Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
3Activity

Table Of Contents

0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Stuttering

Stuttering

Ratings: (0)|Views: 90 |Likes:
Published by Demosten
Edition 1.0 9th March 2006
From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection
Note: current version of this book can be found at
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Speech-Language_Pathology/Stuttering
Edition 1.0 9th March 2006
From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection
Note: current version of this book can be found at
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Speech-Language_Pathology/Stuttering

More info:

Published by: Demosten on Nov 28, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/21/2011

pdf

text

original

 
Speech-Language Pathology
Stuttering
Edition 1.0 9th March 2006From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection
 Note: current version of this book can be found at  http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Speech-Language_Pathology/Stuttering
 
2
Table of contents
S
PEECH
-L
ANGUAGE
P
ATHOLOGY
..............................................................................................................................1S
TUTTERING
..............................................................................................................................................................1T
ABLE OF CONTENTS
.................................................................................................................................................2A
UTHOR
....................................................................................................................................................................4I
NTRODUCTION
..........................................................................................................................................................5Whose Fault Is It?................................................................................................................................................5False Optimism....................................................................................................................................................6False Pessimism...................................................................................................................................................6O
VERVIEW OF
F
ACTORS THAT
C
ONTRIBUTE TO
S
TUTTERING
....................................................................................8Developmental Disorder......................................................................................................................................8Auditory Processing Underactivity......................................................................................................................8Speech Motor Control Overactivity.....................................................................................................................8Response Selection to Stress................................................................................................................................8Genes and Neurotransmitter.................................................................................................................................8Psychological Effects...........................................................................................................................................9Multifactoral Treatment.......................................................................................................................................9Additional Factors................................................................................................................................................9W
HAT
I
S
S
TUTTERING
?...........................................................................................................................................11Core Behaviors...................................................................................................................................................12Secondary Behaviors..........................................................................................................................................12Incidence and Prevalence...................................................................................................................................13S
ELF
-A
WARENESS OF
S
TUTTERING
B
EHAVIORS
......................................................................................................14D
EVELOPMENT OF
S
TUTTERING
...............................................................................................................................16P
RE
-S
CHOOL
S
TUTTERING
.......................................................................................................................................16Direct and Indirect Therapy with Preschoolers..................................................................................................19S
CHOOL
-A
GE AND
T
EENAGE
S
TUTTERING
..............................................................................................................24School-Age Stuttering........................................................................................................................................24Advice for Parents, by Magdalene Lima, SLP...................................................................................................25Fostering Teenagers' Passion for Fluency..........................................................................................................28A
UDITORY
P
ROCESSING
..........................................................................................................................................31C
ENTRAL
A
UDITORY
P
ROCESSING
D
ISORDER
.........................................................................................................31Altered Auditory Feedback................................................................................................................................32D
ELAYED
A
UDITORY
F
EEDBACK
.............................................................................................................................36Delayed Auditory Feedback...............................................................................................................................36Frequency-Shifted Auditory Feedback..............................................................................................................38S
OUND
Q
UALITY
, B
ACKGROUND
N
OISE
..................................................................................................................44Sound Quality....................................................................................................................................................44Background Noise..............................................................................................................................................45Finding Help Paying for an Anti-Stuttering Device...........................................................................................46External Links....................................................................................................................................................48S
PEECH
M
OTOR
L
EARNING AND
C
ONTROL
..............................................................................................................49O
PEN
-
AND
C
LOSED
-L
OOP
S
PEECH
M
OTOR
C
ONTROL
............................................................................................49Slow Speech.......................................................................................................................................................51T
HREE
S
TAGES OF
M
OTOR
L
EARNING
.....................................................................................................................55Performing and Refining Fluent Speech............................................................................................................56F
EEDBACK AND
B
IOFEEDBACK
................................................................................................................................66A
UTOMATIC
, E
FFORTLESS
F
LUENCY
.......................................................................................................................70Reinforcing On-Target Speech...........................................................................................................................72Z
EN IN THE
A
RT OF
S
TUTTERING
.............................................................................................................................77Zen in the Art of Stuttering................................................................................................................................77R
ESPONSE
S
ELECTION UNDER
S
TRESS
.....................................................................................................................82
 
3
S
TUTTERING
R
EDUCES
S
TRESS
................................................................................................................................82Good Stress, Bad Stress.....................................................................................................................................85S
PEECH
-R
ELATED
F
EARS AND
A
NXIETIES
...............................................................................................................91The Predator Approach......................................................................................................................................91Make a Stress Hierarchy....................................................................................................................................92Further Reducing Fears and Anxieties...............................................................................................................93Stress Is the Absence of Choices........................................................................................................................93Use a Partner to Center Your Emotions.............................................................................................................94Reduce Your Child's Stress................................................................................................................................94Reduce Your Listener's Stress............................................................................................................................94Alternative Ways to Reduce Stress....................................................................................................................95Look for Stuttering-Reducers.............................................................................................................................95Increasing or Decreasing Stress in Therapy.......................................................................................................96P
ERSONAL
C
ONSTRUCT
T
HERAPY
: Y
OU
A
LWAYS
H
AVE
C
HOICES
..........................................................................98G
ENES AND
N
EUROTRANSMITTERS
.......................................................................................................................102Dopamine Antagonist Medications..................................................................................................................104P
SYCHOLOGICAL
I
SSUES
........................................................................................................................................109Freedom to Speak?Badly.................................................................................................................................109Inward Anger vs. Outward Anger....................................................................................................................111Denial Is a Bigger Problem Than What You're Denying.................................................................................112Y
OU
'
RE
N
OT
A
LONE
: J
OIN A
S
UPPORT
G
ROUP
......................................................................................................116You're Not Alone: Join a Support Group.........................................................................................................116F
AMOUS
P
EOPLE
W
HO
S
TUTTER
...........................................................................................................................121The Americans With Disabilities Act..............................................................................................................123Vocational Rehabilitation.................................................................................................................................124H
IGH
S
CHOOL
S
CIENCE
P
ROJECTS
.........................................................................................................................125Altered Auditory Feedback..............................................................................................................................125History..............................................................................................................................................................126Community.......................................................................................................................................................126A
UDIENCE
R
EACTION
V
IDEO
.................................................................................................................................128S
TATES
T
HAT
P
ROVIDE
A
NTI
-S
TUTTERING
T
ELEPHONE
D
EVICES
.........................................................................132Arizona.............................................................................................................................................................133California.........................................................................................................................................................133Georgia.............................................................................................................................................................133Maryland..........................................................................................................................................................133Massachusetts...................................................................................................................................................133Missouri...........................................................................................................................................................134North Carolina..................................................................................................................................................134Pennsylvania....................................................................................................................................................134Texas................................................................................................................................................................134Wisconsin.........................................................................................................................................................135O
THER
F
LUENCY
D
ISORDERS
................................................................................................................................136See also:...........................................................................................................................................................136Head injuries and strokes.................................................................................................................................136Psychogenic stuttering.....................................................................................................................................136Satisfaction with "Smooth Speech" Fluency Shaping......................................................................................137ISTAR Comprehensive Stuttering Program.....................................................................................................137Attrition in a Long-Term Study.......................................................................................................................137SLPs vs. Parents vs. Computers.......................................................................................................................137Computer System for Reducing Short Phonation Intervals..............................................................................138Two Long-Term Studies of Anti-Stuttering Devices.......................................................................................139Stuttering Modification Therapy......................................................................................................................139L
ONG
-T
ERM
S
TUDIES OF
S
TUTTERING
T
HERAPY
..................................................................................................141R
ECOMMENDED
B
OOKS
.........................................................................................................................................156

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->