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The Stony Brook Press - Volume 20, Issue 14

The Stony Brook Press - Volume 20, Issue 14

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Published by: The Stony Brook Press on Nov 29, 2009
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3
IS S U E S
B y T erry M cL aren
H erew e com e, D iv isio nI . S to n yB ro o ks t u -
d e n ts
h a v e
b e e n
h e a rin g
a b o u t
th e
m ove
u p
i n
N a tio n a lC o lle g ia teA th leticA s s o c ia tio ns ta n d in gfo r
a b o u tay e a r now .W e'reg e ttin gan e ws ta d iu m ,e v e n -
tu a lly ,a n dth e rea r e
th e s es n a z z yn e w
p a rk in glo ts
(a v a ila b let o s tu d e n tsfo r th em o m e n t)n e a r th eU n io n .
A n o th e rr e s u l to f th isim p e n d in g m ovei s th em e rg in g
o f th eS e a w o lv e s w ith C oca-C ola (C okew olves?)a n da
s u b s e q u e n t re d u c tio no fb e v e ra g ec h o ic eo ncam pus.

F o rau n iv e rs itya sb o tto m -lin ec o n s c i o u sa s S to n yB ro o k , th efin a n c ia lr i s ko fm o v in gt o D iv isio nI i s

g re a t,
e s p e c ia lly
w hen
th e
s c h o o l
i s
e n te rin g
D iv isio nI-A A ,alo w
le v e lo fc o m p e titio ni na lm ig h ty
fo o tb a ll.
T h e gam esth a ta r ete le v is e dn a tio n a lly ,th e
gam esp e o p lelin eu p

t os e ea n dp a yb igm oneyt o w a tc h , b e lo n gt o D iv isio n I-A , th ea s s o c ia tio n 'sh i g h e s t ra n k in g .Y et m osto fth e

a th le ticp ro g ra m sa te v e n th e s eto p -n o tc hs c h o o l sta k eafin a n c ia lb e a tin ge v e r y y e a r(a c c o rd in gt oab ia n n u a lN C A A s tu d y perform ed b y D r.D a n ie lL .F u lk so fT r a n s y l v a n i aU n iv ersityi n

K entucky). In the1 9 9 7f i s c a ly e a r , e x p e n d itu re sg r e w s ig n ific a n tlyf a s t e rth a nr e v e n u e sfo r D iv isio nIa n dI I s c h o o ls .

A t D iv isio nI - A
u n iv e rs itie s ,th e
o n e s w ith
re a lp ro fitp o te n tia l,a v e r a g e
e x p e n d itu re sr o s e21% ,
w h ilea v e r a g e
re v e n u e s
w entu p
15% .T h ea v e r a g e
p ro fitfo raD iv isio nI - As c h o o li n1 9 9 7 w as$ 4 3 7 .0 0 0 ,
but w hen in s titu tio n a ls u p p o r t (fro ms t u d e n tfe e se tc .)
i se x c lu d e d ,th a tp ro fit becom esa n
$ 8 2 3 ,0 0 0d e fic it,
d e s p itetic k e ts a l e sa n dte le v is io nr e v e n u e s .
F u lk 's
s tu d y
re p o rte d
th a t
D iv isio n
I-A A
s c h o o lsto o k
ala rg e
lo s s .T h e ira v e r a g e
d e fic itw as
$ 7 4 3 ,0 0 0o v e r a l li n1 9 9 7 ,a n d$ 1 ,9 6 2 ,0 0 0
a fte rin s titu -
tio n a ls u p p o r ti se x c lu d e d .
A ccording
t oJ o s h u a
R o ln ic k
(" F in a n c e s
o f
B ig -T im e
C o lle g e
S p o rts ..." ,
T h e
C h r o n ic leo f H ig h e r
E d u c a tio n , O c to b e r2 3 ,1 9 9 8 )" F o ra th le tic sp ro g ra m s
o u ts id eD iv isio nI - A
s tu d e n t-a c tiv ity
fe e s ,n o ttic k e t
s a le s ,a r eth ele a d in gs o u r c eo fre v e n u e ."
D r. R ic h a rdG .S h e e h a n ,ap ro fe s s o ri n N o tre
D a m e 's
D epartm ent
o f
F in a n c e
a n d
B usiness
E c o n o m ic sa n d a u th o ro f K e e p in gS c o r e :T h eE c o n o m ic s
o fB ig -T im e
S p o r ts , w ro te
t o
S to n y
B ro o k
H isto ry

