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Zemljine sfere

Zemljine sfere

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Published by: api-19654245 on Nov 28, 2009
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03/18/2014

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Unutra\u0161nje sfere :

-jezgro
-omota\u010d jezgra
-zemljina kora

Spolja\u0161nje sfere:

-atmosfera (gasovita)
-hidrosfera (vodena)
-biosfera (organska materija)

Procesi u zemljinoj unutra\u0161njosti manifestuju se i na Zemljinoj povr\u0161ini:

-magnetizam
-priliv unutra\u0161nje toplote
-vulkanske erupcije
-zemljotresi
-pomeranje blokova Zemljine kore

Unutra\u0161nje geosfere
-uzdu\u017eni \u2013 5-8 km/h \u2013 prolaze i kroz rastope
-popre\u010dni seizmi\u010dki talasi \u2013 3-5 km/h \u2013 ne prostiru se kroz rastopljenu sredinu
Andrija Mohorovi\u010di\u0107\u201350 km dubine \u2013porast brzine seizmi\u010dkih talasa - Mo ho
-2900 km dubine Gutemberg \u2013Vihertova granica
Zemljino jezgro NiFe sfera\u2248 metalni meteoriti 3,324\u00b0C

-gustina materije Zemlje 5,5 g/cm\u00b3 (stene na povr\u0161ini Zemlje 2,7 g/cm\u00b3)
-r \u2248 3500 km
-dva dela : spolja\u0161nji (\u010dvrst) & unutra\u0161nji (rastopljen)
Uzlaznim strujanjem materije u jezgru odr\u017eava se i regeneri\u0161e magnetizam.

Omotac jezgra SiMa sfera\u2248 kam. Meteoriti

-izme\u0111u Gutembergove i Mohorovi\u010di\u0107eve seizmi\u010dke granice\u2248 debljina 2800 km
-dubina 670 km \u2013 granica izme\u0111u unutra\u0161njeg i spolja\u0161njeg omota\u010da
-astenosfera \u2013 gornji deo spolja\u0161njeg omota\u010da\u2248 dubina 400 km \u2013 \u017eari\u0161te
zemljotresa, vulkana, pomeranje kontinenata; u rastopljenom stanju u njoj postoje
uzdu\u017ena strujanja magme

Zemljina koraSi Al \u2013 heterogenog sastava, razl. postanka i starosti

-Mohorovi\u010di\u0107eva seizmi\u010dka granica \u2013 ispod kontinenata na dubini od 30 do 70
km; okeanskog dna \u2013 na dubini od 3 -7 km
- prose\u010dna dubina 20 km = 0,3% r Zemlje/ 0,4 m Zemlje
-izlo\u017eena promenama (\ue000 astenosfera, Zemljina povr\u0161ina)

slojevi
Kontinentalna kora
Okeanska kora

-sedimentni
-granitni
-bazaltni

-velika debljina,
heterogeni sastav
-magmatske, metamorfne
i sedimentne stene
> 3,3 mlrd dod
-tanka
-bazi\u010dne magmatske
stene (bazalt & gabro)
-160 mil god

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