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Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors and Their Applications

# Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors and Their Applications

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08/13/2014

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Eigenvalues andEigenvectors and theirApplications
ByDr. P.K.SharmaSr. Lecturer in MathematicsD.A.V. College Jalandhar.Email Id: pksharma_davc@yahoo.co.in

The purpose of my lecture is tomake you to understand thefollowing :
What are eigenvectors and eigenvalues ?
What is the origin of eigenvectors and eigenvalues ?
Do every matrix have eigenvectors and eigenvalues ?
Are eigenvectors corresponding to a given eigenvalue unique?
How many L.I. eigenvectors corresponding to a giveneigenvalue exists ?
What are the eigenvalues corresponding to special types of matrices like symmetric , skew symmetric , orthoganal andunitary matrices etc.
Some important Theorems relating to eigenvalues
Why eigenvectors and eigenvalues are important ?
What are the application of eigenvectors and eigenvalues ?

Linear algebra studieslinear transformations,which are represented bymatricesacting onvectors. Eigenvalues, eigenvectors andeigenspaces are properties of a matrix.
In general, a matrix acts on a vector by changingboth its magnitude and its direction. However, amatrix may act on certain vectors by changing onlytheir magnitude, and leaving their directionunchanged (or possibly reversing it). These vectorsare the eigenvectors of the matrix. A matrix actson an eigenvector by multiplying its magnitude bya factor, which is positive if its direction isunchanged and negative if its direction is reversed. This factor is the eigenvalue associated with thateigenvector.