P r o f e s s o ra n dfa c u ltys e n a t o r D a v idB urner re g a rd in g th eU n iv e rs ity 'sm ovet oD iv isio nI . H isle tte rs ta te d "W hateverth e

s o u rc eo ff u n d s ,i t u ltim ately
com es
fro m
elsew here
i nth e
U n iv e rs ity .I ffu n d in g
cam e
fro m
th em ostin n o c u o u sa n dp a in le s ss o u r c e ,d o e s
th a tm ake
th ec o s ta n y
le s so n e r o u s ? " W ho

w illb e s h o rtc h a n g e db yt h e s ei n c r e a s e dsp o rtsc o s t si s som e- th in g

the U niversity
w illh a v et od e c id e
i nc o m in g
y e a rs .
Som eh a v ea r g u e d
th a tg o in gt oD iv isio nI
w illh e lpU SBattract m ores t u d e n t s ,a n dth e ir m oney
w ithth e m .S h e e h a nd i s a g r e e s ; "O ne m ig h ta r g u eth a t
w h ilec o s t s w illi n c r e a s e ,th esp o rtsp ro g ra m
w illp a y
fo ri t s e l f w itha d d itio n a ls t u d e n t a p p lic a tio n s
t oth e
in s titu tio n .T h e r ei sn oe v id e n c ew hatsoevert os u p -
p o rt th is a rg u m e n t."A th letics u c c e s sa n dv is ib ilityd o
im p a c tp o s itiv e lyo ns tu d e n t re c ru itm e n t,b u t" a d m in -
is tr a to r sm ustb e w illin gt ofu n d
i t sp ro g ra m ss u f f i -
c ie n tly
t ob e
s u c c e s s fu l,"
a c c o rd in g
t oS h e e h a n .I n
o th e r w ords,y o uh a v et os p e n dalo to fm oneyb e fo re
y o us t a r tt o m akei tb a c k ,a n dy o uh a v et o w in
in o rd e r
t o reap the b e n e fitso f b e in gi nth e to pd iv is io n .
S to n y
B ro o k
h a ss e e n
s k y ro c k e tin g
e n ro ll-
m enti nth ep a s tf e wy e a r sa n de x p e r i e n c e dah o u s in g

s h o rta g e .I s attracting m ores tu d e n tsre a llyw hat th e U n iv ersityw a n tst od o , w heni ti sa l r e a d yd e n y in g h o u s in gt o s tu d e n ts w hos ta yb e y o n de ig h t sem esters?

T h e re are alsoq u e s tio n sa b o u tw hat ty p eo f
s tu d e n ta ne x p a n d e dre c ru itm e n tb a s e m ig h t in c lu d e .
W illS to n yB ro o km a in ta ini t sa c a d e m ics t a n d a r d s ,o r
w ill e x c e p tio n sb em ade fo r ta le n te da th le te s w ithp o o r
g ra d e s ?T h isto o rem ainst ob es e e n .
Som ea r es u s p i c i o u so f th es u p p o s e dp ro fit
D iv isio nIs ta tu sw illb rin g .D a v idK le in ,are tu rn in g
s tu d e n t,rem em bers1 0y e a r sa g o ,w hen s tu d e n tsq u e s -
tio n e d
th e
e x p e n s e
a n d
n e c e s s ity
o fb u ild in g

th e In d o o rS p o rtsC o m p le x ,th a tth eU n iv ersitya r g u e di t w o u ldb eas o u rc eo fr e v e n u e sth a tc o u ldb eu s e dfo r o th e ra r e a s . "A sf a ra sIknow ,i t h a s n 'tp a n n e do u t

th a t
w ay,a n dn o wth e ya r es e llin gu s th e sam e s to ry w ith
re g a rdt oth es ta d iu ma n d th e m ovet o D iv isio nI . "
Ale tte r fro m F u lk st o D r.B urnera b o u tS to n y
B r o o k 'sa th le ticm oved o e sn o tm akei ts o u n dfin a n -
c ia llyp ro fita b le .A c c o rd in gto F u lk s ," iti s q u itec l e a r
th a tam ove
t oD iv isio n
I-A A
s h o u ldn o tb e m ade
w ithth eh o p eo fg e n e ra tin ga d d itio n a lfu n d sfo rth e
in s titu tio n .H isto ricald a taa r ec le a rth a tth el a r g e s t
a v e ra g ed e fic itsre p o rte d am onga lld iv is io n sa r ei nI -
A A ."
T h e s es c h o o l s do noth a v e th eb e n e fito fth e

