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rau mam

rau mam

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Published by api-19802529

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Published by: api-19802529 on Nov 29, 2009
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03/18/2014

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\u06e9
RAU M\u1ea6M \u2013 H\u01af\u1edaNG PH\u00c1T TRI\u1ec2N LO\u1ea0I RAU AN TO\u00c0N
I.
L\u00fd do ch\u1ecdn \u0111\u1ec1 t\u00e0i.

Hi\u1ec7n nay, v\u1edbi vi\u1ec7c x\u00e3 h\u1ed9i ng\u00e0y c\u00e0ng ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n, \u0111\u1eddi s\u1ed1ng ng\u01b0\u1eddi d\u00e2n ng\u00e0y c\u00e0ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c c\u1ea3i thi\u1ec7n con ng\u01b0\u1eddi ng\u00e0y c\u00e0ng mu\u1ed1n n\u00e2ng cao nhu c\u1ea7u cu\u1ed9c s\u1ed1ng c\u1ee7a m\u00ecnh, nh\u1ea5t l\u00e0 v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 s\u1ee9c kh\u1ecfe.

Do \u0111\u00f3, vi\u1ec7c s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t rau m\u1ea7m \u2013 m\u1ed9t lo\u1ea1i rau s\u1ea1ch theo ti\u00eau chu\u1ea9n \u201cb\u1ed1n
kh\u00f4ng\u201d: kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ea5t (tr\u1ed3ng tr\u00ean x\u01a1 d\u1eeba), kh\u00f4ng ph\u00e2n h\u00f3a h\u1ecdc, kh\u00f4ng thu\u1ed1c
tr\u1eeb s\u00e2u, t\u0103ng tr\u01b0\u1edfng, v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng d\u00f9ng n\u01b0\u1edbc nhi\u1ec5m b\u1ea9n \u0111\u1ec3 t\u01b0\u1edbi cho rau n\u00ean s\u1ebd
\u0111em l\u1ea1i cho con ng\u01b0\u1eddi nhi\u1ec1u thu\u1eadn l\u1ee3i h\u01a1n trong vi\u1ec7c l\u1ef1a ch\u1ecdn nguy\u00ean li\u1ec7u
cho b\u1eefa \u0103n h\u00e0ng ng\u00e0y.

II.
M\u1ee5c ti\u00eau c\u1ee7a \u0111\u1ec1 t\u00e0i.

Rau m\u1ea7m l\u00e0 lo\u1ea1i rau d\u1ec5 tr\u1ed3ng, \u00edt t\u1ed1n c\u00f4ng ch\u0103m s\u00f3c, th\u1eddi gian thu ho\u1ea1ch
ng\u1eafn\u2026 n\u00ean r\u1ea5t thu\u1eadn l\u1ee3i \u0111\u1ec3 gia t\u0103ng th\u00eam thu nh\u1eadp h\u1ed9 gia \u0111\u00ecnh gi\u1ea3m l\u01b0\u1ee3ng
lao \u0111\u1ed9ng nh\u00e0n r\u1ed7i \u1edf c\u1ea3 th\u00e0nh th\u1ecb v\u00e0 n\u00f4ng th\u00f4n nh\u1eb1m \u0111\u1ec3 ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n cu\u1ed9c
s\u1ed1ng c\u1ee7a ng\u01b0\u1eddi d\u00e2n ng\u00e0y c\u00e0ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ed1t h\u01a1n. \u0110\u00f3 l\u00e0 m\u1ee5c ti\u00eau c\u1ee7a \u0111\u1ec1 t\u00e0i n\u00e0y.

III.
Th\u1ef1c tr\u1ea1ng.
1.Thu\u1eadn l\u1ee3i:

Tr\u1ed3ng rau m\u1ea7m c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 xem nh\u01b0 l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t th\u00fa vui gi\u1ea3i tr\u00ed, v\u1eeba c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 t\u0103ng th\u00eam thu nh\u1eadp, v\u1eeba c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 b\u1ed5 sung th\u00eam rau trong b\u1eefa \u0103n h\u00e0ng ng\u00e0y v\u00ec n\u00f3 c\u00f3 v\u1ecb cay n\u1ed3ng k\u00edch th\u00edch v\u1ecb gi\u00e1c \u0111\u1ec3 c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0103n ngon h\u01a1n.

Rau m\u1ea7m d\u1ec5 tr\u1ed3ng v\u00e0 l\u00e0 lo\u1ea1i rau s\u1ea1ch, c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 t\u1eadn d\u1ee5ng nh\u1eefng kho\u1ea3ng kh\u00f4ng
gian tr\u1ed1ng trong nh\u00e0 (m\u00e1i hi\u00ean, s\u00e2n th\u01b0\u1ee3ng\u2026) ti\u1ebft ki\u1ec7m di\u1ec7n t\u00edch v\u00ec c\u00f3 th\u1ec3
tr\u1ed3ng th\u00e0nh t\u1eebng c\u1ee5m ho\u1eb7c t\u1eebng t\u1ea7ng.

