Java Card Technology Seminar Report 2006 Admission
WHAT IS A SMART CARD ?
Identical to the size of a credit card, a smart card stores and processes informationthrough the electronic circuits embedded in silicon in the plastic substrate of its body.There are two basic kinds of smart cards: An intelligent smart card contains amicroprocessor and offers read, write, and calculating capability, like a smallmicrocomputer.
on the other hand, does not have a microprocessor andis meant only for information storage. A memory card uses security logic to control theaccess of memory.All smart cards contain three types of memory: persistent non-mutable memory;persistent mutable memory; and non-persistent mutable memory. ROM, EEPROM, andRAM are the most widely-used memory for the three respective types in the current smartcards. Persistent memory is also called non-volatile memory. We will use the terms
interchangeably in this article.ISO 7816 part 1-7, defined by International Standard Organization, contains a set of standards that covers various aspects of smart cards. ISO 7816 consists of:
Physical characteristics (part 1)
Dimensions and location of the contacts (part 2)
Electronic signals and Transmission protocols (part 3)
Inter-industry commands for interchange (part 4)
Application identifiers (Part 5)
Inter-industry data elements (Part 6)
Inter-industry commands for SCQL (Part 7)
Dept.of Computer Science & Engg Veda Vyasa Institute of Technology2