m a jo rr e v e n u esourcesth a t D ivisionI - As c h o o l sd o . T h e s ein c lu d e" tic k e ts a l e si nla rg efo o tb a lla n db a s - k e tb a ll

venues, bow l payouts,a n d
c o n fe re n c e
re v -
e n u es h a r i n g .T h e s er e v e n u es o u r c e s sim p lyd on o t
e x is t at th isle v e l, w h ile costs of o p e ra tin gaI-A Ap ro -
g ra ma r e sim ilar to I-A costs."
B yJ o a n n a W e g ie ln ik
F o r th eth ird consecutive sem ester,n op h o -
to g ra p h yc l a s s e s b e y o n d
in s tru c tio n a l P h o toIand H
w illb eo f f e r e di nth ef a l lt e r m

a c c o rd in gt oa d m in is - tra to rsi n th e A rtD e p a rtm e n t.T h e p rim aryr e a s o nfo r th isi sth ep ro tra c te d

illn e s s e s
o fP r o f e s s o r
M ic h a e l
E d e ls o n ,w hoh a s ta u g h tp h o t oc l a s s e s in the p a s ta n d
isc o n s i d e r e d
th eb a c k b o n eo f th ep h o top ro g ra m .
P r o f e s s o r Edelsonl e f t on m edicalle a v ea tth e
b e g in n in go f th eF a ll'9 8 sem estera n ds u b s e q u e n t l y
w ento ns a b b a t i c a lin th e S p rin g .I ti ss t i l ln o tc l e a r
w h e th p r
o r
n o t
h e
i .s
fu ll tim e replacem ent b u ty o u c a n 'tth in klik eth a t u n til
th a th a p p e n s a n dId o n 'tth in k it'srig h tfo r u s,i nth e
c a s eo fam anb e in gi l l , to ta lka b o u th isfu tu reb e c a u s e
i t 'sre a llyap e rs o n a l th in g ,"s a i d R u b in .
U n iv ersity
p rio rity
i nfu n d in g
a ls o
p la y sa
ro le
i n
th e
P h o to
u I
c la s s
n o tb e in g
o ffe re d .
" T h e
C o lle g e
o f
A rts
a n d
S c ie n c e s
re c e iv e s
m any

m o re re q u e s tsfo rfu n d st oo f f e rc o u r s e sta u g h tb y a d ju n c ts th a n w ec a n s u p p o rt. O u rh i g h e s t p rio rityi na llo c a tin g a d ju n c td o lla rsi s

t op ro v id e
s tu d e n tsw ith
c o u rs e s
w h ic ha ree s s e n t i a lt o m eetg ra d u a tio nre q u ire m e n ts (
for example:
E S L
a n d
c o m p o s itio n ,
D E C -satisfy in g
m c o rs s
w ith
h ik s-
c o m in g back nextf a l l .
te m p o ra ry
a d ju n c t,J i
C assidy,w as
h ire d
<
sh o rt
n o tic e
t o
te a ,
P h o to
I
a n d
I Id u ri
d u rin g
th e
F a ll
o f
'S
" T h a n k s
t o
P r o f e s s
E d e ls o n ,w e
w ere
a t
t olo c a tesom eone,w l
o n
v r e r r
sh o rtw
n o tic e r
> rie s
o fh ig h
n
m
e
t
em and,
a n d
o u rs e s
\u00fd q u ire d
fo ra
ia jo r).
o u rs e s
in
h o to g ra p h y
i ds tu d ioa r e ,
knc)A 7
v i\u2022ri7
y
I L% LMkL V I
M N 6C *
f)A P % _ ,IL Q

afe ww e e k sb e fo reth e b e g in n in g o f th e sem ester, s a id h e w o u ldb ea b le to take o v e rth ec l a s s , "s a i dJam es R u b in ,C h a iro f th e A rt D epartm ent." T h e o th e rc l a s s [P h o to

