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Brief Filed by Google in Authors Guild vs. Google (Appeal)

Brief Filed by Google in Authors Guild vs. Google (Appeal)

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Published by LJ's infoDOCKET
Filed July 3, 2014
Filed July 3, 2014

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Published by: LJ's infoDOCKET on Jul 07, 2014
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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07/14/2014

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13-4829-cv
U
NITED
S
TATES
C
OURT OF
A
PPEALS
 
FOR THE
S
ECOND
C
IRCUIT
 
T
HE
A
UTHORS
G
UILD
,
 
B
ETTY
M
ILES
,
 
J
IM
B
OUTON
, J
OSEPH
G
OULDEN
, individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated,
 Plaintiffs-Appellants
, H
ERBERT
M
ITGANG
,
 
D
ANIEL
H
OFFMAN
,
 
individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated, P
AUL
D
ICKSON
,
 
T
HE
M
C
G
RAW
-H
ILL
C
OMPANIES
,
 
I
 NC
.,
 
P
EARSON
E
DUCATION
,
 
I
 NC
.,
 
S
IMON
&
 
S
CHUSTER 
,
 
I
 NC
.,
 
A
SSOCIATION OF
A
MERICAN
P
UBLISHERS
,
 
I
 NC
.,
 
C
ANADIAN
S
TANDARD
A
SSOCIATION
,
 
J
OHN
W
ILEY
&
 
S
ONS
,
 
I
 NC
.,
 
individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated,
 Plaintiffs
,
v.
G
OOGLE
I
 NC
.,
 Defendant-Appellee
. On Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, No. 1:05-cv-08136 (Chin, J.)
BRIEF FOR APPELLEE
D
ARALYN
J.
 
D
URIE
 J
OSEPH
C.
 
G
RATZ
 D
URIE
T
ANGRI
LLP 217 Leidesdorff Street San Francisco, CA 94111 (415) 362-6666 S
ETH
P.
 
W
AXMAN
 L
OUIS
R.
 
C
OHEN
 D
ANIEL
P.
 
EARNEY
,
 
J
. W
EILI
J.
 
S
HAW
 W
ILMER
C
UTLER
P
ICKERING
 H
ALE AND
D
ORR LLP
 1875 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20006 (202) 663-6000 July 3, 2014
Case: 13-4829 Document: 135 Page: 1 07/03/2014 1263769 66
 
 
- i -
RULE 26.1 DISCLOSURE STATEMENT
Appellee Google Inc., by its undersigned attorneys, hereby states, pursuant to rule 26.1 of the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure, that it has no parent corporation and that there is no publicly held corporation that owns 10% or more of its stock. Dated: July 3, 2014 /s/ Seth P. Waxman S
ETH
P.
 
W
AXMAN
 
Case: 13-4829 Document: 135 Page: 2 07/03/2014 1263769 66
 
 
- ii -
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page TABLE OF AUTHORITIES ................................................................................... iv INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 1 STATEMENT OF THE CASE .................................................................................. 4 A. How Google Books Works ................................................................... 4 1. The digitization process .............................................................. 6 2. Searches using Google Books ..................................................... 7 3. The effects of Google Books .................................................... 12 B. Google Books’ Benefits For Authors .................................................. 14 C. Google Books And Licensing Markets ............................................... 16 D. Copies Downloaded By Libraries ....................................................... 17 E. Prior Proceedings ................................................................................ 19 F. Decision Below ................................................................................... 20 SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT ............................................................................... 21 ARGUMENT ........................................................................................................... 25 G
OOGLE
B
OOKS
 
S
EARCH
T
OOL
I
S
F
AIR
U
SE
 ................................................. 25
I.
A. Google Books’ Uses Are Transformative ........................................... 26 1. Snippet display serves Google Books’ transformative purposes ............................................................ 30 2. The fact that Google is a commercial entity does not weigh against fair use ......................................................... 32 B. Nature Of The Works At Issue: All Of Plaintiffs’ Books Are Published, And Most Are Non-Fiction ........................................ 35
Case: 13-4829 Document: 135 Page: 3 07/03/2014 1263769 66

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