BEFORE YOU BEGIN
Good craftsmanship begins and ends with good work habits, so makethe following steps part of your routine workshop practice. If you haveany doubts or questions about how to proceed with a project, alwaysdiscuss them with your shop instructor.• Carefully and fully review plans and instructions before putting a tool to the project lumber.•Work sensibly and safely. Wear safety goggles when doing work that creates flying chips and sawdust; wear the appropriate respirator whenever making sawdust or working with thinners or other solvents.•At the end of every work session, clean up your shop area and put away all portable tools.
CUTTING AND ASSEMBLY PROCEDURE
NOTE TO TEACHERS:
This project includes scaled drawings of theplane parts. Photocopy the drawings to 250%, glue them to 1/4" hard-board, and cut them out to produce templates you can use over and over.
Prepare the Pieces1.
After familiarizing yourself with all the parts as shown in Fig. A, pre-pare and glue together two 1
pieces to make a block for the body (A). Allow the glue to dry.
Plane pieces for the wing (C), elevator (D) and propeller (J) tothickness slightly greater than dimensions shown on Cutting List. This will allow for planing, shaving and finish sanding to the exact thickness.
Make the Body and Engine3.
To start shapingthe body, machinethe body block to 1-7/8
Using the templates found in Fig. B, trace the outlines of the side andtop on to the body. Mark the hole locations for the struts and skid.
Cut the body shape with a bandsaw. Cut the side profiles first,tape the parts back together using masking tape, then cut the top andbottom profiles.
Draw the 1/4
-deep by 2-5/8
-wide wing notch on the top of thebody. Turn the body on its side and use a bandsaw to make several 1/4
-deep cuts, one about every 1/8
across the width of the notch. Clampthe body in a vise and clean out the remaining waste with a chisel.Make sure the base of the notch is flat.
Locate, mark and drill a 1/4
hole in the center of the front end of the plane body for later mounting of the engine (B).
Lay out the engine (B) by drawing a hexagon measuring 1-1/2
between opposite corners. Cut the shape out carefully with a bandsaw.Draw the octagon on one end of a narrow board so you can keep yourhands away from the blade while making the cuts. Or clamp the boardin a vise and use a jigsaw.
holes centered in each side of the octagon asshown in Fig. C to prepare for the mufflers.
Drill a 1/4
hole through the center of the octagon.
Glue the engine (B) to the front end of the body (A), using a 1/4
dowel to align the parts. Allow the glue to dry.
Drill the holes for the struts (L) and the skid (N).
File and sand the body to remove any saw marks and sharpcorners. Also file the engine (B) to make it flush with the body (A).
Glue the mufflers (M) into the holes in the engine hub. Allow theglue to dry, and trim the dowels so they project 1/4
Make the Wing and Elevator15.
Rip (saw wood along the grain) the wing (C) to width to fit thenotch in the plane body. Cut it to length. Trace and cut the wing shape.
Center the wing in the notch in the plane body and mark on the wing the outline of the body.
Shape the wing with a spokeshave, plane, file and sandpaper. Work from the body outline marks outward. Use the setup shown in Fig. D.
Trace and cut the elevator (D). File and sand it to shape.
Make the Shock Absorbers, Wheel Posts and Wheels19.
Make two shock absorber blanks each 3/4
Mark out theshock absorbers (E) and drill the 1/4
strut hole and the 1/8
hole forthe shock absorber pin (G) as shown in Fig. B. Large pieces are easierto work with than small pieces at this stage.
Round over the front corners of the shock absorber blank with a file.
Cut the shock absorber teardrop shape using the bandsaw. Sandout the saw marks.
Cut the shock absorbers to finish length, (1-3/4
)and drill thehole for the wheel post (F).
Cut the wheel post from 7/16
-dia. dowel and glue it into the shock absorber. Wait for the glue to dry and then drill a 7/32
hole throughthe wheel post for the ready-made wheel axle (I).
Counterbore a 1/8
-deep hole in the wheel (H), then use a 1-3/8
hole saw to cut the wheels out. Sand the edges and corners. (Besidesthe wheel axles, you can also buy ready-made wheels from the Sourcelisted at the end of this project.)
Slip the wheel axles through the wheels and glue the axles into the wheel posts. Make sure the wheels spin freely. Sand the protrudingends of the axles flush with the wheel posts.
Make the Propeller and Nose Cone26.
Trace and cut the propeller (J), and drill the 5/16
CONTINUED - WOODWORKS: INTERMEDIATE PROJECT 2003-2004 VINTAGE MODEL AIRPLANE