I l ]
w asc a n c e l e d
b e c a u s e
i th a d
v e ry
lo w
e n ro llm e n t...I b e lie v eth e
e n ro llm e n tw asfo u r,"s a i d
R u b in .Ag ra d u a tes t u d e n ti sc u rre n tlyte a c h in gP h o to
Ith is sem ester.
U n iv e rs ityp o lic y fo rb id sth efu n d in go fs a b -
b a tic a lre p la c e m e n tss ou n til iti sk n o w n w h e th e ro r
n o tP r o f e s s o rE d e l s o ni sc o m in g b a c k , n o
fu lltim e
replacem entsc a nb ec o n s i d e r e d ." I f\u2022 r
E d e ls o n w ere
to resigno rr e t i r e , th e ny o uc o u ldth in ka b o u t h irin ga
R ~ ~ G

p o p u la r w iths t u d e n t s ,b u tthese are alsoa r e a s w here u n fo rtu n a te lyi n m anyc a s e ss tu d e n tdem ande x c e e d s o u rre s o u rc e s ,a n dIw ishw ec o u ldd o m ore to satisfy th a t dem andw ith o u tta k d n g funds aw ayfro m

o th e r
c o u rs e ss tu d e n ts
n e e d
t om e e t th e irre q u ire m e n ts ,"
s a idP a u l A rm stro n g , D e a no f th eC o lle g eo fA rts and
S c ie n c e s ,i na ne m a il reply lastw eek.
" I fth e departm ent w ere toh iresom eonet o
re p la c e
P r o f e s s o r
E d e ls o n ,
I
d o n 'tth in k
P h o to
l

w o u ldb ef u n d e dfo rth esim p ler e a s o nth a tth er e a l dem anda n dth em osts tu d e n tss e r v e d , w h ic hi sth e p h ilo s o p h y

o fth eU n iv ersity
fro m
th eP r e s i d e n to n
dow n,ist os e r v eth e m ost studentsp o s s i b l e . T h enum -
b e ro n e p rio rityfo r re p la c e m e n tw o u ldb e P h o toIa n d
I Ia n dth ea d d itio no fasecond sectionfo r P h o toI ,"s a id

R u b in . W hena s k e da b o u t th e p o s s ib ilityo faP h o toI I I c la s si fas tu d e n tp e titio n w as fo rm edR u b inre p lie d , " if E d e ls o n w asn o t to com e b a c k inth ef a l l ,w ew o u ldt r y t or e p l a c e

aP h o toIte a c h e ra n d
d e p e n d in g
o n
th e
e n ro llm e n t,i fi t ' ss u b s ta n tia le n o u g h

t ow arrantth e e x p e n d itu re ,i fap e titio n w ere p re s e n te de a rlye n o u g h i nth ef a l lt e r m

b e fo rep la n n in gfo rth esp rin gt e r m
h a p p e n s ,w hereasu ffic ie n t num bero f s tu d e n tss a i d
th e yd e fin ite lyw antaP h o to
I I ,Iw o u ldta k eitt o th e
D eana n da s k "C any o ufu n dth is ? "b u t q u iteh o n e s t -
ly ,Id o n 'tk n o ww hat h is answ er w ouldb e ."
R ichard M ase,o n eo f th es tu d e n tse n ro lle di n
P h o toI I d u rin gth eF a ll'9 8 sem ester,s ta rte dap e titio n
re q u e s tin gaP h o toI I
c la s s .H e s a idth a t th e p e titio n

w aspassed alongt oN in aS a lv a to re , th eg ra d u a tes tu - d e n tw hoi sc u rre n tlyte a c h in gP h o toIth is sem ester, th e nt o D ean A rm stro n g . M r.A rm sto n gs a i dh e w a s n 't aw are