Trong giai \u0111o\u1ea1n khi c\u00e2y n\u1ea3y m\u1ea7m th\u00ec h\u00e0m l\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i vitamine nh\u01b0 B, C, E l\u00e0 cao nh\u1ea5t, do \u0111\u00f3 vi\u1ec7c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng rau m\u1ea7m trong th\u1eddi gian l\u00fac n\u00e0y (5 \u2013 7 ng\u00e0y) l\u00e0 th\u00edch h\u1ee3p nh\u1ea5t.

Ch\u1ee7 y\u1ebfu l\u00e0 s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t trong nh\u00e0 nh\u01b0: nh\u00e0 m\u00e0ng, nh\u00e0 l\u01b0\u1edbi, v\u1edbi nhi\u1ec1u ki\u1ec3u d\u00e1ng ph\u00f9 h\u1ee3p, trong \u0111\u00f3 c\u00f3 k\u1ebft h\u1ee3p k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt v\u00e0 thi\u1ebft b\u1ecb hi\u1ec7n \u0111\u1ea1i v\u1edbi truy\u1ec1n th\u1ed1ng. C\u00f3 th\u1ec3 h\u1ea1n ch\u1ebf \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c nhi\u1ec1u t\u00e1c h\u1ea1i c\u1ee7a m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng v\u00e0 lu\u00f4n ch\u1ee7 \u0111\u1ed9ng th\u1eddi v\u1ee5.

2.Kh\u00f3 kh\u0103n:

Vi\u1ec7c qu\u1ea3n b\u00e1 r\u1ed9ng r\u00e3i l\u1ee3i \u00edch v\u1ec1 gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb dinh d\u01b0\u1ee1ng c\u1ee7a rau m\u1ea7m \u0111\u1ebfn m\u1ecdi
ng\u01b0\u1eddi d\u00e2n hi\u1ec7n nay g\u1eb7p r\u1ea5t nhi\u1ec1u kh\u00f3 kh\u0103n v\u00ec vi\u1ec7c s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t rau m\u1ea7m hi\u1ec7n nay
ch\u1ee7 y\u1ebfu l\u00e0 nh\u1ecf l\u1ebb, ch\u01b0a tr\u1ed3ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c d\u1ea1ng quy m\u00f4 t\u1eadp trung, s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t v\u1edbi s\u1ed1
l\u01b0\u1ee3ng l\u1edbn.

Qua nhi\u1ec1u l\u1ea7n kh\u1ea3o s\u00e1t th\u00ec s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m rau m\u1ea7m hi\u1ec7n nay \u00edt th\u1ea5y b\u00e1n l\u1ebb, t\u1eadp trung t\u1ea1i c\u00e1c ch\u1ee3 \u0111\u1ea7u m\u1ed1i, n\u1ebfu c\u00f3 b\u00e1n nhi\u1ec1u th\u00ec ch\u1ec9 t\u1eadp trung ch\u1ee7 y\u1ebfu t\u1ea1i c\u00e1c si\u00eau th\u1ecb.

K\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt tr\u1ed3ng tuy \u0111\u01a1n gi\u1ea3n nh\u01b0ng n\u1ebfu \u00e1p d\u1ee5ng kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u00fang quy tr\u00ecnh, k\u1ef9

H\u1ecd v\u00e0 t\u00ean: Hu\u1ef3nh Quang Nam
L\u1edbp:DH5PN
MSSV:DPN042349

TI\u1ec2U LU\u1eacN M\u00d4N
NH\u1eacP M\u00d4N PH\u00c1T TRI\u1ec2N N\u00d4NG TH\u00d4N
thu\u1eadt (\u0111\u1ed9 \u1ea9m, \u00e1nh s\u00e1ng,\u2026) th\u00ec c\u0169ng s\u1ebd cho n\u0103ng su\u1ea5t kh\u00f4ng cao, s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m
k\u00e9m ch\u1ea5t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng\u2026

Rau m\u1ea7m l\u00e0 lo\u1ea1i rau c\u00f2n non, d\u1ec5 b\u1ecb m\u1ea5t n\u01b0\u1edbc n\u00ean sau khi thu ho\u1ea1ch n\u00ean r\u1eeda
s\u1ea1ch ngay, \u0111\u1ec3 r\u00e1o n\u01b0\u1edbc r\u1ed3i cho v\u00e0o h\u1ed9p, b\u1ea3o qu\u1ea3n trong t\u1ee7 m\u00e1t \u0111\u1ec3 gi\u1eef cho rau
m\u1ea7m kh\u00f4ng b\u1ecb h\u00e9o nh\u1eb1m b\u1ea3o to\u00e0n ch\u1ea5t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng cho rau, m\u1ed9t \u0111i\u1ec1u r\u1ea5t kh\u00f3 b\u1edfi v\u00ec
kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i nh\u00e0 n\u00e0o c\u0169ng c\u00f3 s\u1eb5n t\u1ee7 m\u00e1t, t\u1ee7 l\u1ea1nh \u0111\u1ec3 tr\u1eef rau l\u1ea1i khi ch\u01b0a t\u00ecm
\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c n\u01a1i ti\u00eau th\u1ee5.

