Prof. Nashwa Radwan ,Prof.
Elderly is defined as chronological age of 65 years old or older while
those from 65 through 74 years old are referred as \u201cearly elderly\u201d and
those over 75 years old as \u201clate elderly.\u201d However, the evidence on which
this definition is based is unknown. We have attempted to review the
definition of elderly by analyzing data from long-term longitudinal
epidemiological studies, and clinical and pathological studies. Advances
in medicine have prolonged the life of many people with chronic diseases.
Chronic diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow
Chronic diseases, such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic
respiratory diseases and diabetes, are by far the leading cause of mortality
in the world, representing 60% of all deaths especially among elderly.
Out of the 35 million people who died from chronic disease in 2005, half
were under 70 and half were women.
However, chronic diseases may not kill but they consume a lot of health
care resources and threaten the quality of life of the sufferers. The
ultimate goal of modern health care for patients with chronic disease is
not only to delay death but also to promote health and quality of life.
Quality of life is the degree to which a person enjoys the important
possibilities of his/her life. Possibilities result from the opportunities and
limitations each person has in his/her life and reflect the interaction of
personal and environmental factors. Enjoyment has two components: the
experience of satisfaction and the possession or achievement of some
characteristic. Unlike standard of living, quality of life is not a tangible
thing, and so cannot be measured directly. It consists of two components:
physical and psychological. The physical aspect includes things such as
health, diet, and protection against pain and disease. The psychological
aspect includes stress, worry, pleasure and other positive or negative
Researchers concluded that, chronic diseases cause medical, social and
Psychological problems that limit the activities of elderly People in the
community and decrease their quality of life.
They affect QOL Of elderly people and contribute to disability and
reduce their ability to live independent. Most results confirm that quality
of life in elderly outpatients with chronic disease is a multidimensional
construct involving health, as well as social and other factors
This study is observational cross-Sectional study.
Target population & setting:-
This study was conducted in Tanta city (Community based- hospital
based) during one month (December 2008). Elder Subjects 60 years and
above were our target population (N=b30)
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