o f,n o rr e c e i v e d
th ep e titio n . P ro fe s s o rR u b in
also saidth a th e d id n 'tr e c e i v en o rw as aw areo fa n y
s u c hp e titio n .
T h efu tu reo f m ore advancedp h o toc l a s s e s ,
a t th isp o in ti n tim e,i s very muchi nd o u b t. Form er
P h o toIa n dI I s tu d e n tsw hoe x p r e s s e din te re s ti n th e s e
c la s s e s(b o thP h o toI t
a n din d e p e n d e n ts t u d y )h a v e
n og u a r a n t e e sth a t a n y th in gb e y o n dth ein s tru c tio n a l
c la s s e s w illb e o fferedi n th ec o m in g sem esters.I ti sn o t
know ni fP r o f e s s o rE d e l s o nw illre tu rni nth e c o m in g
m o n th s .I ti sn o tk n o w n w h e th e re n o u g hfu n d in gc a n
b e
s e c u re d
t o
o f f e r
th e s e
c o u rs e s .
H ow ever,i n
a
U n iv ersityth a t h a stra d itio n a llyc a t e r e dt oth es c i e n c e
a n de n g in e e rin gd e p a rtm e n ts w h ilec o n tin u a llys h a f t -
in g th e artsa n d h u m a n itie s ,i t ' sn o tv e ryp ro b a b le .
D eat.
y
ttrii t
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N ;`3 m
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o f
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a n d
d ra c o n ia n
d ru g
la w s
i n
th e
U n ite d
S ta te s .P a s s e d d u rin gth ete n u reo f G overnor N elson
R o c k e fe lle r
i n
1 9 7 3 ,
th e
"R ockefeller
D ru g
L aw s"
m a n d a te
h a r s h
p u n is h m e n ts
fo rth e
m ost m inute
d ru go f f e n s e s .
P o s s e s s io no f
4o u n c e s of an a rc o tic
d ru g , for exam ple,i sc l a s s i f i e d
a saty p eA -Ife lo n y
w h ic h
c a rrie s
a
m a n d a to ry
m in i-
m um
s e n te n c e
o f
1 5y e a r st oam a x i-
m um
o f
lif e
im p ris o n m e n t,.
T he
s ta tu te s
h a v e
b e e n
w id e ly
c r i t i -
c iz e d
b y
v a rio u s
o rg a n iz a tio n s
in c lu d in g
H um an
ro lc y
n s titu te ,a s bem ge x c e s s i v e l yn a r s na n a c ru e l.
T h is
p a s tT h u rsd a y , A p ril
1 5 th ,A F S
2 8 3
s p o n s o re d
ale c tu rein c o n ju n c tio nw ith
th eP riso n
M o ra to riu m
P ro je c t
a b o u tth eR o c k e fe lle rL aw s
in
th e U N IT I C u ltu ra lC e n te r.T he P M P ,b a s e di nN Y C ,
is ac o a litio n
o fs tu d e n tsa n d
c o m m u n ity
a c tiv is ts
" d e d ic a te dt o re s to rin gs a n ity too u r crim inalju s tic e
s y s te m
a n ds to p p in gth eg ro w in g P ris o n -In d u s tria l-
C o m p le xi ni t st r a c k s . "
T h e le c tu ref e a t u r e ds e v e r a l
g u e s ts p e a k e rsa n da
sh o rtv id e oa b o u t th ec a s eo f
K em baS m ith ,afo rm er c o lle g es t u d e n tw hor e c e i v e d
a2 4 -y e a r m a n d a to ry m in im u ms e n t e n c ea tth e a g eo f
2 3fo rafirsto ffe n sew ithn op o s s ib ility for parole.
K em baw a sp u s h e dt op le a d g u ilty to conspiracyt o
d is trib u te
crack cocaine
fo rh e r b o y frie n d 's
d ru g
d e a lin ga c tiv itie sa n dr e c e i v e d
h e rs e n t e n c ed e s p ite
th ef a c tth a ts h e w asp re g n a n t, i na n a b u s i v ere la -
tio n s h ip w ithth eb o y frie n d ,a n d had nop rio rcrim i-
n a lr e c o r d .
K e m b a 's
c a s e ,
u n fo rtu n a te ly ,
is
n o tv e r y
u n iq u e .Ina lo to fw ays,i tp e rfe c tly e x e m p lifie salo t
o f w hati sw ro n gw ithf e d e r a la n ds ta tem a n d a to ry
m inim um
s e n te n c in g
law s.F o r o n eth in g , th ela w s
a d v e rs e ly
a ffe c tin n e r-c ity
c o m m u n itie sb e c a u s e
o f
th eh u g e
d is p a rity
i ns e n te n c in gb e tw e e n
o ffe n s e s
d e a lin g w ith p o s s e s s io no fc ra c k v s.pow derc o c a i n e .
A s
c ra c k
c o c a in e
i s
m uch
c h e a p e r
th a n
pow der
c o c a in e ,i ti s m orep r e v a l e n ti nin n e rc itie s .
F iv e
gram s
o f
c ra c k
c o c a in e
c a rrie s
a
m a n d a to ry
m inim um
s e n te n c eo f5y e a rsim p ris o n -
m e n t.
5 0 0
h u n d re d
gram s
o f
pow der
c o c a in e
c a rrie s
th e
" A la m
sam es e n t e n c e .C rack
o ffe n s e s