Vi\u1ec7c t\u00ecm ngu\u1ed3n ti\u00eau th\u1ee5, \u0111\u1ea7u ra cho rau m\u1ea7m c\u0169ng \u0111ang l\u00e0 v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 h\u1ebft s\u1ee9c
kh\u00f3 kh\u0103n v\u00ec hi\u1ec7n nay \u1edf An Giang th\u00ec ch\u1ec9 c\u00f3 nh\u1eefng qu\u00e1n \u0103n l\u1edbn, nh\u00e0 h\u00e0ng
(L\u00e0ng T\u00f4i, Tre Xanh, Hai L\u00faa, B\u1ea3o Giang, \u0110\u00f4ng Xuy\u00ean\u2026 ) m\u1edbi ti\u00eau th\u1ee5
nhi\u1ec1u, c\u00f2n c\u00e1c ch\u1ee3 b\u00e1n l\u1ebb th\u00ec r\u1ea5t \u00edt.

\u1ede An Giang, do vi\u1ec7c s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t rau m\u1ea7m c\u00f2n nh\u1ecf l\u1ebb n\u00ean ng\u01b0\u1eddi d\u00e2n ph\u1ea3i t\u1ef1 \u0111i
ph\u00e2n ph\u1ed1i h\u00e0ng h\u00f3a c\u1ee7a m\u00ecnh m\u00e0 h\u1ea7u nh\u01b0 ch\u01b0a c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t th\u01b0\u01a1ng l\u00e1i n\u00e0o xu\u1ed1ng
t\u1eadn nh\u00e0 ng\u01b0\u1eddi d\u00e2n \u0111\u1ec3 tr\u1ef1c ti\u1ebfp \u0111\u1eb7t h\u00e0ng.

K\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt thu ho\u1ea1ch hi\u1ec7n nay c\u00f2n ph\u1ee5 thu\u1ed9c r\u1ea5t nhi\u1ec1u v\u00e0o ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p th\u1ee7 c\u00f4ng (d\u00f9ng tay nh\u1ed5 rau m\u1ea7m sau \u0111\u00f3 d\u00f9ng k\u00e9o c\u1eaft r\u1ec5, r\u1eefa s\u1ea1ch, b\u1ecf v\u00e0o h\u1ed9p\u2026) r\u1ea5t t\u1ed1n th\u1eddi gian v\u00e0 c\u00f4ng s\u1ee9c.

IV.C\u00e1ch gi\u1ea3i quy\u1ebft.
H\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh c\u00e1c H\u1ee3p T\u00e1c X\u00e3 chuy\u00ean s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t v\u00e0 cung c\u1ea5p rau m\u1ea7m, d\u1ea7n
d\u1ea7n ti\u1ebfn t\u1edbi x\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng th\u01b0\u01a1ng hi\u1ec7u cho rau m\u1ea7m, nh\u1ea5t l\u00e0 \u1edf An Giang.

Li\u00ean k\u1ebft H\u1ee3p T\u00e1c X\u00e3 v\u1edbi c\u00e1c tr\u01b0\u1eddng \u0110\u1ea1i H\u1ecdc (An Giang, C\u1ea7n Th\u01a1\u2026) t\u1eadp hu\u1ea5n v\u1ec1 quy tr\u00ecnh s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t nh\u1eb1m n\u00e2ng cao ki\u1ebfn th\u1ee9c chuy\u00ean m\u00f4n c\u1ee7a ng\u01b0\u1eddi d\u00e2n v\u1ec1 rau m\u1ea7m \u0111\u1ec3 n\u00e2ng cao hi\u1ec7u qu\u1ea3 trong vi\u1ec7c s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t rau m\u1ea7m.

T\u1ec9nh c\u1ea7n c\u00f3 ch\u00ednh s\u00e1ch h\u1ed7 tr\u1ee3 cho H\u1ee3p T\u00e1c X\u00e3 1-2 t\u1ee7 l\u1ea1nh \u0111\u1ec3 tr\u1eef rau m\u1ea7m
l\u1ea1i khi ch\u01b0a k\u1ecbp xu\u1ea5t ra th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng.

