Solutions Manual for
Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals and Applications
by \u00c7engel & Cimbala
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The above discussion applies to fluids at rest (hydrostatics). When fluids are in motion, Pascal\u2019s principle does not necessarily apply. However, as we shall see in later chapters, the differential equations of incompressible fluid flow contain only pressureg ra d ie n ts, and thus an increase in pressure in the whole system doesnot affect fluid motion.
The density of air at sea level is higher than the density of air on top of a high mountain. Therefore, the volume flow rates of the two fans running at identical speeds will be the same, but the mass flow rate of the fan at sea level will be higher.
In reality, the fan blades on the high mountain would experience less frictional drag, and hence the fan motor would not have as much resistance \u2013 the rotational speed of the fan on the mountain would be slightly higher than that at sea level.
The pressure in a tank is measured with a manometer by measuring the differential height of the manometer fluid. The absolute pressure in the tank is to be determined for two cases: the manometer arm with the (a) higher and (b) lower fluid level being attached to the tank.
The final results are reported to three significant digits. Note that we can determine whether the pressure in a tank is above or below atmospheric pressure by simply observing the side of the manometer arm with the higher fluid level.
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