are treated m uch m oreh a r s h l y ; crack cocainei sth e o n lyd ru g fo rw h ic h m erep o s s e s s i o nc o n -

s titu te s
a
m a n d a to ry
c o n v ic -
tio n .
A nd
e v e n
th o u g h
th e
m ajo rityo fc r a c k - c o c a i n e
u s e rs
a rew h ite ,a c c o r d i n g to several
s tu d ie sb y th eU .S . D epartm ent
o f H e a ltha n d H um anS e r v i c e s ,
9 0 %
o fth e
m en
a n d
8 0 %
o f
w om en
c o n v ic te d
fo r
c ra c k
o ffe n s e s
a r e
A frican-A m erican
a n dH is p a n ic .
W om en,
e s p e c ia lly
y o u n gb la c kw om en,a re
n o w
f'C 1
C U h
[ f
t
t
i
ulnet
U lt:
Id le tgro\u2022V W ng
p F IO ll
p o p u la tio n s . " In1 9 9 1 ,4 3 %o fth e w om en ins ta tep r i s -
o n s-m ore th a no n eo u to f e v e ry th re e w om en-h a d

b e e n v ictim so fphysicalo r sexual abuse," according t oth e" E q u a lJ u s tic e "re p o rt fro mth eN A A C PL e g a l D efensea n d

E d u c a tio n a l
F u n d .
" As u r v e y
o fo n e
p riso nr e v e a l e dth a t8 0 %of th e fem alein m a te sth e re
w erei n c a r c e r a t e da saresu lto f th e ira s s o c ia tio n w ith
a b u s iv em ales,"th ere p o rta d d s .T h eN a tio n a lB la c k
C aucuso fS ta te
L e g is la to rsc o m p ile d
alist off a c t s

a b o u tw om eni nU .S . p riso n si tin d ic a te sth a t m osto f th e w om enb e in gi n c a r c e r a t e dte n dt ob e m in o rities, y o u n g ,

