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Effects of a 10 Week Swimming Program on the Respiratory Functions of Children With MentalRetardation
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, suppl. Research Consortium Abstracts 76. 1 (Mar 2005): A27-A28.ProQuest document link
An abstract of a study that determines the effects of a 10-week swimming program on the respiratoryfunctions of children with mental retardation (MR) is presented. Although there have been studies about theeffects of aquatic exercises and swimming on children without disabilities, there has been no researchespecially for the effects these exercises have on children with MR.
Filiz Can and Nevin Ergun, Hacettepe, University, Ylker Yilmaz and Copkun Bayrak, AnadoluUniversity, Ferman Konukman, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bulent Agbuga, Texas A&M University, and ErdalZorba, Mugla University (firstname.lastname@example.org.) Mental Retardation (MR) has negative effects on a child'sphysical fitness as well as his or her social and cognitive abilities during the life. Research indicates thatchildren with MR have a poor level of physical fitness compared to their nondisabled peers (Pitetti et al., 2001).The effects of swimming and aquatic exercises on physical illness and well being have been recognized for people with disabilities (Lepore, 2000). Moreover, aquatic exercises are highly recommended for children as arecreational activity (Sherrill, 1986). Although there have been studies about the effects of aquatic exercisesand swimming on children without disabilities, there had been no research especially for the effects theseexercises on children with MR. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a 10-weekswimming program on the respiratory functions of children with MR. The participants were nine trainable andseven educable children with MR in a rehabilitation center. The mean age of groups was 12.22 ±0.49 years intrainable group (n = 9) and 14.71 ±0.52 years in educable group (n = 7). The training program was applied for 10 weeks, twice times weekly, for 40 min each session. Pre and posttests measurements were taken in FVC,FEV1, MEF%50, PEF, MVV, VCMax, and FEV1/VC parameters using a VICA TEST P2 spirometer. The MannWhitney U test was used to compare the two groups and the Wilcoxon Matched Pairs Signed-Rank test wasused within each group. The results of this study indicated that there were no significant differences betweenthe groups (p >.05) exception of FEV1/VC parameter in the favor of educable group (p <.05). However, thisstudy found that only educable group improved significantly within the group (p <.05) in FEV1, MW, and VCMaxparameters. Trainable group did not improve within the group (p >.05) in all parameters. The results of thisstudy show that 10-week swimming program had no effect on all respiratory functions of trainable group. Inaddition, swimming program had only significant effect on certain parameters of educable group. This could berelated to physiological changes in muscle endurance as a result of training regimen and also longer period of time is needed to have a significant effect on respiratory functions of children with MR. This study has severallimitations. Therefore, future studies should address the effects of different physical activities on the respiratoryfunctions of children with MR.
Swimming; Effects; Children & youth; Mental retardation
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
24 May 2013Page 1 of 2ProQuest