Ti\u1ebfn t\u1edbi m\u00f4 h\u00ecnh tr\u1ed3ng rau m\u1ea7m nh\u01b0 anh Qu\u00e1ch V\u0129nh T\u00e2n \u2013 Th\u00e0nh Ph\u1ed1 H\u1ed3
Ch\u00ed Minh l\u00e0 anh s\u1ebd thi\u1ebft k\u1ebf m\u1ed9t m\u00f4 h\u00ecnh l\u00e0 ch\u1ec9 c\u1ea7n n\u01b0\u1edbc m\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng c\u1ea7n \u0111\u1ea5t
s\u1ea1ch hay x\u01a1 d\u1eeba nh\u01b0 hi\u1ec7n nay, do \u0111\u00f3 s\u1ebd r\u1ea5t d\u1ec5 trong kh\u00e2u thu ho\u1ea1ch c\u1ea3 g\u1ed1c l\u1eabn
r\u1ec5, n\u00e2ng cao n\u0103ng su\u1ea5t v\u00e0 ch\u1ea5t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ee7a rau m\u1ea7m.

C\u1ea7n c\u00f3 nh\u1eefng ch\u00ednh s\u00e1ch h\u1ed7 tr\u1ee3, khuy\u1ebfn kh\u00edch c\u00e1c sinh vi\u00ean t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u v\u00e0 n\u00e2ng cao ki\u1ebfn th\u1ee9c c\u1ee7a m\u00ecnh v\u1ec1 vi\u1ec7c tr\u1ed3ng rau m\u1ea7m v\u00e0 qu\u1ea3n b\u00e1 h\u00ecnh \u1ea3nh c\u1ee7a rau m\u1ea7m \u0111\u1ebfn m\u1ecdi ng\u01b0\u1eddi d\u00e2n.

V.K\u1ebft lu\u1eadn.
Tr\u1ed3ng rau m\u1ea7m v\u1eeba c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 t\u0103ng thu nh\u1eadp, v\u1eeba c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 b\u1ed3 sung th\u00eam rau

trong b\u1eefa \u0103n gia \u0111\u00ecnh.
H\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh H\u1ee3p T\u00e1c X\u00e3 chuy\u00ean s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t v\u00e0 cung c\u1ea5p rau m\u1ea7m.
X\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng th\u01b0\u01a1ng hi\u1ec7u cho rau m\u1ea7m, nh\u1ea5t l\u00e0 \u1edf t\u1ec9nh An Giang
Sau khi thu ho\u1ea1ch rau m\u1ea7m th\u00ec n\u00ean \u0111\u01b0a v\u00e0o si\u00eau th\u1ecb \u0111\u1ec3 ti\u00eau th\u1ee5, m\u1eb7c d\u00f9 gi\u00e1

b\u00e1n c\u00f3 th\u1ea5p h\u01a1n th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng b\u00ean ngo\u00e0i nh\u01b0ng c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ea7u ra \u1ed5n \u0111\u1ecbnh v\u00e0 c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 qu\u1ea3n
b\u00e1 th\u01b0\u01a1ng hi\u1ec7u.

\u1ede An Giang, vi\u1ec7c x\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng m\u1ed9t H\u1ee3p T\u00e1c X\u00e3 \u0111\u00e3 kh\u00f3, nh\u01b0ng c\u00f4ng vi\u1ec7c \u1ed5n
\u0111\u1ecbnh v\u00e0 ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n H\u1ee3p T\u00e1c X\u00e3 ng\u00e0y c\u00e0ng l\u1edbn m\u1ea1nh th\u00ec c\u00e0ng kh\u00f3 kh\u0103n h\u01a1n. Do
\u0111\u00f3, \u1ee6y Ban Nh\u00e2n T\u1ec9nh, S\u1edf N\u00f4ng Nghi\u1ec7p & Ph\u00e1t Tri\u1ec3n N\u00f4ng Th\u00f4n v\u00e0 c\u00e1c ban
ng\u00e0nh c\u00f3 li\u00ean quan n\u00ean xem x\u00e9t v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 n\u00e0y \u0111\u1ec3 gi\u00fap H\u1ee3p T\u00e1c X\u00e3 ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng
ng\u00e0y c\u00e0ng \u1ed5n \u0111\u1ecbnh h\u01a1n.

HO\u00c0N TO\u00c0N KH\u00d4NG C\u00d3 M\u1ed8T CON S\u1ed0 HAY TR\u00cdCH D\u1eaaN G\u00cc \u0110\u1ec2
CH\u1ee8NG MINH CHO \u0110\u1ec0 T\u00c0I C\u1ea2. \u0110\u1ec0 T\u00c0I KH\u00d4NG PH\u00c1T TRIENR

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