u n d e re d u c a te d ,a n d
h a v e ,o n
th e
a v e ra g e ,
m oreth a ntw oc h ild re n :
-S in c e1 9 8 0 , th e num bero fw om eni nf e d e r -
a la n ds ta tep riso n sh a s n e a rlytrip le d .
-B la c kw om ena r ee ig h ttim esm orelik e ly
th a nw h ite w o m e n
t o
g ot op riso n .
-M o th e rsc o n s ti-
tu te m o reth a n8 0 %
o f
w om eni np riso n s.
-T h e
a v e ra g e
m o th e ri np riso n
is3 0
y e a rs
o ld ,u n d e r e d u -
c a te da n du n s k ille d .
-M oreth a n tw o -
th em o th e rso fa tle a s t
tw o m inor cnuaren.
-T h e m o th e ri np riso ni s lik e lyt oh a v eb e e nth e
p ri-
m aryc a r e t a k e r w ithle g a lc u s to d y .
H um anR ig h tsW a tc h ,re le a s e dare p o rti n
J a n u a ry
o f
th is
y e a r,c ritic iz in g
th e
R o c k e fe lle r
s ta tu te sa s u n d u lyh a r s h .T h e re p o rt, "H um an R ig h ts
V io la tio n si nth eU n ite d
S ta te s- C ruela n d
U sual-
D is p ro p o rtio n a te
S e n te n c e s
fo r
N ew
Y ork
D ru g
O ffen d ers,"s u g g e s t sth a tth em ajo rity (n e a rly
80% )
o fd ru g
o ffe n d e rss e n t e n c e d
u n d e rth e
R o c k e fe lle r
la w sh a dn e v e rb e e nc o n v ic te do f av io le n tfe lo n y ,
te n d to belo w -le v e ls t r e e td e a l e r so r "m ules"w ho
tr a f f ic
d ru g s
fo r
o th e rs ,
a d d ic ts
s u p p o rtin g
th e ir
h a b its ,o r th ew iv e s /g irlfrie n d so fd ru gd e a l e r s .
" S e ite n c e sfo r d ru go ffe n d e rs inN ewY ork
S ta tea re am ongth e m ost p u n itiv e inth e c o u n try .A
p e rs o n
c o n v ic te d
o fas in g les a l eo f tw oo u n c e so f
c o c a in e
fa c e sth esam em a n d a to ry
p riso n
te r m
a sa
m urderer-
f if te e n
y e a r s - to
lif e .L o n g
p riso n
s e n -
te n c e s m ay b ep ro p o rtio n a tefo r tra ffic k e rsw horu n
la rg ea n dv io le n td ru gd is trib u tio n e n te rp ris e s ,"
th e
re p o rts a y s . "But in N ew
Y o rk , th ev a s t m ajo rityo f
d ru g
o ffe n d e rs
s e n te n c e d
t op riso n
a r e
n o n v io le n t
m in o r
d ru g
d e a le rs
o r
p e rs o n s
o n ly
m a rg in a lly
in v o lv e d ind ru gtra n s a c tio n s-
p e o p lew ho m a k e
$ 2 0s a l e s
o nth e s tre e ts ,o n e -tim e c o u rie rsc a rry in g
d ru g s fora sm allf e e , a d d ic tsw hos e l lt of i n a n c eth e ir
o w n h a b its .F o rt h e s ep e o p le , e v e n
a
f e w
y e a rso f
im p ris o n m e n tc a nb e d is p ro p o rtio n a te ly
s e v e rep u n -
ishm ent th a t v io la te sth ein h e re n t d ig n ityo f p e rs o n s ,
S ta te s ,h a v eb e e ns h a p e d
b yp u b licc o n c e r n s
a n d
p o litic a lp r e s s u r e sth a th a v eb e e nin d iffe re n tt oth e
n e e do f p ro p o rtio n a lity ,"
s a id HRW ."M anyfa c to rs
-
th ep e r s i s t e n c eo f d ru gu sea n da b u s e , th ed e te -
rio ra tio no f in n e rc itie s ,th er i s eo fs y m b o licp o litic s ,
ra c ia lu n d e r c u r r e n t s ,af e a ro fcrim e,a n da nu n w ill-
in g n e s st ota c k les o c i a lin e q u a litie s , am ong
o th e rs
-
h a v ee n c o u r a g e dp o litic ia n sa n dp u b lico ffic ia ls
t oem bracein o rd in a te ly
to u g hs e n t e n c e sfo rd ru g
fe lo n ie s .T h o s ew ho
q u e s tio n
s u c hs e n t e n c e s
r is k
p o litic a lrid ic u lea n d ostracism ,"H TW
re p o rts.
M a n d a to rym inim um
s e n te n c in gh a sr e s u lt-
e di na5 0 0 %i n c r e a s ei np riso np o p u la tio n si nth el a s t
3 0y e a r s ,a c c o rd in gt oth e P riso nM o ra to riu mP ro je c t.
"W hilep riso np o p u la tio n sh a v eg o n eu p5 0 0t o6 0 0
p e rc e n ti nth ep a s t3 0years, corrections b u d g e tsh a v e

in c re a s e db y alm ost 9 0 0 % ,"s a i dK e v inP r a n i s ,o n eo f th ef e a t u r e dg u e s ts p e a k e r sa t th ec o n f e r e n c e . "N ow , w here

d o e sth em oney
t ob u ild
new ' p riso n sa n d
h o u s eth ep riso np o p u la tio n
com e fro m ?A sp riso n
s p e n d in gi sg o in gu p ,s p e n d in go nSU N Ya n dC U N Y
i sg o in gdow no na na lm o s t d o lla rp e r d o lla rb a s is ,"
s a idP r a n i s .
T heJ u s t i c e
P e a c eIn s titu te ,
ale f tle a n in g
th in k
ta n k
b a s e d
i n
W a s h in g to n
D .C .,r e l e a s e d
a
re p o rtl a s t N ovem berh ig h lig h tin gate n -y e a r
tre n d
i ns ta tefu n d in gw h ic hd ire c tlys h ifts p u b lic
m oney
fro m
S U N Y /C U N Y
b u d g e ts
in top riso n

c o n s tru c - tio n . " T h eJP I cam eo u tw ithth iss tu d yth a t show sa d o lla rp e rd o lla rtra d e -o ff.T h e r ew ere

