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Linux - System Administrators Guide

Linux - System Administrators Guide

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Published by lcnblzr3877

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Published by: lcnblzr3877 on Nov 28, 2009
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The Linux System Administrator's Guide
Version 0.8
Lars Wirzenius
<liw@iki.fi>
Joanna Oja
<viu@iki.fi>
Stephen Stafford
<stephen@clothcat.demon.co.uk>
Alex Weeks
<weeks_alex@yahoo.com.NOSPAM>
2003−12−03An introduction to system administration of a Linux system for novices.Copyright 1993−−1998 Lars Wirzenius.Copyright 1998−−2001 Joanna Oja.Copyright 2001−−2003 Stephen Stafford.Copyright 2003−−Present Stephen Stafford & Alex Weeks.Trademarks are owned by their owners.Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU FreeDocumentation License, Version 1.1; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front−Cover Texts, and with noBack−Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free DocumentationLicense".
 
Table of Contents
Source and pre−formatted versions available..................................................................................................1Chapter 1. Introduction......................................................................................................................................2Chapter 2. About This Book..............................................................................................................................4
2.1. Acknowledgments.............................................................................................................................42.1.1. Joanna's acknowledgments......................................................................................................42.1.2. Stephen's acknowledgments....................................................................................................42.1.3. Alex's Acknowledgments........................................................................................................52.2. Typographical Conventions..............................................................................................................5
Chapter 3. Overview of a Linux System...........................................................................................................6
3.1. Various parts of an operating system................................................................................................63.2. Important partsof the kernel.............................................................................................................63.3. Major services in a UNIX system.....................................................................................................73.3.1. init............................................................................................................................................83.3.2. Logins from terminals.............................................................................................................83.3.3. Syslog......................................................................................................................................83.3.4. Periodic command execution: cron and at..............................................................................83.3.5. Graphicaluser interface...........................................................................................................93.3.6. Networking..............................................................................................................................93.3.7. Network logins........................................................................................................................93.3.8. Network f ile systems.............................................................................................................103.3.9. Mail.......................................................................................................................................103.3.10. Printing................................................................................................................................103.3.11. Thefilesystem layout..........................................................................................................10
Chapter 4. Overview of the Directory Tree....................................................................................................12
4.1. Background.....................................................................................................................................124.2. The root filesystem.........................................................................................................................134.3. The/etc directory............................................................................................................................144.4. The/dev directory...........................................................................................................................164.5. The/usr filesystem..........................................................................................................................164.6. The /var filesystem..........................................................................................................................164.7. The/proc filesystem........................................................................................................................17
Chapter 5. Device Files.....................................................................................................................................19
5.1. The MAKEDEV Script...................................................................................................................195.2. Themknod command.....................................................................................................................195.3. Device List......................................................................................................................................20
Chapter 6. Using Disksand Other Storage Media.........................................................................................22
6.1. Two kinds of devices......................................................................................................................226.2. Hard disks.......................................................................................................................................236.3. Floppies...........................................................................................................................................256.4. CD−ROMs......................................................................................................................................266.5. Tapes...............................................................................................................................................266.6. Formatting.......................................................................................................................................27
The Linux System Administrator's Guidei

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