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Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Pulmonary Tuberculosis

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Published by roseann_808

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Published by: roseann_808 on Nov 29, 2009
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07/23/2013

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Pulmonary Tuberculosis
 
INTRODUCTIONA.Background of the Study
Pulmonary tuberculosis, a chronic sub-acute or acute respiratory disease commonly affecting thelungs characterized by the formation of tubercles in the tissues which tend to undergo cessation, necrosis andcalcification. It is also known as poor man’s disease or consumption disease. The causative agent in this disease isMycobacterium Tuberculosis, a rod shaped bacteria. The disease is transmitted by deliberate inoculation of microorganisms by droplet. This disease is transmitted to other people through the inhalation of organisms directlyinto the lungs from contaminated air. According to the department of Health (DOH) PTB is the 6
th
cause of mortalityand morbidity in the Philippines as of 2007.This disease is can be acquired easily by person being in contact with an infected one, when you are livingin a crowded area like the squatter’s area and when you have poor nutrition. It is commonly present in third worldor developing countries like the Philippines.In 2004, mortality and morbidity statistics included 14.6 million chronic active cases, 8.9 million new cases,and 1.6 million deaths, mostly indeveloping countries. In addition, a rising number of people in thedeveloped world  are contracting tuberculosis because their immune systemsare compromised byimmunosuppressive drugs, substance abuse, or AIDS. The distribution of tuberculosis is not uniform across the globe with about 80% of the population in many Asian and African countries testing positive in tuberculin tests, while only 5-10% of the USpopulation testing positive.
B.Rationale for Choosing the Case
The researchers decided to choose this case because they wanted to acquire more knowledge aboutPulmonary Tuberculosis. They wanted to use the knowledge that they have acquired in promoting awareness tothe people especially to the poor that they should seek for medical care in order to prevent the development andprogression of PTB. The researchers also wanted to focus on preventive measures. PTB can cause Tuberculosismeningitis, a very rare and fatal disease and the researchers would not want that to happen, so they will focusmore on information campaign as part of primary prevention of health. Presently our country has so many cases of PTB.
 
C.Significance of the Study
This study will help the nursing profession by providing information about the proper management and carefor PTB patient. It will also educate the people, especially those with PTB and vulnerable individuals to seekmedical care in order to prevent TBM. It will increase awareness about the importance of having a healthy lifestyleand clean environment.This study will elaborate the inter relatedness of environment, life style habits and acquiring PulmonaryTuberculosis.
D.Scope and Limitation of the Study
This study is focused on the nursing aspect of care to those patients who have Pulmonary Tuberculosis.This study will only be used in the nursing profession. The researchers only focused their attention on themedications, diagnostics, care plan, pathophysiology and discharge planning. This study is not limited to the PTBpatients only, but it is for all people who are interested in PTB. We are more focused on primary preventionthrough health education because primary prevention is the true prevention.
I.HEALTH HISTORYA. Demographic Data:
1.
Name:
Orly Calinawan Reyes
2.
Gender:
Male
3.
Age:
37
4.
Birth date:
October 08, 1972
5.
Civil status:
Single

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