Rate of Reaction II
The orientation of collision
Consider a simple reaction involving a collisionbetween two molecules - ethene, CH
, andhydrogen chloride, HCl, for example. These react togive chloroethane.2.
As a result of the collision between the two molecules,the double bond between the two carbons is convertedinto a single bond. A hydrogen atom gets attached toone of the carbons and a chlorine atom to the other.3.
The reaction can only happen if the hydrogen end of the H-Cl bond approaches the carbon-carbon doublebond. Any other collision between the two moleculesdoesn't work. The two simply bounce off each other.4.
Of the collisions shown in the diagram, only collision 1 maypossibly lead on to a reaction.
Frequency of effective collision with rate of reaction and factors that affect the rate of reaction
According to the collision theory, the frequency of effective collision influences the rate of reaction.2.
The frequency of effective collision is the number of effective collisions which occur in 1 second.3.
The rate of reaction depends on the frequency of effective collisions that occur.4.
If the frequency of an effective collision for a reaction is high, then the rate of reaction is also high. On theother hand, if the frequency of an effective collision is low, then the rate of reaction will become low
1. The rate of reaction increases when the total number of collisions between particles increases.2. When the number of effective collisions increases, then the rate of reaction also increases.
The rate of reaction increases when the total number of collisions per unit of time between the particlesincreases.2.
When the number of effective collisions increases, the rate of reaction does not necessarily have to increase.The rate of reaction increases only if effective collisions that occur per second increase, that is when thefrequency of effective collisions increases. So, the correct statement is
"When the frequency of effective collisions increase, the rate of the reaction will also increase or when the number of effective collisions per second increases, the rate of reaction increases.
The factors that influence the rate of reaction can be explained using the collision theory.