ac o u p le
o f
in te re s tin g
th in g s
i n
th e
s tu d y ,o n e
o fth e m
th a t
m oneyta k e nd ire c tlyo u to f S U N Y /C U N Y
b u d g e ts
i sb e in g
p u tin to
prison budgets.T h isi sa
re a lly
im p o rta n ti s s u efo r s tu d e n ts ,"s a i dP r a n i s .
T hetre n d
o f s h iftin g
d o lla rsfro m
h ig h e r
e d u c a tio nt op riso nc o n s tru c tio ns ta rte du n d e r th e
C uom o
a d m in is tra tio n
b u t
a c c e le ra te d
u n d e r
P a ta k i." T h e C uom oa d m in is tra tio n
h e ldstew ard-
s h ipo f N ewY orkp riso n sa n du n iv e rs itie sfo rs i xo f
the lastte ny e a r s ,a n din itia te d
th es h iftin go fp u b -
l i cm o n ie sfro m
h ig h e re d u c a tio n
t oc o r r e c t i o n s ,
"
s a y sth ere p o rt," b u t th ec u r r e n ta d m in is tra tio n 's
fu n d in gd e c is io n sh a v ei n c r e a s e d
th eg a pb e tw e e n
h ig h e r
e d u c a tio n
a n d
c o rre c tio n s
s p e n d in g ."
D u rin g P a ta k i'sf i r s t y e a r ino ffic e ,a c c o r d i n gt oth e
JP I, N ew
Y orks p e n t$ 1 .6b illio no no p e ra tin g p ris -
o n s a n d$ 1 .3 b illio no nh ig h e re d u c a tio n .T h a ty e a r
w as th e first tim ei n
th eh is to ry
o fN ew
Y o rkS ta te
th a t m o re m oney
w ass p e n to np ris o n s th a ne d u -
c a tio n .S in c eth e n ,th efu n d in g g a pb e tw e e n
p ris-
o n sa n d
h ig h e re d u c a tio n
h a si n c r e a s e d
S V w I,
k L ze
s c
n m lu
/
a ta l,
In le t e iA lt
f
t ' i n
Io na na n n u a lb a s is .
" T h eim p ris o n m e n to fn o n -
v io le n to ffe n d e rsi nN ew
Y o rki sn o t
a na b s t r a c tm a tte rfo rt a x p a y e r s
a n d
s tu d e n ts ," says the JP Ire p o rt. "W hile
th e
c u rre n ta d m in is tra tio n
h a sb e e n
p o u rin g
m oneyin toth ep riso nb u d -
g e t,s tu d e n ts
a t N ew
Y o r k 'sc o lle g e s
h a v eb e e nh it w ith tu itio ni n c r e a s e s ,
h ik e si nin c id e n ta lf e e s ,a n d com pos-
i t ec u tsi ns tu d e n t a id ."
I tc o s t sth eta x p a y e rso fN ew
Y ork
c o n s id e ra b ly
m o re
m oney
t o
s e n d
som eone
t op ris o n ra th e rth a n
c o lle g e .
A slo n g
a s
th e
R o c k e fe lle r
law s are on th eb o o k s , th isu g lya n d
d e s tru c tiv etre n dw illn o t o n lya c c e l-
t l I -
h b
L '
i t L
Y ill
tr J 1 1 im i1
f n
d 1
tn A 7 I
C a l r a
e ,
J U L
L
v v W L i
L c I L L o I l M - ,
u
U I e b L e U y r
th erig h tt ob ef r e eo fc r u e la n dd e g ra d in gp u n is h -
th eliv e so fe n tireg e n e ra tio n s
o fy o u n gp e o p le .
m e n t,a n dth erig h tt olib e rty ," th ere p o rts a y s .
A nda slo n ga sw eh a v e
agovernor w hoc o n tin -
H a rp in go nth ep u b lic 's fearo f crim ea n d
u e st oa d a m a n tlysu p p o rtth es ta tep riso nb e h e -
d ru gre la te dv io le n c e , p o litic ia n s h a v es u c c e s s f u l l y
m o thin d u s try , w ec a n expect m o re y o u n g
p e o -
c ra fte dth ed e b a te o n th isi s s u et os o m e th in gth a ti s
p let ob e" a c c e p t e d "
in top riso n sra th e r th a nu n i-
n o tu pfo r rational discussion. " U n fo rtu n a te ly , d ru g
v e r s itie s ,a s u r ere c ip efo rd is a s te ri f th e re
e v e r
sentencesi n N ew
Y o rk ,a sth ro u g h o u tth e U n ite d
w aso n e .
A P ~ rI
2 3 ;I 1 9 9 9
P A G E3
- - - - -
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