLE OF MEETING THE REQUIRED FLOW
Design considerations:
Drive Pipe Length = 2H - 4H => 6 meters
For Drive Flow =< 70 - 80 liters/minute
Use: Drive Pipe Diameter = < 1-1/2 inches = 38 mm diameter
Smaller Drive Pipe diameter = Better overall efficiency (Output)
of the available delivery flow due to high drive water velocity

WATER
REQUIREMEN
T(Liters/day)

AMOUNT
REQUIRED
(liters/day)

Height from intake to Delivery Head: h\u00b9=
Static Delivery Head: h = Hmax + h\u00b9
1.2h\u00b9 =
h = Hmax + h\u00b9
qmax = QH\u03b7/h
Pipe angle is not critical
Stage D:
CALCULATE FOR THE BEST VALUES OF DRIVE HEAD AND FLOW
1.00If Hmax > 6, OK, SUPPLY FLOW ENOUGH TO RUN 2 OR MORE PUMPS
2.00If Qmax< Qsupply, Set Drive Flow to maximum, Q = Qmax
3.00 Calculate :
Number of Pumps, Np = Q/Qp,av.
1.00
units
Drive Flow, Qp = Q/Np
65.00lit/min.
4.00 Calculate:
5.56meters
5.00If Drive Head, H < 6, OK PROCEED TO STEP 10, SET h = 6 m.
6.00 Calculate :
18.10meters
7.00 Calculate:
Drive Flow, Q = Np(Qp,av.)
65.00lit/min.
5.56meters
8.00If Drive Head, H < 6, PROCEED TO STEP 9
9.00If H < 6, OK, PROCEED TO STEP 10, SET Drive Head, H = 6
10.00 SET:
Drive Head, H =
6.00meters
11.00 Calculate:
Delivery Head, h = H + h\u00b9
18.00meters
60.74lit/min
12.00 Calculate:
Number of Pumps, N = Q/Qp,av
1.00
units
Pump Drive Flow, Qp = Q/\u03b7
101.23lit/min.
13.00
FINALIZE DESIGN:
1.00
S T A G
EC
or slightly greater
2.00 Measure Actual Drive Head, H =
6.50meters
3.00 Calculate:
Actual Delivery Flow, q =HQ\u03b7/h
12.80lit/min.
Actual Delivery Head, h = H + h\u00b9
18.50meters
If Delivery Flow q > q req., OK YOU'RE DESIGN IS ALRIGHT\u2026..
If Delivery Head hp < 1.1h, OK, YOU'RE DESIGN IS ALRIGHT\u2026...
If Drive Head, H < Hp max, OK, YOU'RE PUMP CHOOSEN MODEL IS SAFE
FLO W
Drive Head, H =h\u00b9(q req)/(\u03b7Q - q re
q .)
Delivery Head, hp = Hmax + h\u00b9
Drive Head, H = h\u00b9(q req)/(\u03b7Q- q re
q .)
Total Drive Flow, Q = q req(h)/Hma
x (\u03b7 )
NOTE: VALUES OF ALL VARIABLES CALCULATED
Find a good site for the Pump house that gives a DRIVE HEAD (H) equa
l to
(2 .) Is th e
S u p p ly F lo w
e n o u g h to
ru n 4 p u m p s
Set
D r iv e F lo w to M a x .
Av
a ila b le , Q = Q m ax
Supply
F lo w is s m a ll
(Use it
a ll)
(
3 .)C a lc u la te th e
N
um ber of pum ps
(N
p ) a n d D r iv e F lo w ,
Q
(
4 .) C a lc u la te th e
D riv e H e a d , H
(5 .) Is th is
D riv e
H ead, H
< 6
m e te rs ?
(6.)Ca
lc u la te D e liv e r y H e a d ,
hp = Hm ax + h\u00b9

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